Aitken, C., Roberts, P., & Jackson, G. (2007). Fundamentals of Probability and Statistical Evidence in Criminal Proceedings Guidance for Judges, Lawyers, Forensic Scientists and Expert Witnesses. Communicating and Interpreting Statistical Evidence in the Administration of Criminal Justice , 1(1), 3-5. Retrieved from http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~cgga/Guide-1-WEB.pdf
The article is accurate and relevant in discussing the importance of collecting statistical data in addressing issues in criminal justice and security management researches. The authors agree that a statistical analysis has a crucial and expanding role in criminal justice and security management researches and investigations. All individuals that take part in criminal adjudication should have ability to comprehend and deal with statistical analysis effectively. Security personnel and people that hold strategic positions in organizations need to be well versant with how to carry out statistical analysis.
The article further points out that lack of proper usage of statistical skills have led historical misunderstandings and miscarriage of justice. Many incidences of crime and insecurity due to poor security management have led to many agencies, organizations and nations losing their precious wealth and resources to the dogs.
The article is relevant to the writing of my final research paper because it begins by evaluating the purposes and requirements of criminal justice statistics systems. The uses of statistical analysis are well elaborated and discussed in three major areas: Administration, Planning and Policy research and analysis. The article uses relevant situations that people face in administering justice and ensuring the security by agencies and organizations. The work clearly elaborates the uses of statistical analysis under the main areas of study and operation of criminal justice and security management.. Administration is one area that is shown to use statistical analysis. The article shows the usefulness of statistical analysis by organizations and agencies to organize and monitor activities and resources in an effective way in order to accomplish goals.
The importance of statistical reports in planning is elaborated, showing how such information is crucial at each step of establishing alternative procedures to accomplish some future objectives.
The article also sheds more light on the application of statistical analysis in policy analysis. The author evaluates how such information is important in determining the effect of changes in laws and policies on the criminal justice and security management.
This information was relevant and important in the writing of my final research paper.
The work is of high quality as it gives details on criminal justice evaluation framework. It discusses the meaning of the evaluation of initiatives and programs and goes further to outline the importance of evaluating criminal justice programs and initiatives. The writers did a recommendable work by showing how statistical analysis cannot be abandoned in the process of evaluating Criminal Justice researches and Initiatives. The authors use various methods of statistical analysis in all the steps of developing an evaluation model to be used in researching the relevance of criminal justice programs and initiative.
The article demonstrates the importance of statistical analysis in identifying sources of data, determining sampling methods and size, specifying data collection, finalizing sources of data and planning for management of data. the work further analyses the relevance of statistical methods in reporting strategy and evaluation management. the authors thus acknowledge the uses of statistical analysis throughout the article.
Aitken, C., Roberts, P., & Jackson, G. (2007). Fundamentals of Probability and Statistical Evidence in Criminal Proceedings Guidance for Judges, Lawyers, Forensic Scientists and Expert Witnesses. Communicating and Interpreting Statistical Evidence in the Administration of Criminal Justice , 1(1), 3-5. Retrieved from http://www.premiers.qld.gov.au/publications/categories/guides/assets/criminal-justice-evaluation-framework.pdf
Brown, S. E. (1989). Statistical power and criminal justice research. Journal of Criminal Justice.
Garrison, A. H. (2009). The Influence of Research on Criminal Justice Policy Making.
Junger-Tas, J., & Marshall, I. H. (1999). The Self-Report Methodology in Crime Research.Crime and Justice-a Review of Research. doi:10.1086/449291