The total budget of the United States is comprised of the off-budget and the on-budget. Off-budget are parts of the budget that have trust funds. This is for instance social security fund, and Medicare. On the other hand, parts of the federal budget that operate without a trust fund are referred to as on-budget. A deficit or surplus in the total budget is influenced more by the on-budget than by the off-budget such that, a deficit in the on-budget increases national debt. Much of the history of the history of the United States of America from 1930 to 2011 Continue reading...
Budget Research Papers Samples For Students
Budgeting Analysis And Report Of Massachusetts Research Papers Examples
Budgeting is a crucial aspect of any institution or government’s operations with an aim of enhancing goals and objectives’ achievement in line with specific environment and needs. Thus, budgeting is greatly guided by policies that define the suitable actions in line with set goals and objectives either in response to changing environment or as a way of fostering opportunities’ utilization. In that respect, governments have budgeting planning that is specific to their constituents’ needs and that defines the objective of this analysis which seeks to demonstrate the budgeting process for a State in view of its status and Continue reading...
Good Example Of Research Paper On Healthcare Budgets And Management
The Budget-Building Process
Several steps are involved in this process. The first step is identifying the goals for budgeting. It is important to involve all departmental heads at this stage as they overview the developmental goals for the individual departments. The second step involves a review of the financial status of the organization. This involves a review of balance sheets, previous tax returns, income statements, cash projection and flow, outstanding debts, assets and liabilities. These give an idea of where the current budget starts. The third step involves defining costs. The costs in this step are those associated with the goals identified Continue reading...
Free New Management Accounting Techniques Research Paper Example
A recent research on management accounting culture change established how accounting practices are woven into the cultural fabric of any organization. The study adopted and explored theories of a series of cultural change interventions related to management accounting. The traditional accounting methods involved process costing, standard costing and job-order costing. The evolution of business environment was considered efficient because of its role in the accounting techniques. The new methods labeled as advanced management techniques were considered to provide tools of achieving a competitive edge. They include Kaizen costing, activity-based costing, value-added accounting, cost of quality, strategic management accounting and Continue reading...
Efforts To Reduce The Budget Deficit Research Paper Sample
When the spending and expenditure of the government exceed the incomes the government receives from taxes, then the budget deficit occurs. A budget deficit plunges a country into a state with high public sector debt. Budget deficits have far fetching effects on the economic status of the country. If they become unsustainable, high interest payments and rising bond yields become a common feature in the country. An increase in the interest rates scares away investors who fear losses that may accrue to them when the capital they invest fails to give the expected returns . If they become worse, budget Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Budgetary Analysis
What process do budgetary policies follow? What legislative committee is assigned to each part?
When it comes to budget, most of the people presumed that it is something occurs due to lack in funds. The students usually turn into a budgeting mode to meet their expenses within limited resources. The word budget is mainly taken as the number of instances and perspectives, however, the main purpose of the budgeting is not for specified scenarios such as to manage expenses within tight financial situation but it is for everyone either for rich or poor in a similar manner. Budget is usually referred as the anticipation of the incomes and expenses for a particular span Continue reading...
Research Paper On Policy Implications On Performance Based Budgeting
The Economist (2010) in one of their issues pointed out ‘there is a need for a reinforced central government model, different from any authoritarian or imperative model of the past.’ The global economic crisis revealed to the world that not only markets are subject to downturns, but also public sector. In times of instability government represents the last resort of confidence for its nation. People want to believe that no matter what happens outside of the administrative walls, the political system is solid. Still, the financial crisis did significantly affect public sector as budgets were cut out. It caused Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Pro-Forma Budget
Yes, the company was anticipating for a profitable year. The company had budgeted that the total expenses for the year would be 276,881,596 this was far way below its total revenues which it anticipated would be 542,686,558. This means that the company was planning to get a profit of 265,804,961 before tax and after payment of taxes that were to amount to 46,067,953 it was expecting that there would be a total profit of 219,737,008.
The company is still anticipating for a profitable year ahead this even comes after Continue reading...
