Iliad is described as an ancient Greek epic poem and is traditionally attributed to homer .the poem tell more about the battle known as Trojan War and its events during the weeks of the two regimes. The paper looks at the best sources to find more about this epic poem.
In the book multitextually in the Homeric Iliad:the witness of Ptolemaic papyri, DrBird who is the author tries to bring out the fragmentary papyri which are from the three centuries that were before Christ. This is the old surviving text of the Iliad .comparing the book from other sources where theauthors have tried to dismiss a lot the papyrus as eccentric. They argue out that it differs in some way from other standard publications about epic poem.Dr Graeme bird is an associate professor of linguistics and classics who also has a lot interest in ancient stories and their modern meanings. In this book he tries to argue out that there are variations which areauthentic and reflect of the poems long history that is in form of oral tradition passed among generations. This makes it a better reference with the massive research in Dr Bird’s book that can help to understand the poem from a different perspective.
Travelling Heroes: In the Epic Age of Homer which is by robin lane is also a well compiled source .in this book the tries to the answer some of the questions and starts by pursuing it through the age of homer. Through his life times knowledge on ancient world foxes history tries to explore on how some of the eighth century Greece intrepid seafarers travelled around the Mediterranean and how they encountered strange new sights. Some of these sights are like volcanic mountains, hugebones, and springs and how this helped in weaving all of them into myth of gods, heroes and monsters that much later would become a big part in building western civilization. Also it’s a good source considering the author fox lane is one the best and is an English classist, ancient historian and also gardening writer. He iswell known for his works on Alexander the great and most of his publications have won literary prizes.he has also travelled a lot researching on history about the ancient Greek this makes his work to be more insightful since the epic poem is all about the ancient Greek and the war between the two regimes making the book very helpful.
This is also a good book that can be considered for reference. Thistranslations of the poem focuses on memorable phrases in the poem. The book is filled with very clear phrase and powerful verse .the author tries to pick the words carefully without using modern expressions and translates it from Greek to English with accuracy. The author of this book Robert Fitzgerald’s has won several prizes from the translation of homers masterpiece making it more trustworthy to use for references regarding the poem. FitzGerald’s decision to use purist transliterations makes it effective in understanding the poem more than ever. He also tries to make his work ironic, accessible and faithful making it to stand out of the rest translations since it was published around twenty five years ago.
Homer, Alexander Pope, and John Flaxman.The Iliad of Homer. New York: The Heritage Press, 1943.canbe used for referencing. The objective of the author is to illustrate the Greek poem in the best way possible and identifying the major points like phrases and trying to illustrate them. The author tries his best to convey emotions in a better way making it memorable. This translation would make a good source due to its way of illustration which is easy to understand what the poem is all about .Alexander pope also been a famous writer and been a Greek is able to translate it with out altering ofwords so much .he triesto make it interestingby his attention to details, metaphorandcloser description of characters making it easily understandable. Pope also clearly understands the poem having been in the era closely to that of homer he might be helpful with information about the ancient Greek and what the poem is passing across.
The Iliad translation by Stephen Mitchell
This book tries to recreate the poem with simplicity but leaves the meaning as it is. He tries to make it more understandable by how he recreates the pulsing rhythms of the original copy. The author goes ahead to try the stylistic treatment of aphorisms which gives the reader a more clear picture of the poem and its inner meaning. Stephen Mitchell books become a good reference from her past experience in making old classics thrillingly new. Some of the other books he’s well known for are Tao Te Ching, Gilgamesh and the gospel according to Jesus.The book will also help in getting to understand the metaphors and other characteristics that are in the epic poem noting that the author has been able to cut the verses well into bits and has categorized them making it easier
Fitzgerald, Robert. The Iliad: The Fitzgerald Translation. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004. 632.
Mitchell, Stephen. Mitchell, Stephen. The Iliad. Chicago: Atria Books, 2012. 560.
Pope, Alexander. The Iliad of Homer. The Heritage Press, 1943. 480.
Robin, Fox Lane. Travelling Heroes. New York: Vintage, 2010. 496.
Verheyden, Joseph. Lire demain - Reading Tomorrow. PPUR Presses polytechniques, 2011. 161-181.