Nguyen, Vina and Wu Diana. What is Engineering? A Challenging, Rewarding Potential Career, 2009. Retrieved from http://web.mit.edu/wi/files/WI_Presentation_DianaVina.pdf
According to the authors of this article, engineering entails the application of the principles of science and mathematics to come up with economical solutions to technical problems. Thus, the work of engineers is to connect between scientific innovations and the business applications that addresses societal and consumer needs. Based on this definition, it is clear that engineers perform various tasks. First is the implementation of scientific and mathematics knowledge in their work. Secondly, engineers solve various problems through innovative ways. Lastly, engineers design new products and technology. In general, engineering is associated with various types of work including consulting, modeling, testing, manufacturing, teaching, prototyping, sales, maintenance, analysis, development, research, design, and planning. The authors argue that there are various benefits if becoming an engineer, the most important being a good pay, developing new products, impact on the society, challenging/stimulating, and gaining important skills which could be applied to other jobs.
Engineering is divided into various fields. Some of these fields include mechanical engineering, which is associated with machines that produce power and use energy; chemical engineering, which is associated with application of chemistry knowledge to develop useful products, computer engineering, which deals with production of computer hardware and software; and biological engineering, which entails application of biological systems to develop new technology. Other engineering fields include Aerospace, Electrical, Agricultural, mining and geological, environmental, and architecture.
This document is very crucial particularly in explaining what engineering is all about. From the above summary, the authors have explicitly described what engineering entails, and went a step further to highlight some of the benefits of becoming an engineer. Therefore, the document will become in handy, when researching on the various aspects of the field of engineering.
Dym, Clive,L., Agogino, Alice, M., Daniel, Frey, D., and Leifer, Larry, J. Engineering Design Thinking, Teaching, and Learning. Journal of Engineering Education, 2005. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.olin.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1021&context=mech_e g_pb
According to Dym et al, design is the distinguishing activity in engineering. However, the subject of design in engineering, particularly with regard to curriculum, remains controversial. Various scholars have put forth various definitions of what design is in engineering. Nevertheless, the authors agree that most of these scholars tend to agree that engineering design entails a systematic, intelligent process in which designers create, evaluate, and identify concepts for systems, devices, or processes whose form and function achieve the objectives of users, clients, at the same time satisfying a specified set of constraints.
In this article, the authors have tackled various issues related to design in engineering. Particularly, in addition to examining the historical background of design in engineering, they have also highlighted various dimensions of design thinking, and how challenging it is to learn and practice. Finally, the article explains how engineering design learning could be improved, and at the end highlighting some of the gaps to be filled, through research, in promoting design learning.
Asunda, Paul A., and Roger B. Hill. "Critical features of engineering design in technology education." (2007).
In this study, Paul Asunda explores the significant features in design engineering that can be applied in educational learning activities. In this paper he designs a rubric for analyzing these features. The data incorporated in this article was collected through a semi structured interview, it also involved three proficient professors that actively engage and involve in engineering education. Secondary sources incorporated and examined in this study included engineering course outlines and rubrics. From a phenomenological approach, this study identified the key qualities in engineering design process, the concepts within engineering design, and the key issues that ought to be examined when conducting an engineering design activity in the context of educational technology. The main product of this study was development of a rubric that ought to be used when examining integration of engineering design as a center of technology education.
Arguably, the findings in this paper will help the researcher reflect on iterative processes and the use of optimization and analysis in engineering design. The components presented in this paper should be considered by the researcher as critical and of great significance to both the teacher and the students in technology education. A major implication of this paper is critical thinking. Reflection and critical thinking provides an opportunity for the researcher to apply and develop a continued practice of the apprehended standards for the technical literacy.
The partakers in this study acknowledged that engineering design process is methodical and iterative in nature. Based on this fact, teachers are obliged to seek effective educational background and skills to help their students think and reflect on engineering design and functionality of the solutions to the problems. Remarkably, comprehending engineering design through learning activities guided by the rubric designed for this study will provide an enhanced opportunity for technology education.
Hirtz, Julie M., et al. "Evolving a functional basis for engineering design." Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference: DETC2001, Pittsburgh, PA. 2001.
In this article, Julie argues that all products and artifacts are designed for a reason; there is a purpose behind the existence of any product or artifact function. Functional modeling in this article provides a means for presenting an overall product or an artifact function. Functional modeling is used to provide a strategy for problem disintegration, product architecting, team organization, concept generation and physical modeling. Notably, a formal functional representation is necessary in enhancing functional modeling, additionally, a standard set functional terminology is necessary to achieve credible results from such representation.
Basically, the author of this paper seeks to reconcile and integrate two research efforts into an evolved functional basis. The efforts presented in the paper include research from two United States universities and their industries as well as the national institute of standards and technology. In this paper, the general approach for integrating a functional representation is designed, in relation to the final results obtained.
In engineering design, functional modeling is very significant since it provides a method of comprehending and representing an overall function of the artifact without too much reliance on physical structures. From this research paper, the reconciled functional basis aids one in building foundations for design repositories, design for manufacturing, and teaching tool for training and education. As it has been used in this paper, reconciled functional basis is perceived to evolve slowly towards its maturity. Therefore, the significance of this research results is the addition of new descriptions to the reconciled functional basis.
Notably, the authors in this article integrate processes in relation to their differences, similarities, and the product validation. From the results obtained in this study a researcher is in a good position to obtain more versatile and comprehensive vocabulary. The vocabulary obtained from this research will immensely enhance and boost frontiers of research in engineering design.
Hurst, Ken. Engineering Design Principles. London: Arnold, 1999. Internet resource.
This book by Hurst provides a framework to a efficient and a successful commercial products. This book incorporates creativity, communication at all levels, technical ability and the ability to integrate these attributes together in the quest for success. Arguably, there are no specifics to producing a well devised product. However, there are some proven and tested principles that can be applied and integrated to improve the success factor and efficiency of the final product. This book introduces the key principles to engineering professional and students. These principles draw historical and familiar examples that can be incorporated to the success of the final product.
Arguably, historical perspective of engineering design in this book is used by the author to explain the need for a formal process and thus simplify and outline the complexity of the current engineering. Definitions of complex terms in engineering design are well elaborated and illustrated; remarkably, the duties of an engineering designer are well presented alongside the design process and procedure. In this book, information gathering in engineering is well tackled, the general process of information gathering is well outlined, and sources of information gathering are identified as libraries, journals, patents and databases.
Remarkably, this book will help a researcher gain the fundamental knowledge and skills in engineering design. By incorporating definitions based on the historical development of design engineering, one is in a good position of making credible conclusions on the basis of evidence and research findings. This book will also help a researcher gain insight on how to gather information about engineering design.