Good Applied Managerial Finance Research Paper Example
There are number of things that come under the ambit of financial management, and among them, the name of Capital Budgeting is one of them (Parkinson, 2012). The main perspective of this assignment is to analyze the Capital Budgeting stance with the help of Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR).
Cash Flow Analysis
Initial Outlay = $ 20 Million Equipment
WACC = 5%
Tax Rate = 35%
The cash inflow is mentioned below,
Net Present Value
Net present value commonly denoted as NPV is an important financial tool which is applied to scrutinize the degree of deviation between present value of cash inflows and the Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Omnibus Bill
The Michigan House endorses an anti-abortion bill perceived as the most restrictive bill in the country. This bill proposes that women cannot have an abortion after the expiration of 20 weeks (Benson 740). The reason for this period has been cited that the fetus can feel pain. At the end of 20 weeks one can only prescribe for an abortion in the instance the woman’s life is prone to danger (Benson 740). The Republican Party backs the legislation that provides that doctors will provide abortion-patients with forms. These forms will inform the patients of illegality of abortion and Continue reading...
Applied Managerial Finance Research Papers Examples
How can you apply financial analysis techniques to your own personal financial management?
Financial analysis techniques play a very vital role in financial management of a company or personal finances. They help business to make sound financial and investment decisions geared towards increasing the efficiency of a business as well as sparing business performances. Financial analysis techniques in personal financial management are very crucial in educating or informing a person how to use financial information effectively in order to develop insights and analysis of personal finances. Through these techniques one is able to come up with quality investment decisions then prepare a budget which is a plan which will act as a Continue reading...
The Government Agency Research Paper
The street children force society is humanitarian government agency which tries to get street children off streets in the cold and from dangers found on the streets and put them in fosters homes where they can be taken care off so that they can become better citizens of tomorrow. We also offer relief food and medical aid services to vulnerable streets families who need urgent emergency, we doesn’t discriminate anyone base on gender or race.
The organization has branches all over the major city of the country. It’s also involved in community services projects like provision of Continue reading...
Following The American Psychological Associations Guidelines Research Papers Examples
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
- What is the substitution effect on your consumption of driving?
Because of the new technology, this individual needs to spend less money for the gas and the gas price will be less for him. Thus he can buy more gas with the same budget and then he might want to buy more gas to travel more miles. That is the substitution effect on the consumption of driving.
- What is the income effect of your newly increased fuel efficiency on your budget constraint?
The Budget for the individual is Income=Miles driven X Cost of Gas per mile + Quantity Continue reading...
Example Of Forensic Laboratory Research Paper
There are many issues and details that one has to put in place when dealing with forensic laboratory. The computer forensics lab is designated place either permanent or mobile for carrying out computer based investigations. It is also a collection of techniques, processes ad procedures that are used in collection, storage, analysis and presentation of digital evidence in relation to cybercrime. Building a forensic laboratory is therefore a complicated task. Some of the key issues that one must look out for is the design of the building because it is not a just like any other ordinary structure. The Continue reading...
Capstone Simulation Round 3 Research Paper
The overall strategy for the Chief Information Officer is to maintain the balance in the budget while sustaining the allocated resources for the purposes of the positive decision making involved for the system.
Given the Authorized Software Policy that has been upheld over the time of use by the organization the budget is maintained at a similar level as the previous round by officer in charge. The software permitted for use by the employee or end users, the evaluation, and the criteria for approaching and solving violation penalties are kept at a same level cost.
The Backup operations done Continue reading...
Research Paper On Capital Budgeting Techniques
Investment appraisal or capital budgeting is essentially a finance terminology for process of making a decision whether to undertake a given investment project or not. Therefore, it is a process that is used by the firms to determine whether or not a given investment is worthwhile. Frequently companies will have a number of opportunities and they should measure the potential of these opportunities so as to compare and choose only one or a few of them. It is therefore the responsibility of the organization’s management to analyze the potential projects and then chose the project(s) that look Continue reading...
