According to sociological and criminological studies, social problems, namely poverty, race, and punishment are interconnected. Different scholars have developed five core arguments regarding the interconnection of these problems. The first is that criminal victimization and sanctions perpetuate stratification and poverty. The understanding of this argument requires an exploration of the current trends in criminal punishment by poverty status and ethnicity. It also demands an examination of how victimization patterns vary across races and how sanctions affect future chances at life. Criminal sanctions are usually inflicted by a state; however, the determination of the severity of the sanctions needs justification ( Continue reading...
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Punishment Research Papers Samples For Students
Death Penalty Research Paper Example
DEATH PENALTY 2
The main aim of this research is to depict history of the death penalty from its evolution and to show the role of it nowadays. A comparison of old and modern methods of execution reveals the movement to human and democratic world. The ancient death penalty can be characterized as one of the most cruel and varvarous methods. The execution in the Middle ages is also inhuman. Today, the society undergones transformation and develops of painless means of execution. Specifically, this paper considers such kinds of execution as burning alive, decapitation, hanging, boiling in oil, Continue reading...
Corporal Punishment Research Papers Example
Corporal punishment refers to the intentional infliction of physical pain with the aim of correcting or disciplining. Additionally, the corporal punishment can be administered. Many nations seem to be moving from this habit, however, some critics believe that corporal punishment should de embraced. For instance, in the United States there 19 states, which are still practicing it, while 30, have banned it completely. This essay seeks to examine the corporal punishment in the 18th, 19th centuries, and in some abolitionist circles.
Corporal Punishment in 18th Century
As a point of departure, the history of the corporal punishment dates back as early as the Continue reading...
Good Guillotining, Drowning, Burning Alive, Throwing To Be Eaten By Predators, Cutting Research Paper Example
Is the Death Penalty Ethical?
In modern society, the optimal penalty is considered to be in conjunction with the reformation and social rehabilitation of persons who have committed a crime. In this context, the death penalty is an extreme measure of punishment that is only a punitive penalty. It is only punitive, because the death penalty cannot lead to one of the main purposes of punishment that is reeducation of a person that has committed a crime.
Death penalty that is also called capital punishment is deprivation of life as a punishment by the state for committed crime. Can be institutionalized by the state Continue reading...
Capital Punishment: An Inquiry Into Policy Decisions In The United States Research Paper Examples
- History and Concepts
Capital punishment is a form of punishment whereby the life of the individual being punished is taken away. It is derived from caput that is a Latin term meaning ‘head’. This term is also used in allusion to death by decapitation according to Sarat (12). Currently, the term applies to all the executions that have been sanctioned by the state. The procedure of decapitation is still practiced in some countries in the Middle East for certain offenses. Other terms referring to this procedure include lethal injection, electrocution and facing a firing squad. There Continue reading...
Capital Punishment And USA Research Paper Samples
Informative Speech on Capital Punishment in the US
Capital punishment or death sentence is the highest punishment in the world, some say it’s wrong to end a life but according to some criminals who play with other’s life should be dealt with appropriately.
United States of America is one of the four democratic industrialized countries that still practices Capital Punishment. In United States, it is a legal sentence in 32 states but before deceleration of independence, it was enforced in all colonies. There are currently 18 states where Capital Punishment is not practiced.
There were many methods of Capital Punishment used but nowadays Lethal Injection Continue reading...
This Section Provides The Statement Of The Problem Being Studied Research Papers Example
This segment will give a brief summary of the whole research paper. It has to be around 150 to 300 words.
