Boynton, Emily. "Helicopter Transport Increases Survival for Seriously Injured Patients." University of Rochester Medical Center. N.p., 5 Jan. 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. <http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/news/story/index.cfm?id=3087>.
The article is significant in defining that helicopter transportation of trauma patients is faster and safer than use of ground ambulances. This conclusion is vital in redefining the thesis for this paper.
Carter, Gary, Robert Couch, and Daniel J. O'Brien. "The evolution of air transport systems: a pictorial review." The Journal of emergency medicine 6.6 (1988): 499-504.
In their article, Gary, Robert, and Daniel are mainly determined to analyze the evolution of air transport systems in delivery of medical services. According to the article, air transport for patients started approximately 70 years ago and was carried out through primitive biplanes. These planes were no extensively reliable as they could not fly over some areas such as battlefields. This attracted introduction of air ambulances in 1945, which were believed to be extensively economical as well as useful in saving lives for medical trauma patients.
This article is extremely useful to the thesis as it tackles the issue of transporting medical trauma patients on helicopters. It shows that this is possible and it started some time ago. For example, the article indicates “civilian casualties were being transported by helicopter as regional trauma care developed in the United States.” Also they say “Today aeromedical programs continue to expand rapidly, even as closer scrutiny of their efficacy, cost, and safety are explored. ”This indicates the relevance of this article in development of an extremely outstanding argument in support of the usefulness of helicopter transportation for patients.
The article is beneficial in analysis of the significance of helicopters in dealing with concerns such as accidents. Helicopters should be among the most critical tools among hospitals.
Desmon, Stephanie . "Study: Transport of Trauma Patients by Helicopter Costly but Effective - 04/17/2012." Study: Transport of Trauma Patients by Helicopter Costly but Effective - 04/17/2012. N.p., 17 Apr. 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/study_transport_of_trauma_patients_by_helicopter_costly_but_effective
Although, various authors have approached use of helicopters to transport patients as the most outstanding transport system compared to ground ambulances, they have ignored various negative effects of the practice. The author of this article sites one major negative that people have ignored for a long time. She chooses to analyze the high cost involved in transportation of patients through helicopters as ground ambulances are cheaper. This argument is critically significant in developing arguments on the significance of helicopters in securing patients.
Although the article avoids controversy on the thesis for the paper, the author says “Medical evacuation helicopters — iconic symbols of rapid, lifesaving medical transport in the United States — come at a price, both in terms of financial costs”. This is an indication of the high costs for transporting patients on helicopters. As she tries to compared merits and demerits of use of helicopter transportation, the author says “Even though they arrived at the hospital in worse condition, they ultimately fared better than those transported by ground.” This is counter argument to show the significance of transporting patients by helicopters.
This article is essential in making a conclusion that transporting patients through helicopters is not full of merits only. It has a set of demerits with high cost being the main factor limiting the strategy.
De Lorenzo, Robert A. "Military and civilian emergency aeromedical services: common goals and different approaches." Aviation, space, and environmental medicine 68.1 (1997): 56- 60.
The article is based on the significance of the military in dealing with emergencies as they arise in a community. He has tried to bring forth an argument on how these emergencies may be executed or dealt with in an extremely fast speed. He gives an outstanding example of medical emergencies, which require extremely fast speed to deal with. However, the author does not ignore the negativity of personnel transportation through execution of limiting factors such as crashworthiness and necessary protective measures. This makes the article extremely useful in this analysis.
This article has been reliable following use of exclusive arguments by the author. For example, he says “Personnel should move extremely fast to points of danger to rescue civilians. Helicopters would work best in sorting this problem”. In support for the risks involved, the author says “The Army also places a high degree of emphasis on crashworthiness and protective gear for the crew.” This makes the article extremely fundamental in defending the thesis for this paper.
In conclusion, this article affirms the fact that helicopters have both negative and positive effects when they are being used by the personnel in emergency delivery. This forms the integral reliability of this article.
Hokstad, Per, Erik Jersin, and Terje Sten. "A risk influence model applied to North Sea helicopter transport." Reliability Engineering & System Safety 74.3 (2001): 311-322.
This is an article based on exclusive argument of the safety of helicopters transportation. That article is mainly inclined to development of a coherent argument on the costs involved in the development and maintenance of proper helicopters that would facilitate transportation of goods form one region to another. Authors have come up with excellent argument on the reliability of helicopters in cargo transportation, which is essential in shaping the thesis of the paper. They are in a position to present some merits that go along with use of helicopters in cargo transportation.
This leads to conclusion that helicopters used for cargo transportation are expensive to manufacture but reliable in service delivery. However, this does not guarantee safety as at some point defaults may attract loss.
