Universal protection generally involves taking precautionary measures within health care to prevent infections that can be caused by coming into patient body fluids, open tissues and organs. In this journal, Alison is of the opinion that heath caregivers should be very concerned about their own health while handling patients. It is the biggest kind of favor that they can do to themselves and the community as a whole. He asserts that it is vital to strictly implement and always observe the Universal Precautions. These are known to all health care givers and ignorance plays a big part in the rate of transmission from health care givers to clients. Therefore, the health facilities should make it a culture to observe the Universal Precaution and ingrain the practice within their culture.
For Alison it is important that health care givers consider all patients as infected and thus try as much as possible to not to get into direct contact with their body fluids or open tissues when administering health care. Use of medical gloves and face covers should not be an option for any one handling patients but the only choice available. Health care facilities and health care givers are the custodian of community health and must guard it from within their working environment. They should ensure that infections are not transferred from the facility to the community with them being the carrier group. They are entitled to reduce as much as possible the available routes of transmission of infections from one individual to another and the first individual is the caregiver who interacts directly with a patient who is infected.
Alison categorizes Universal precaution in four types; the standard precautions, the airborne precautions droplet and contact precautions. All these categories reflect on how we handle and interact with the patient or equipment that we meet during our normal routine practices. Alison concludes by saying that all health care givers should show at least a low-level understanding of the basic precautions and that should be visible even to the patients so that they are subsequently involved in the whole thing in one way or another.
Metcalfe Alison (2005). Universal precautions: A review of knowledge, compliance and strategies to improve practice. Journal of Research in Nursing