Female Prostitution Annotated Bibliography

Type of paper: Annotated Bibliography

Topic: Prostitution, Sexual abuse, Homelessness, Children, Psychology

Pages: 3

Words: 825

Published: 2019/10/03

Tyler, K., Hoyt, D., and Whitbeck. The Effects of Early Sexual Abuse on Later Sexual Victimization among Female Homeless and Runaway Adolescents. Journal of international violence 15 (3) March 2000 235-250.

The authors Tyler, Hoyt, and Whitbeck wrote this article focused on the risks magnification and victimization approaches. They used path analysis to examine the influence of child and youth sexual abuse. The study involved investigating behaviors and background information on some homeless females and adolescents in different Midwest states. The authors found out that the child and youth sexual abuse have an affirmative direct influence on sexual persecution of adolescence on the streets. They also confirmed that child and youth prostitution raises the possibilities of later sexual persecution indirectly by raising the amount of time at risk, abnormal peer relations, and occurrence of survival sex. The article also discusses on the repercussion of some of the child and youth behaviors that they will carry on to later lives.

The authors further indicated that young females who leave dysfunctional and muddled homes subsequently are described by continued abused on negative growth paths once they are in the streets. The social context of adolescence on the run or streets puts their lives in close range to possible criminals and exposes them to risks of being jailed for street misconducts. The mixture of a negative progression path and increased risks of streets and its surrounding raises these children and youth’s chances of being sexually molested.

Ferguson, K. Exploring Family Environment Characteristics and Multiple Abuse Experiences among Homeless Youth. Journal of interpersonal violence. 24 (2009) 1875-1891.

The author Mr. Ferguson (2009) explores the lives of street females to establish their views on the family environment illustrations and abuse experiences. He used a constant comparative technique to investigate records from in depth analysis with the youth participants. The main objective of the article is to find different from of family characteristics such as instability, desertion, and caregiver abuse. Other discussed issues include child and youth rejection, intrafamilial abuse, caregiver abuse, and condemnation by caregivers. The author applied the grounded theory to discuss on the outcomes and create a practical hypothesis to control future studies of various maltreatments among the children and adolescences.

The author also discussed on various abuse experiences that the youth and children underwent before they decide to seek refuge in the streets. Some of the experiences that the adolescence went through include emotional, physical, verbal, and sexual, discrimination in addition to experiencing familial abuse. The author also examined the factors that catalyzed verbal exchanges and this are substance like drugs and alcohol. He also notes that it is essential to study family environments and abuse experiences of the street children since the main factors causing adolescence to seek refuge in streets and prostitution are family dysfunction and maltreatment.

Philpot, C., Harcourt, C., and Edwards, J. A survey of female prostitutes at risk of HIV infection and other sexually transmissible diseases. An international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of sexual health. 67 (1991) 384-388.

The authors in this article established risk factors for the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), in addition to injecting drug use (IDU), sexual character, and other sexually transmitted diseases in female prostitutes. The authors carried out a detailed questionnaire on adolescence women and tested the results to determine extend of risks to which female prostitute are involved. For close analysis of this article, the author first defined the term prostitution as a person who offers sexual services for money or other material benefits. Then they narrowed it down to adolescence sexual abuse.

In spite of the government’s effort to fight for protection of child’s rights, there are some who still do not see the need to practice that and they are involved in persuading children to participate in street prostitution thus exposing them to a higher risks of contracting the HIV diseases. The authors confirmed that although there is change in character of some adolescence, there still is a quite number practicing prostitution. They therefore, suggest measures that can be used by females to protect themselves against the infections. The measures include extensive use of barrier mechanisms of contraceptives, campaign to prevent the sharing of intravenous needles, close supervision of health of prostitutes, and they finally proposed the use of scientific study on both the practicing male and females to determine the rate at which the disease is spreading.

Graham, Nanette, Wish, Eric D. Drug use among female arrestees: Onset, patterns, and relationships to prostitution. Journal of Drug Issues, 00220426, Winter/Spring94, Vol. 24, Issue 1/2

This article deals with the lives of female arrestees who found rooming the streets with no specific jobs. The authors illustrated various issues affecting adolescence street women. The main factors discussed by the authors are behavioral change and use of drugs. They described in details the information they caught from their interviews with the adolescence and noted that most street women were exposed to several character and psychological problems as well as drug abuse and prostitution. Consequently, most arrestees were high school dropouts and they originated from broken families. The article also deals with various social programs that should be initiated to address child and youth issues living in the streets. The article also found out that most street children follow the footsteps of the mothers. The authors therefore, suggest that street children should be given medical, psychological, and social attention since they are ignorant of what is happening to them.

The authors also confirm that there is close or direct relation between street children’s character and their early lives. The on set of drug abuse is illustrated by the psychological trauma that the children underwent before they finally find themselves in the streets practicing prostitution and other related crimes.

Bullough, Bonnie, Bullough, Vern, L. Female prostitution: Current research and changing interpretations. Annual Review of Sex Research, 10532528, 1996, Vol. 7

Any form of prostitution mainly targets the young females to exploit their innocents. The authors of this article confirm the allegation and continued to discuss on what major challenges are affecting young women to join prostitution. They analyze the trends that prostitution have undergone and found out that the details and information have changed over the years. Prostitution used to be practiced by the elder women but currently that have changed and children and youth dominates the scene.

The authors also illustrated that young women have been forced to work as sex slaves and despite their efforts; they are still underpaid a thing that makes them live in the streets and lead a miserable life. The change in trends has other consequences that make the young women continue living in the streets. Some have even grouped themselves in groups to protect their interests and a team. The authors conclude by discussing the various reasons that tempt females to join the sex industry.

References

Bullough, Bonnie, Bullough, Vern, L. Female prostitution: Current research and changing interpretations. Annual Review of Sex Research, 10532528, 1996, Vol. 7

Graham, Nanette, Wish, Eric D. Drug use among female arrestees: Onset, patterns, and relationships to prostitution. Journal of Drug Issues, 00220426, Winter/Spring94, Vol. 24, Issue 1/2

Philpot, C., Harcourt, C., and Edwards, J. A survey of female prostitutes at risk of HIV infection and other sexually transmissible diseases. An international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of sexual health. 67 (1991) 384-388.

Ferguson, K. Exploring Family Environment Characteristics and Multiple Abuse Experiences among Homeless Youth. Journal of interpersonal violence. 24 (2009) 1875-1891.

Tyler, K., Hoyt, D., and Whitbeck. The Effects of Early Sexual Abuse on Later Sexual Victimization among Female Homeless and Runaway Adolescents. Journal of international violence 15 (3) March 2000 235-250.