Kobusingye, Olive C., et al. "Emergency medical services." Disease control priorities in developing countries, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, New York(2006).
This article analyzes various resources that may be used to make medical care easy and reachable to most people. An excellent argument has been brought up by a bench of authors on the bases of excellent research. The article has mainly targeted extension of emergency treatments to the public.
It tries to evaluate the various factors that may limit excellent services for patients such as lack of adequate and reliable personnel, as well as transport of patients in critical conditions to various hospitals where they may obtain critical and reliable healthcare. Therefore, this article is extensively relevant to the thesis of the paper as it supports use of helicopters as a reliable method to save patients from dangers that may arise if emergency treatment was not offered. Authors argue “A study conducted in the United States, which concluded that helicopters were cost-effective, found that the cost per patient transported was US$2,214 and that for every 100 flights there were six survivors more than was predicted on the basis of injury severity
Thus the article will be extremely useful in development of an argument on the significance of helicopters in transportation of medical trauma patients. In particular, the article touches on use of helicopters in airlifting patients in critical conditions as one of the main issues to be addressed by various medical experts.
O'Connell, John . Air Transport in the 21st Century: Key Strategic Developments. NewYork: Ashgate Publishing, 2012. Print.
AIR Cargo transportation refers to movement of freight, express packages, mail and courier bags by air. The author of this book aims at ensuring that people understand the meaning of transportation of cargo by air and what are the main elements being transported. He defend the form of transportation as the most reliable in terms of speed and ability to deliver perishable goods on time. He also considers delivery of elements like mails at a timely manner as a major merit for the method of transportation.
He defends his argument through use of a given data such as “Air cargo accounts for 34.6% of the value of non-land international trade in goods”. This indicates that helicopter transportation of cargo is reliable. He also recognizes some of the goods that may be transported through helicopters. He says “Urgent items such as medical supplies or spare parts also use helicopter transportation”. This analysis forms a critical base of argument on support for the thesis of this paper.
In conclusion, this argument would be significant in identifying the importance of helicopters in cargo transportation as well as proper understanding of various goods that are essentially transported through helicopters.
Tencer, Ben, and J. P. CosGROVE. "Heavy Lift Helicopter Program: An Advanced Technology Solution to Transportation Problems." Journal of Aircraft9.11 (1972): 753-758.
This article is based on the evolution that is being witnessed in the helicopter manufacturing industry. The main element that attracted development of helicopters is lack of proper methods to transport cargo at an extremely fast speed. However, this article has been able to pose a reliable technique that makes it easy to understand the advancement of technology in the transport sector. Specifically the article focuses on advanced technology as the solution to transportation problems.
The article has been supported by extremely critical arguments such as when he says “the Heavy Lift Helicopter System (HLHS) will be used for offloading large cargos”. This means that the technology of helicopter continues to advance in challenge for use of ship in carrying cargo.
In conclusion, this article would be extremely useful in defining the role that helicopters have continued to play in the transport sector. The article works all out to defend use helicopters for various purposes.
Thompson, James. Air Transport of Perishable Products. California: UCANR Publications, 2004. Print.
Thomson has been keen to come up with an argument that closely suits the argument being put forward concerning air transport. He fashions a concrete argument concerned with understanding why air transport is mainly used in the transportation of perishable goods. He gives examples of the forms of air transport that needs to be used in ensuring perishable goods arrive safely. In this regard he gives example of helicopters making it extremely critical equipment for transportation.
As support to his argument, he sites merits of air freight. He says “Air freight allows products to be transported quickly over long distances.” He recognizes that air transport has some demerits compared to other transportation methods. He says “because air transport is considerably more expensive than highway or marine transport, only a small proportion of perishable products that are shipped travel by air.”
This argument is critical in developing an exclusive report on the reliability of air freight in transportation of perishable goods. It gives a conclusion that would be reliable in definition of the significance of helicopter transportation for cargo.
US MILITARY HELICOPTERS. "History of US Military Helicopters." US Military Helicopters. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. <http://www.usmilitaryhelicopters.org/history-us-military-helicopters>.
This article is based on the strength of a military helicopter. The helicopter should be in a position to serve most purposes for military forces. The article is extremely useful in defining the thesis for this paper. It outlines the various purposes for which helicopters may be used in the military department.
In this regard, the article tries to argue on the significance of helicopters in military forces. For example he says “The Huey was used mainly for transporting air cavalry units, medevac purposes and, eventually, for specialized attack support for land infantry.” He later argues “Officially used as a gunship, there is an entire subculture of past Apache pilots dating back to the Persian Gulf conflicts in the early 90's.” This means that there are extreme arguments that can be made in support of the thesis for this paper.
In conclusion, this article affirms the need to understand the various purposes that a helicopter can serve among military forces.