(0-2) Table of Contents_____
2. Chapter 1 – Introduction
This section provides a brief introduction about the concepts of the topic that is being discussed, and this is the case it is the cost effectiveness of the capital punishment. The last sentence of this section typically ends the statement of the thesis. (Capital Punishment will always be a debated issue. Even though exploration has shown that a few U.S. States still abolish Capital Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Lethal Injection: The Least Disturbing Method Of Execution
[Date (January 1, 2014)]
Ending a guilty person’s life licenses no one to be cruel. All the more so, when the clearest most certain evidences leading to a verdict are still at scope for human error. These odds of innocence were enough to entitle a degree of respect to anyone. Those people who stand as witnesses to an execution, such as the relative of the victim and offender, the prison staff, and sometimes assigned journalists, come from distinct perspectives. Nonetheless, a good person would not look forward to see someone break a neck, as in the case of Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On What We Can To Do To Make Orange County Prisons More Rehabilitative
The United States has a serious prison problem, and the problem is not the prisoners. The US locks up its citizens at rates higher than the rest of the world. Statistics show that time spent behind bars is not always effective in rehabilitating prisoners. One study showed that prisons were “failing to deter repeat criminals in 41 states” (Johnson, 1). California was included in this study as a state not doing a good job in rehabilitating criminals. In Orange County, the same problem exists. Orange County needs to reassess its prison system and find a way to do a Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Operant Conditioning In Criminal Justice
Theories of Behaviorism and Operant Condition or Learning
Theories of behaviorism relate to principles that seek to explicate behavior in terms of overt or observable actions and responses. Behaviorism is essentially defined by the theories proposed by John Watson and B.F. Skinner, which highlight the stimulus and response mechanism as a way to observe and understand human behavior. Behaviorism highly values observable behavior because it is a manifestation of internal behavior that is measurable and may easily be recorded (Nevid, 2012). Behaviorists such as Watson and Skinner argue that the observable and measurable nature of overt behavior makes it an essential and reliable gauge of human behavior. Continue reading...
Free Research Paper About Prison Privatiztion: Profits From Justice
Overcrowding and scarce resources are among the most persistent problems besetting the correctional industry across the world. One approach being considered is privatizing prisons so governments can redirect resources to other areas in the society. The paper seeks to discuss this approach and establish the utility of such a practice.
Prison Privatization: Global Trends
Handing over operations of prison facilities to the private sector is a disturbing trend that is slowly becoming more and more commonplace as nations are aggressively looking for ways to reduce their spending. Though private sector businesses are recognized for being strict in adhering to efficient operations, Continue reading...
Exploring The Gap Between Child Abuse And Parental Discipline Research Paper Examples
‘Parental discipline’ and ‘child abuse,' what comes to mind when considering these two terms? Let us establish a definition. Parental disciplines are the techniques that every parent employs in order to make sure that their ward establishes proper boundaries. It may involve emotional punishments like scolding and expressing disappointment, and physical reprimands like spanking, slapping, shoving, and the list goes on. So what then is child abuse? As most reasonable people would consider, child abuse is a form of punishment that is pushed too far, such that it causes distress to the child. Where giving Continue reading...
Free The Argument For Capital Punishment Research Paper Example
(Student’s Full Name)
“Capital punishment is as fundamentally wrong as a cure for crime as charity is wrong as a cure for poverty.”—Henry Ford
“I think capital punishment works great. Every killer you kill never kills again.” –Bill Maher
The above statements reveal the strong and opposing views which many individuals have on the topic of capital punishment. Some persons contend that it is unnecessary and inhumane. While others, like myself, posit that capital punishment is necessary for a fair, just, and civilized society which do not want to worry about the threat of a convicted murderer Continue reading...
Example Of Nameprofessortitledate Research Paper
Death penalty in decline
Man is a social animal. Man is distinct from the other animals on the basis of his ability to make a distinction between good and evil. He has been committing mistakes and sins which we refer as crimes in many cases.
Of all the crimes known to us today, the first crime was done by Cain when he killed his brother Abel. As the societies kept evolving, they figured out ways for their progress as well as frameworks of law to keep the people content and to ensure that no one exploits or hurts other by doing crimes.
Creative Sentencing Research Papers Example
As we all well know, the jails are becoming more and more crowded with each passing month, and it has gotten to the point where putting a criminal in jail is not an option anymore. Ultimately, judges as well as other officials are aware of the limited capacity of the jails not just in their jurisdiction, but in others outside of their own as well. Some criminals or even first time offenders feel relieved at the fact that they can get away with murder, and no one can stop them. If they are stopped then they are instead let Continue reading...
