The global economy has significantly changed since the mid twentieth century altering the movement of goods as well as services across national borders. Following the end of the First World War, the Japanese and the rest of the major Asian nations changed the global economy by beginning to export goods the West. The changes in have been accelerated by the less expensive optical fiber that ensures wide usage of internet and other communication channels to integrate international business. Markets stretched and following the fall of the Soviet Union more markets emerged in India, Eastern Europe, China and Russia.
With the global economy, businesses are now structured to face other competitors in the global market. They manufacture goods in different nations that are tailored to the local language as well as culture. Information system provides for unique product differentiation. The global economy has enabled the change from simple to complex supply and distribution channels to enable global marketing actions. Global economy operations for virtual companies run 24/7. The outsourcing of service activities has been possible given less expensive professional s, and with relevant education generated by the global economy evolution. The outsourcing and, the 24/7 operations ensure the increase in productivity.
There has been small impact of internationalization of information systems on the computer hardware. It entails the producers of the computer hardware components selling them in global supply chains. The user interface has been localized with ability to display user’s local language, notations, and also the character set. Research aimed at boosting the user interface using Unicode automatic machine translation of English to local languages is being undertaken. For the data component, internalization has provided for applications that transfer information in separate databases to enable the use of multiple languages.
Software localization is the programming of a computer such that it can run in a second language. To localize a computer program, one needs to translate the user interface menu bars as well as commands. Translate documentation, help text, error messages and also diagrams. The various character set sort order require to be changed. For the Asian languages, special issues have to be addressed like the text written from right to left. Translation of a program into a second language is seemingly difficult and therefore it would be better to design a program that is already localized. A single database poses a challenge for businesses that use multiple languages. Distributed database processing is the processing of one database that is available in several locations. Replicated database are several copies of similar data items while partitioned database divides the distributed database into segments. It poses a source of challenge trying to update a replicated data base calling for extremely skilled personnel.
Functional systems are advantageous for several international companies. The independent functional systems are in a position to contain the differences that occur in language, culture as well as businesses. The inherent processes are faced with problems. They normally have a small extent of conflict with cultural norms. It gets hard to form an accurate ‘as-is’ model; having and evaluating alternative process is real an issue. To address the challenges, SOA standards will require to be applied in businesses so as to join services into an integrated cross functional international system.
A supply chain consists of several organizations and amenities coming together to form a network to change raw materials to finished products ready for consumption by customers. The word ‘chain’ is misleading since it implies every organization is only linked to one company from up the supplier down to the customer. The customer is the sole source of revenue in a supply chain.
The international IS management is characterized by bigger and complex systems making it challenging. It is also characterized by greater risk as well as uncertainty. The international information systems development differ from the international software development in that several people use the system making it complex. To understand the complexity, we use the five components. A single data base is cannot handle multiple languages as well as be distribution may call of highly skilled experts to handle the system due to the low speed. Organizing IS resources alongside an organization’s competitive is hard and complicated. The conduction of operations in the various nations and cultures is too complicated. Mahr runs an ERP system that has a central database in Germany accessed by all of its entities across the world. This also applies to the similar computer assisted design software. Since Gera up is a lesser non manufacturing company, it may not require the system nor the software, but rather consider sing Mahr’s strategy.
Gerrefi, Gary. "Organization, Governance, and Development." The Global Economy. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, 2009. 160-180. Print.
"INTERNATIONALIZATION OF USER INTERFACES." Bowling Green State University. N.p., 2012. Web. 21 June 2013.
Kroenke, David M. Experiencing Mis. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.
Padmanabhan,, P, and S. Whang. Information Distortion in a Supply Chain: The Bullwhip Effect,". forhtcoming, 2009. Print.
Pearson. Using MIS, International Dimension . Pearson College Div, 2012. Print.