Please answer the following questions in a minimum of 1-4 sentences per question. All answers must come from your Global Studies text. No Google please. Late papers will not be accepted. Students failing to complete all assignments will receive the grade of incomplete. Answers to these questions will be posted.
What political action by EU did the US complain to the WTO about because they violated free trade rules? What was the outcome of this dispute?
The US complained to the WTO about the European ban on imports of American hormone-treated beef, the negative effect of which could not be proved. In the end they reached a compromise, according to which the EU would continue to ban imports of hormone-treated beef but would allow the US to export duty-free up to 45,000 tons of hormone-free beef onto the European market. The US then also lifted tariffs it had previously imposed on European products.
There are natural sources, such as wildfires and volcanic eruptions; and man-made sources, namely burning fossil fuels.
According to your text, what was the name of the United States' first piece of trade legislation, what year was it introduced and what results did it attempt to achieve?
The first piece of trade legislation was called the Tariff Act and was introduced in 1789 and enforced relatively mild tariffs. From then on, the North backed new tariffs to support domestic industry, whilst the South stood for the elimination of tariffs to facilitate trade of agricultural goods. Thus, the Tariff Act had a mixed approach on tariffs.
What does your text say about the Obama administration's approach to trade with sub-Saharan Africa? What is AGOA and what does it do?
Obama’s administration is trying to build stronger trade relations with the region, for example, by signing African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which is a preferential trade agreement between the US and sub-Saharan Africa.
According to your text, what two countries have made the most progress toward meeting the MDGs?
India and China.
According to your text, what country provided the largest or highest dollar amount in foreign aid in 2009?
The United States.
According to your text, what country provided the largest dollar amount of foreign aid as a percentage of GNI in 2009?
Based on figures provided in your text, which has been more difficult for the US to achieve, (1).giving more foreign aid than any other nation on earth or (2) giving more foreign aid than any other nation as a percentage of the US' gross national income (GNI)? Be sure to explain your answer.
It was much more difficult for the US to give more foreign aid than other countries as a percentage of GNI. That’s why the US was only 19th among the most developed nations in such a ranking, though it ranked the 1st in total amount of money contributed. This means that the US contributes the most because of its size and wealth but as a percentage of GNI these sums seem quite moderate, especially in comparison with some European countries (Sweden, Norway, Luxembourg, Denmark, etc.).
According to your text, after 12 years what has the world learned about meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?
Some goals including slashing by half the 1990 rates of extreme poverty and the proportion of people without access to drinking water were met. Girls are now almost as likely to attend school as boys. Living conditions of more than 200 million people living in slums were enhanced.
According to your text, what SPECIFICALLY do most experts agree on about the foreseeable future of the Islamic world?
The transition to a more democratic regime will be neither smooth nor nonviolent.
According to your text, Africa (in 2015) was projected to grow by what percentage compared to economic growth in Eurozone countries?
It was projected to grow by 5.5 percent in 2015, compared with 1.3 percent in Eurozone countries.
According to your text, what two African countries have been affected by sharp reductions in infant mortality?
Ethiopia and Rwanda.
According to your text, between 2010 and 2020 what development will take place that will give the African continent a larger labor force by 2035 than any country or region, including China and India?
122 million young people will join African workforce giving the continent the largest workforce in the world.
Although authoritarian rulers in Africa are an increasingly rare species, what three African authoritarian rulers are identified in your text?
Rwanda’s Paul Kagame, Uganda’s Yoweri Musevani, and Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe.
According to your text, Europeans in the Middle East favored what groups in disregard to centuries-Old Islamic social order?
They favored minorities so as to make them dependent at the expense of majorities.
According to your text, the US-aided overthrow of Moammar Gadhafi of Libya in 2011 led to what bitter outcome for the US?
The overthrow of Gadhafi left al-Qaeda militia in such a strong position that it could attack the US Consulate in Benghazi and kill the Ambassador and three security guards.
According to your text, what have some critics specifically said about Mr. Obama's retreat from military action in Syria and its impact and consequences on conflicts elsewhere in the world?
They claim that his retreat gave Russia a green light in Ukraine, causing armed conflicts in the Eastern Ukraine.
According to your text, what former US official coined the phrase the "indispensable nation?
Secretary of State in the Clinton administration Madeleine Albright.
According to your text, what two word description of "the indispensable nation" does critic Ted Galen Carpenter of the Cato Institute say the entire concept amounts to?
What does your text describe as the most dangerous moment in the Cold War (for the US)?
It was in 1962, after the Soviet Union moved its nuclear missiles to Cuba.
According to your text, what 1964 confrontation between the US and the vessels of another nation sparked major military operations?
A confrontation between North Vietnamese vessels and US warships in the Tonkin Gulf.
How does your text describe the long-term consequence of these military operations described in question 12.9 above?
“Falling domino” principle.
According to your text, last year the Saudi monarchy was so furious at the United States and other world powers for not intervening in Syria that it did what?
It refused a seat on the United Nations Security Council.
According to your text, what official is quoted as saying: "America is not the world's police manterrible things happen across the globe, and it is beyond our means to right every wrong."
According to your text, what widely known political satirist was questioned by authorities for allegedly insulting President Mohammed Morsi and Islam?
Egyptian political satirist Bassem Youssef.
Based on your text, what conclusions can be reached concerning the fate of journalists around the world since 2000?
Many free-speech journalists are being forced into silcnce. Moreover, an ever-increasing number of journalists are imprisoned every year.
According to your text, what country has attempted to keep a "Halal Internet," free of unclean influences and information from the outside world?
According to your text, what American produced a video that sparked deadly riots in the Muslim world in 2010 and 2011 and triggered several riots in predominantly Muslim nations?
Florida pastor Terry Jones.
Related to the freedom of speech which is widely regarded as important in the US, what does your text say about Professor Anthea Butler of the University of Pennsylvania's reminder about other countries' responses to this freedom?
He stated that other nations do not essentially have to understand or accept American culture and values. At the same time he does not question the necessity of the First Amendment.
According to your text, what country is among the most dangerous countries in which to be a journalist where many journalists end up dead, assaulted or threatened for looking into hot-button issues, especially corruption?
According to your text, what Army Pfc. leaked thousands of diplomatic, military and intelligence cables to WikiLeaks on February 28, eventually pleaded guilty to 10 charges making him famous among some on the political left?
According to your text, what country represents the world's most populous democracy?
According to your text, name of the expert who describes the Sunni-Shiite schism after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, as "purely political"?
Bernard Lewis, professor emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton, and Buntzie Ellis Churchill, former president of the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia.