Annotated Bibliography – Climate Change
Cooper, Anderson. “Pacific swallowing remote island chain.” CNN.com. N.p., 31 July 2007. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . Anderson Cooper’s blog post on the Carteret Island climate change mentions the status of the Carteret as “the world’s first environmental refugees.” While Cooper mentions the lack of impact the Carteret have had on the rest of the world, the rest of the world is impacting them greatly. This particular type of narrative furthers the idea that the Carteret refugees are helpless victims of a failing planet and poor environmental policies. Also, it is implied that they are helpless, simple people who are subsistence farmers, just trying to make ends meet â€“ unwanted by the government and starving.
James, Scott. “Carteret Islands Evacuation: Climate Change Refugees in the Pacific?.” Blue Living Ideas. N.p., 25 May 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . In Scott James’ blog post, emphasis is placed on the “world’s first evacuation of an entire people as a result of climate change, an evacuation of an entire community.” This particular coverage is somewhat more objective regarding the Carteret, as the emphasis is placed on the potential causes of the sinking and the need for the government to allot funds to evacuate the families. Also, the Carteret are implied to have been dealing with these problems for a long time, as homes and gardens have been lost.
Leckie, Scott. The Bougainville Resettlement Initiative Meeting Report. Canberra: Displacement Solutions, 2008. Print. In this meeting that Scott Leckie led, the Carteret were intended to feel “a sense of justice in the universe.” The primary goal of the displacement meeting was to make sure that the civilization as a whole was made as comfortable as possible through this forced migration, and to ensure that they held rights of their own. There is considerable discussion pointed toward the idea that the Carteret could potentially disrupt the Bougainville Islands after the resettlement, and steps need to be taken to integrate them in a streamlined way.
Marshall, Steve. “Carteret Islands: that sinking feeling.” CNN.com. N.p., 18 Apr. 2008. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . The author of this blog post describes the Carteret Islands, and its people by definition, as a quaint, exotic folk â€“ much is made of the rice drops that are made and the pristine white sands and coconut trees. Of course, a more disastrous picture is then outlined for the people who live there, as they describe the harsh journey that takes them (and the Carterets by extension) over to Bougainville, where they will be relocated. By attempting to see â€œwhat life was actually like,â€ it further paints the Carterets as an exotic curiosity.
Monbiot, George. “Climate change displacement has begun â€“ but hardly anyone has noticed.” The Guardian . N.p., 8 May 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . George Monbiot points out that the Carteret â€œare notâ€¦the worldâ€™s first climate-change refugees,â€ but this is one of the largest groups to be displaced, and â€œforeshadows the likely mass displacement of people from coastal cities and low-lying regions as a result of rising sea levels.â€ It is implied that the relative unimportance of the Carteret people to the rest of the world is what contributes to the lack of attention this story is receiving.
Morton, Adam. “First climate refugees move to new home.” The Age. N.p., 29 July 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . Adam Morton attempts to equate oneâ€™s own experience to that of a Carteret refugee; he paints a metaphorical picture of what it would be like to be displaced in a tiny coral atoll in the Pacific. Morton also describes the immense levels of help that the Carteret are receiving, from the Catholic Church to organizations like Tulele Peisa. The primary stakes at hand are the possible loss of culture that may result from the forced relocation of this primitive people.
Newland, Kathleen. Climate Change and Migration Dynamics. Washington DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2011. Print.
Kathleen Newland’s paper discusses the ideas inherent to migration of a people following climate change. Their vulnerabilities need to be assessed, as well as their resilience. As the Carteret do not have substantial financial capital, it would be necessary for all manner of groups to help them relocate and find a new home.
SHEARS, RICHARD. “The world’s first climate change refugees to leave island due to rising sea levels.” Mail Online. N.p., 18 Dec. 2007. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . Richard Shears writes about the pending relocation, as well as the irony of climate change affecting such a small people with a light carbon footprint. He states that the Carteret â€œknow nothing aboutâ€ the outside world that polluted their home, implying a sort of noble savage stereotype. This is meant to engender sympathy, as these people are portrayed as innocents, held hostage by a failing, polluted environment, the victim of industrialization.
Solomon Times Online. “Carteret Islanders to be Resettled to Bougainville.” Solomon Times Online. N.p., 5 Nov. 2008. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. . This article discusses the relocation to Bougainville, and mentions the fact that â€œa third of the population had refused to leave their island because they claimed they had spent all their lives there and would not move or claimed they would sink and vanish with the island.â€ This implies a sort of cultural pride inherent in this people, furthering the noble savage portrait that is textually portrayed in a lot of this coverage.
Sun Come Up. Dir. Jennifer Redfearn. Perf. N/A. New Day Films, 2010. Film. In this short documentary, The Carteret people are dramatized, the film making a large focus of the decisions regarding whether or not to leave their home. This emphasizes and plays up the status of Carterets as innocent and noble, and makes sure to tug at heartstrings by presenting wide-eyed, displaced young Carteret children who are searching for a new home and new relationships to build.