Capital Punishment Research Papers Examples
I remain fascinated with the idea of when the first recorded law of capital punishment exists in history and why some Western countries still impose this legal answer to the evil people do unto one another in the 21st century. This academic investigation provides an excellent opportunity for pursuing and answering my inquiry of the first recorded historical documentation of capital punishment as a legal finding for a person found guilty of a crime and exploring the arguments why, in particular the United States – a great Western democracy continues imposing this form of punishment in some of the 50 Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Death Penalty In The United States
The death penalty in the United States is absolutely a complicated idea – the notion of sending someone to death for their crimes is considered, by many, to be an outdated notion that was thrown out along with the stockade. At the same time, there is still a great deal of public support for the policy as a means of deterring crime. When contemplating the prison costs and the problems present in the criminal justice system, it becomes a bit more obvious that the death penalty is not a economic or even moral idea. Because of the divided amount of Continue reading...
Good Example Of Research Paper On How Did Poe's Tragic Life Compare To His Literature
Edgar Allen Poe was a great storyteller and one of the most important fiction horror story writers of his age. He was also credited with inventing the detective story when he came out with his Auguste Lupin character that was based in Paris and is rather a forerunner of Sherlock Holmes. In fact three of the classic Dupin cases; ‘The Purloined Letter’, ‘Murders in the Rue Morgue’and ‘The Mystery of Marie Roget depict three classic situations which continue to affirm the point that Poe was the father of the detective novel. However this makes us observe the clarity Continue reading...
Corporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children Research Paper Sample
In the United States, corporal punishment is still a contentious issue. Many different groups have done research on the subject, and the issue has been thoroughly investigated from a variety of different angles. Corporal punishment is generally considered to be acceptable in the United States, although in other countries it may be more acceptable or less. For instance, in Europe, some regions still have cultural mores that accept corporal punishment of children by their parents or guardians as acceptable; others, like the Scandinavian countries, for instance, have a nearly zero-tolerance policy insofar as corporal punishment of children Continue reading...
Death Penalty In Texas Research Paper Samples
The death penalty in Texas has long been a controversial issue – the idea of putting someone to death for their crimes is thought, by some, to be an antiquated idea that went out with the stocks. However, there is still significant public support for the measure as a deterrent. When considering the prison costs and the flaws inherent in the justice system, it becomes somewhat clearer that the death penalty is not a cost-effective or ethical measure. Given the non-unanimous level of support for the death penalty, as well as the possibility of executing innocent citizens who have been Continue reading...
Example Of Corporal Punishment In Schools Research Paper
This paper aims to argue regarding the effectiveness of corporal punishment. Students are considered the future of a nation. They are the milestone of the society; therefore, it is important to give sufficient attention to their needs and problems. Without proper development of children, it is not possible to develop the society (Zolotor pp. 229). The overall development of children and students requires cooperation of both parents and teachers. The proper development of children requires supportive peer environment, effective classroom environment, and an expressive family environment. The school environment has a significant impact on the emotional and personal development Continue reading...
Death Capital Punishment Research Paper Examples
Capital Punishment is the highest form of punishment wherein the law offender who was accused of committing grave offense will be convicted and faces death as a penalty of the crime. Many convicted felonies are on death row and just waiting for their sentence to be executed. The Capital Punishment is legal in some of the States and not being implemented country-wide. The capital punishment, also known as death penalty, has different execution method as well as crimes subject for each State, which have also been changed through the years. The capital punishment in The United States has some Continue reading...
The American Way Of Death Penalty Research Paper
Death penalty, being preserved within the U.S. legal system, has repeatedly become a highly controversial subject in terms of international law-, the U.S. statutory and case law- and ethics-related discourses. For the purposes of future discussing this issue, we would like to state that, in my mind, preserving death penalty in the U.S. system of punishments contradicts international legal and ethical norms. To be more precise in legal terms, death penalty is the punishment, aimed at taking away person’s right to life, which is considered to be most important basic human right.
In the U.S. the usage of Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Operant Conditioning Background And Practical Implications
Operant conditioning refers to the process of behavior learning in which an individual receives external stimuli that can affect learning outcomes. The term was first used by Skinner, even though Watson and Thorndike already understood the procedures of operant conditioning, with the exception of continuous stimuli that were first applied by Skinner. The five procedures that explain the types of stimuli that can affect human behavior include positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, negative punishment, and extinction. In practice, operant conditioning is used to teach behavior to children, modify behavior in psychotherapy patients, and eliminate old or introduce new Continue reading...
Research Paper On Research Contemporary Arguments For & