Ekins, P. (1997). Clean Business Policy: Practice and Economic Implications. Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 335 (1728), 1449-1465.
The author of this article feels that businesses have a prominent role in helping solve the current environmental problems facing the world. The way that they can do this is by creating sustainable models that help lessen the problems, rather than exasperate them. The author first develops a model of wealth creation that can be applied to businesses and the economy as a whole and argues that from this model one can derive principles aimed at sustainability. The author recommends that businesses adopt new environmental reporting and accounting systems. From this, they can start to quantify the toll of the environment into their total profits. He also sees the government as having a large role and they should offer tax incentives for people to practice sustainability. This author is convincing and includes charts and data to back up their argument. It is an interesting example of how someone offers a practical model for sustainable business and should thus be useful for my project.
Holiday, Charles O., Stephen Schmidheiny and Phillip Watts. (2002). Walking the Talk: The Business Case for Sustainable Development. New York: Berrett- Koehler Publishers.
This book contains the view of three authors and is organized very well. The participants are major business leaders and they argue that the business world should be leading the cause for sustainable environmental practices and not just government organizations, such as the EPA. The book draws on seventy case histories of companies around the world and they offer critiques on sustainable development, economic growth and ecological balance in order to create a better environment. This book will be useful because it offers examples from top business leaders themselves, and does so in very practice terms.
Ranganathan, Janet. (May, 2014). “Three Reasons Investors are Beginning to take Sustainability seriously.” The Guardian. Retrieved from: www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/three-reasons-investors- consider-sustainability.
This article is a current and up to date argument for why business they should seek sustainability. It lists three reasons, such as environmental risks and its affects on material needed for business, its bad publicity and that it is a competitive strategy that gives companies an edge. This publication will be helpful because it offers a perspective on why it is beneficial for bussines to do so and would add evidence that business would be best off doing so.
Smith, Gail B. (2008). Developing Sustainable Food Supply Chain. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences. 363 (1492), 849-861.
This article deals with how companies and businesses in the food industry should seek sustainable food supply chains for their products. According to the article, there are a few ways for a company to achieve this. The first most important factor, according to the article, is the businesses attitude toward responsible products and the type of supply that is needed. For example, the type of supply will bring a variety of factors; such as the transportation distance and how many processing steps are needed. Also, the market itself plays a role in this, as a volatile price for supply will affect how many resources they can invest toward sustainability. The article also focuses on the role of customers, and how things like sustainability need to be important to their buying audience, who would be willing to pay higher expenses to compensate for the difficulties of supplying sustainable goods. The article makes many recommendations, such as cooperation amongst NGO’s, governmental and farmers’ organizations and the retailers. This article will be useful because it really hones in on some of the difficulties of sustainability, especially how much of it has to do with how the company receives its good. The article is also very credible because it is in a peer-reviewed journal by a professor with a track record of strong publications.
Vucetieh, John A. and Michael P. Nelson. (2010). Sustainability: Virtuous or Vulgar? BioScience. 60(7), 539-644.
This article is short but offers some strong philosophical arguments about sustainability and business. The author addresses it both from a scientific and ethical vantage point. First, the author questions the reasons behind sustainability to chip away whether they are value laden terms that only attempt to address human needs and the ability for them to be met further in the future. Ultimately, the author argues that in order for businesses to really offer sustainable practices it needs to be underpinned by ethics. This article is credible because the two professors seem to have a strong grasp of the literature and arguments, as well as their article appearing in a peer-reviewed publication. In the effort to discuss sustainability, this article is valuable because it looks at larger issues, such as ethics, that go beyond individual corporations.