Car Buying Research Paper Sample
Since I have been interested in the hybrid cars, I opt to select a Lexus 2012 CT 200h model. This has consequently fallen under my consideration due to the fact the car price does not exceed my budget line. I have planned a budget of a price between 25,000 and 30,000 dollars for a new car hence this gives me the optimal choice. Significantly, the starting price of $26,000, according to Car.com also provides the cheapest Lexus model. In addition the car also provides handling and fuel efficiency features and can travel at electric power only Continue reading...
Research Paper On Man Acc DB 3
Management Accounting DB3
Management Accounting DB3
Some people say budgets are not good for control but great for planning. This statement can be interpreted in a broader spectrum within the subject of managerial accounting. It is common practise for accountants to use budgets in the achievement of both planning and controlling. In most cases the role of planning is to outline the number of activities to be undertaken in the pursuit of various organizational objectives. The budget gives the estimates in relation to the outlined activities and is often limited by the amount of capital at the disposal of the organization. On Continue reading...
Research Paper On Capital Budget
Oklahoma City agency
This is the agency in the state of Oklahoma in the USA. As far as population is concerned, the city ranks 30th in the US. This population calls for accurate planning in order to meet the various needs. In order to meet this need, this agency prepares annual budgets for the planned expenditures.
Oklahoma City Budget, Programs & Capital Projects
The budget for this city is $1,027,852,482. The General Fund Budget was USD 400.8 million. The major program that has been proposed under the current financial year is an increase of 40 new police positions. This increase will sum up to 1116 positions Continue reading...
Budget Analysis Research Paper Example
County of San Diego CAFR and Budget for the Year Ended June 30, 2012
The County of San Diego is ranked second as the county having the largest number of people residing in the state of California. San Diego is identified as being part of the Southern border economic region. The region of the southern border is described to be the highly diversified in terms of economic development in the entire state of California. The county is a tourism destination for surfing and the mild and attractive climatic condition. The county of San Diego is regarded as being the in second position in the Cruise ship industry. This industry earns the county Continue reading...
Contemporary Issues In Aging - Ageism Research Paper
Discrimination on the basis of age is termed as ageism. Ageism has been prevalent for a long time in the western society as well as other societies; elderly are commonly being perceived as people of low value (Bowling, 2007). They are also considered to be a significant economic burden to the society; and is often perceived that any medical treatment would not bring much benefits to the elderly individual; and will be of a shorter duration; and that they have already had a ‘fair innings’ in life (Bowling, 2007).
The family, friends, care givers, society, and the policy makers Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Social Marketing Campaign: Animal Adoption
The organizational strengths which my plan will maximises on include, the cheaper cost of adoption of a pet as compared to the buying of a new pet from the breeder and the pet store. The second important strength which i will put more emphasis on is the Piloting since it enables me to determine how my animals and i are progressing in especially the early stages of adoption. Full understanding of the animals before the actual adoption is another strength which i will thoroughly look at in my plan. In order to understand those animals with special needs and Continue reading...
Research Paper On Continuation Of The Space Program
There is currently considerable debate about whether or not the U.S. space program should continue, particularly bearing in mind its huge costs in these times of austerity, when budgets everywhere are subject to severe constraints, from government level down to individual households. Also, because manned space exploration is not without risk (witness the Challenger and Columbia disasters in 1986 and 2003 respectively that cost the lives of all seven crew members in each case), many question whether those risks are justified; what does humanity gain from space travel that can cause the risks to be considered worthwhile? This research Continue reading...
Research Paper On Budgeting
Budgeting is one of the most important parts of financial management. Budgeting allows the management to identify the areas where the company will be making expenses along with identifying cash inflows. Thus it helps the management to analyze the difference between the expenses and revenues and therefore by comparing these two, budget can provide estimated profits that the firm would make. Budgeting therefore helps the management of the firm to make decisions, to analyze the future cash inflows and outflows and thus make decisions accordingly (Besley, & Brigham, 2007).
This report has been divided into three parts. The first part Continue reading...
