Annotated Bibliography Elder Adult Care
Chang, H. J. (2009). Preventive Care for Older Adults. AMA'S Journal of Ethics Vol 302, No. 24, 1.
According to this article, the population of older people in the United States at the age of 65 years is expected to be at 20 percent by 2030. The author stipulates that the risk of mortality will be determined by an individual’s ability to carry out daily chores necessary to accomplish basic needs. The author of the article lists some recommended preventive measures that can be carried out on adults and people over the age of 65 years. For instance, vaccinations, screening, and preventive actions such as exercises can be of great significance in preventing diseases of old age.
Michael, Y. L. (2010). Primary Care–Relevant Interventions to Prevent Falls in Older Adults. American College of Physicians, Vol 153, No. 12, 2.
This article states that older people are highly susceptible to falls leading to life threatening injuries. According to statistics, falls among individuals over the age of 65 years were the highest percentage of fatal and non-fatal injuries. The cost of treatment was estimated to be approximately $19 billion in 2000. This was predicted to increase $24.5 billion by 2020. Appropriate knowledge, assessing the probability of risks, and awareness programs are some of the practices that could help to prevent injuries and eventual deaths among the older people.
Waldron, N. (2012). Falls prevention in older adults. Australian Family Physician Volume 41, No.12, 930-935.
According to an article about there are myriad reasons why older people fall. For instance, the author mentions of age, reduced strength of the lower limb, decline in sensory, and comorbidity as the root causes of falls. The author presents various strategies through which older people can be prevented from falls. Intervention on such a problem should be in the form of supplementation of vitamin D to the concerned individuals to avoid falls and fractures. The author also advocates for exercises in order to keep fit.
Gray-Micelli, D. (2012). Fall prevention: assessment, diagnosis, and intervention strategies. Evidence-Based Geriatric Nursing Protocols for Best Practice, 4th Edition, 1.
According to an article by older people are prone to falls as a result of predisposing, multifactorial, and precipitating causes. According to the author, approximately one-third of all older adults in a community fall in their homes, annually. Nursing care strategies have been advocated in order to mitigate falls. For instance, the author calls for assessment of extrinsic risk factors and early corrections for older people. Screening older adults for multifactorial risk factors is also of crucial importance besides providing staff to direct patients. The author also advocates for follow-up and monitoring procedures to ensure patients get the necessary care and safety conditions.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion “Clinical preventive services for older adults”
According to this article the need for preventive measures for all age groups emphasizes on the elder generation in curbing injuries and diseases. Various factors that determine prevention measures in all age groups have been discussed with the aim of providing effective and efficient treatment to all persons. It is important to find the cause of death among all the age groups in order to come up with possible preventive measures for each group set.
First Consulting Group. (2012). When am 64-boomers will change healthcare. American Hospital Association, 3-21.
This article argues those aging baby boomers are up to finding ways in which they will utilize health services, effective. The author mentions that the number of baby Boomer approaching the age of 65 years will double by the year 2030. The greatest challenge, however, will be how to prevent contraction of chronic diseases among these older people. The author advocates for medical and health service intervention during this age as the older people will be more prone to chronic diseases such as diabetes, Arthritis, obesity, and falls.
U.S Department of health and human services. (2013). Older adults. Healthy People, 1.
This article states that the older people over the age of 65 are among one of the fastest developing age groups. As a result of baby boomers turning 65 by 2011, the population of older people has significantly increased. The author states that adults at this age are faced with the risk of myriad diseases like Dementia, Congestive heart failure, Arthritis, and Diabetes mellitus among others. This group of people should be given required injury preventive practices, and suitable care giving.
Andersen, C. C. (2000). Exercise and older patients: guidelines for the clinician. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 318-24.
This article stipulates that exercises are of great importance among the older people. Sedentary individuals are urged to carry out exercises in order to avoid injuries, diabetes, and coronary artery diseases. The author also advocates for exercise because it reduces the chances of falls, improve longevity, increase strength, and improve body composure. Medical and healthcare providers are encouraged to uphold a less sedentary lifestyle for the older people patients in order to prevent possible diseases. According to the author, encouragement of such a life will help improve their health care status and condition.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). Strength training among adults aged >/=65 years--United States. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 25-8.
Strength training among older people helps reduce the risk of falls and fractures. According to the article, strength training among older adults helps in increasing endurance, body fitness, and bone density by improving sensitivity to insulin, and increase muscular strength. As part of the comprehensive physical program, the American College of Sports encourages strength training in order to improve fitness among older individuals. The aforementioned facts underscore the necessity for strength training programs among older adults.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Health, aging, improving and extending quality of life among older Americans. At a glance, 2009, 1-3.
Old people adversely affect the economic condition of a nation. According to this article, the number of individuals with over 65 years and above will double to 71 million by 2030. This will have a strain on Medicare spending and the cost of health care treatment among the older people. The article addresses myriad critical issues in ensuring Medicare spending is cut down. For instance, the imposition of preventive measures such as immunization, intervention on depression, and Caregiving among others, will help mitigate the risks of contracting diseases.
Knickman, J. R., & Snell, E. K. (2002). The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers. Health Service Research, 849-884.
The expenditure for raising older adults over the age of 65 will be a great challenge in 2030. This is as a result of an increased number of baby boomers approaching the age of 65 by 2030. Some of the challenges addressed include demand for more insurance system catering for the older people, keeping the old age people as healthy and fit as possible, and organizing of community services to ensure accessibility to old people.
Whiteman, H. (2013). Impact of aging population 'exaggerated,' say researchers. Medical News Today, 1.
According to this article, the population over the age of 65 is getting younger and is no longer a burden to the economy. Statistics indicate that the population of older adults increased by 6.3 million in the United States between 2000 and 2011. As a result, the government has experienced constraints in demand for health care among the older adults over the age of 65. This is, usually, caused by increased rates of disability and morbidity. An estimate of $83 billion people will be contracted with heart diseases, diabetes, and stroke in developing countries by 2015.
Wiener, J. M., & Tilly, J. (2002). Population ageing in the United States of America: implications for public programmes. International journal of Epidemiology, 776-781.
The ageing population in the United States is anticipated to rise by 135% between 2000 and 2050. The estimated increase in an ageing population is expected to have a paramount effect on the health care and economic condition of the country. Implementation of programs such as acute care financing and retirement income will help mitigate the problem of financial constraint and support among the elder adults.
Day, T. (2013). About Medical Care for The Elderly. National Care Planning Council, 3-160.
This article advocates for screening as a possible way to detect diseases among the elder adults. Screening of diseases should be carried on when the life expectancy level is around 5 years or more. This helps in determining an appropriate preventive measure for the concerned person before succumbing to the diseases. On the contrary, activities such as exercise, having a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking are crucial in preventing diseases. According to the author, injuries faced by adults and older people could be prevented through intervention mechanisms.
Lynn, J. (2013). Reliable and Sustainable Comprehensive Care for Frail Elderly People. The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol 310, No. 18, 1.
This article emphasizes on medical and technological advancements have yielded a significant impact on life expectancy among United States individuals. Medicare and provision of better safety and nutrition has enabled elder people to live for long without major medical complications. Chronic diseases are expected to be rampant among this population besides shortage of medical attendance and doctors in health facilities. As a result, medical and health care advancements will help prevent the old age population from chronic diseases.