Zhenhua Liu (2003) Sustainable Tourism Development: A Critique, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11:6, 459-475
This paper presents a critique of the weaknesses evident in past literature on sustainable tourism. The paper explores six crucial issues; forms of sustainable development, the role of tourism demand, the imperative of intra-generational equity, the measurement of sustainability, the role of tourism in promoting socio-cultural progress and the nature of tourism resources. The paper concludes by stating that a systems perspective and application of an interdisciplinary approach are necessary in order to transform research on sustainable tourism to a more scientific level. This source is very relevant and crucial to the topic because it presents a critique on previous literature which sets the pace of expectations from this research. In other words, this source exposes gaps in previous research that this very study ought to fill.
Olsen, Barbara 1997. Environmentally sustainable development and tourism: Lessons from Negril, Jamaica Human Organization. 56, 3; 285.
Using a case of the tourist coastal town of Negril in Jamaica, Barbara Olsen explores the challenges and opportunities of achieving environmentally sustainable development. In a study conducted in 1995, she observes that absence of public policy for planned development has resulted in the Negril community experiencing severe deterioration of its environment. The study showed that advocacy NGOs and the local community had mobilized themselves to manage their natural growth resources with support from international funding agencies. The aim of the management efforts was to build an infrastructure that could sustain the future growth of the region. She also observed that sustainability of the environment in Negril was a concern to hotel managers who sought to pursue “environmentally conscious” marketing strategies. This paper is important for the given topic because it presents community activism in protection of natural resources in order to sustain tourism and enable the tourist attraction regions to handle pressures from increased population, As such, the source becomes an important basis of evaluating sustainability of tourism given social, environmental, economic and ecological concerns.
David N. Zurick. 1992. Adventure Travel and Sustainable Tourism in the Peripheral Economy of Nepal, Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 82(4), 1992, pp. 608-628.
This paper presents a unique aspect of tourism-adventure tourism and relates it to sustainable tourism in unique destinations. The author describes adventure tourism as one where tourists visit some of the world’s most remote cultural and natural settings. These places have little traditional investment in tourism and are very vulnerable to changes initiated by tourists. The paper observes that although Adventure Tourism is growing at a fast pace, its role in economic development of remote places in the world has not been fully comprehended. By analyzing Adventure Travel in Nepal, and placing it within the theoretical frameworks of tourism models and sustainable development, the author notes that Adventure Tourism has the capacity to connect Nepal’s remote frontiers to the global tourism economy. This paper is important because it explore how remote places in third world countries can be sustainably opened-up to the global tourism economy.
Griffin, Tony, with and Harris Rob and Williams Peter 2012. Sustainable Tourism. Routledge.
This book addresses issues and perspectives that are associated with the concept of sustainable tourism development. It also explores the education, accreditation and interpretation of issues and programs involved in sustainable development. The book also uses cases studies of sustainable tourism programs from different tourist destinations such as Africa, South pacific, Australia, South-East Asia, Caribbean and North America. In addition the book explores the challenges industry players and governments are facing in each of the various tourist destination regions. This source is very important because it presents a holistic view of “Sustainable Tourism” in varying tourist destinations. As such, it presents generalizations and recommendations that can be applied to sustain tourism in almost all corners of the globe.