Research Paper On Egyptian Ethiopian Nile River Dam
What are the impacts on Egypt if Ethiopia builds a dam on the Nile River?Socially, economically, environmentally
In the month of April 2011, Ethiopia made an announcement that it plans to put up four huge dams on River Nile. One among the four dams is the largest dam in the entire world. It is known as the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam which was formerly Grand Millennium Dam or Project X. This large dam is supposed to flood 1,680 km2 of the forested area in the northwest Ethiopia, which borders Sudan and then it creates a reservoir which is nearly two times the size of Lake Tana, Ethiopia’s biggest natural lake. The entire budget, 5billion Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Budget Deficit And Public Debt
The budget deficit and the amount of public debt is an important indicator of an economy. This area of concern has traditionally received much attention. The budget process involves the balancing of public revenues and expenditures. Budget imbalance means quantitative disparity between income and expenditure budget. The excess of expenditure over budget revenues is called the “budget deficit.” The unbalanced budget could lead to the emergence of a surplus, ie excess of income over the expenditure. However, in practice, almost all countries now, there is significant scope for excess government expenditure over income. The result is a rapid increase Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Gross Domestic Product, Government Spending And Exports
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is among the basic indicators necessary for gauging the sustainability of the economy of any given country. It represents the gross value of goods and services that are produced in an economy over a predetermined period. Generally, the gross domestic product is expressed as a comparison to a previous year or quarter. For instance, if the yearly gross domestic product is up 4%, this indicates that the economy has grown equal percentage over the previous year.
The gross domestic product of any economy is measured in two ways. There is the income approach, which Continue reading...
Forecasting And Preparing Financial Statements Research Paper Examples
Advice on how to prepare forecasts for a new fashion boutique for women.
Financial planning and forecasting is a continuous process that assist in allocation and directing business finances in order to meet the vision and goals of business (Lee, 2009). In this new business, Tina needs to have a budget, either in a budgeted financial statement form, or a Pro Forma (Wahlen et al, 2011). There is need for a consideration on the demand and sales forecasts, and other estimates that support the financial plan. There is need for planning on financing the boutique, and for operating the new business.
The first step, therefore, would be to have a strategic plan. Continue reading...
Memo Research Paper Sample
When preparing the project plan, essential considerations have been taken into account to ensure that the project meets the expectations, is within the timeline, does not evidence any waste of resources, and is not over-budgeted. Highlighted herein is the analysis and report of the unplanned changes, the evaluation of the project quality, and the procedures to be implemented in handling change control issues. Also included is how we plan to communicate whether the project is meeting the stated performance and quality objectives.
A management guru once said that "what gets measured gets done" (McQueen, 2009). Measurement reduces the uncertainties. Continue reading...
Financial Planning Research Paper Example
In any given business, budgeting and drawing of personal financial statements is vital in the health of the business, or personal financial status. Whereas some would think of doing away without budgets and personal financial statements since they find it easy to deal with their finances without the two, it would be much easier when one budgets and draws their personal financial statements.
Budgeting is important as it puts you in full control of your finances. with proper budgeting, you can avoid unexpected overspending, running short of cash when you most need it and you will cover Continue reading...
Research Paper On Budget Checklist - Clinical Research Operations
The preparation of a budget
The preparation of a clinical trial budget is a team based undertaking that not only requires the input of those who are conducting the study but also consultants (Benson, 2009). Coming up with a budget entails the consideration of three types of costs: direct costs, opportunity costs and indirect costs. The direct costs are the costs that are specifically related to the study that is being conducted (Woodin, 2004). Indirect costs are the costs are used for the facilitation of the necessary infrastructure for conducting the study. Examples of indirect costs are rent, internet charges and insurance. Opportunity costs Continue reading...
Example Of Planning A Family Vacation Research Paper
Specific purpose: To give the audience an insight into some of the factors to consider when planning a family vacation.
Central idea: Planning is core to the success of a family vacation and all important factors should be taken into consideration.
There is a misconstrued concept that little or no planning is required when going out on a family vacation. Most individuals assume that things would fall into place in the course of the vacation. However, this assumption, or lack of planning thereof, leads to a disastrous vacation. Planning is an essential prerequisite of a successful vacation. The main reason for a family vacation is to bond; in a fun way. It would thus be a major setback should Continue reading...
Example Of Health Policy Research Paper
Health Reforms: Home Care Reforms in Canada
The Canadian health care system has undergone several reforms in the last decade. In 2001 the Prime Minister instituted “The commission on the future of healthcare in Canada,” commonly known as the Romanow Commission. The Romanow report recommended improvements in primary care, home care, catastrophic drug coverage, Aboriginal health among others. Expansion of home-based care services such as palliative care, post-acute patient management and mental healthcare featured prominently among the proposed home care reforms. Accords by ministers have also backed home care services and increased funding to this sector. This paper presents the Home Care reforms at the national Continue reading...
Research paper on capital cost
Assignment 3: Crunching the Numbers
1. Use Excel, or another suitable program, to calculate Payback Period for Option A, Internal Rate of Return for Option A, Net Present Value for Option A, Payback Period for Option B, Internal Rate of Return for Option B, Net Present Value for Option B
Capital Budgeting techniques allow organizations to evaluate their long-term investments and to determine whether they are worth pursuing. The most common capital budgeting tools are the payback period, Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of return (IRR) (Hansen, Mowen & Guan, 2009).
Payback period refers to the time necessary to recover the money invested Continue reading...
Budgeting And Public Administration Research Paper Sample
Public transparency is important in that there is increase in the level of trust from the public. There are various ways of understanding and demonstrating public transparency one of which is the ability of the public to know who is responsible for what act within the government. In this research paper, the learner takes a closer look at budgeting in the office of the president. Specifically, there will be focus on four select departments within the national budget. This will include the U. S. Coast Guard, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, U. S. Secret Service and Continue reading...
Research Paper On The Effects Of The Farm Bill
Public policy in the United States refers to legislature on the production, distribution and selling practices of food products. Ever since the Great Depression, the federal government came up with regulations known as the Farm Bill that would assist the farmers by increasing and stabilizing their farm earnings (Godwin, Mishra and Ortalo- Magne, 6). Over the history of the country, the government has used two tools, price supports and price control to ensure that the income of the farmers is not adversely or negatively affected.
There are different kinds of farm subsidies that a government can provide for its Continue reading...
The Historical Significance Of The Us Landing On The Moon Research Paper
The Historical Causes of the US Lunar Projects
The United States and the Soviet Unions at this period in history were the world Super Powers. The two countries were engaged in the Cold War trying to dominate each other. There were three events that occurred that caused the United States to launch into lunar projects. In the year 157, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik 1 which was the first artificial satellite in the outer space. The launch of the satellite caused quite uproar in the United States as it felt that the Soviet Union was advancing in technology at a higher speed (Spudis, 2010). The event Continue reading...
Research Paper On Budget Deficit And Its Impact In The Economy
Budget Deficit and its Impact in the Economy
Every government has a budget of its sources of income and expenses. Yearly, the budget is reviewed and a new one is rolled out. The government may either have a budgetary surplus or deficit. A budget deficit occurs where the expenditure of the government exceeds the revenue that it has collected in a certain period. There have been arguments by different scholars on the adverse and positive effects of budgetary deficits on the country’s economy. I will highlight the positive and negative effects of the budget deficit and the Continue reading...
Capital Budgeting Research Paper Samples
The decisions that the management makes regarding capital investment and financial management determines the success of any corporation. In essence, the management should make the investment, financing, and dividend decisions carefully to facilitate the maximization of the shareholders’ wealth. Ideally, sound investment decisions ensure that the firm utilizes the existing investment opportunities well. Additionally, sound financing decisions make sure that the firm has necessary sources of fund to use in its investments. What is more, sound dividend decisions ensure that the company retains enough earnings to distribute to the shareholders or use in future investments. The decisions about the Continue reading...
Good Example Of Canadian Health Care System Research Paper
A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Provincial Health Services
Canada along with several other countries follow a public health care system that takes care of all basic health care services required by its citizens. The health care system of Canada has undergone a lot of changes since its conception. Several reforms have shaped the current health care system to turn out as a publicly funded system. The health care system is a provincial responsibility and is comprised of ten provincial and three territorial plans. The entire system is known as "Medicare" to Canadians. Despite various reforms, the main motto of the health care system has remained the Continue reading...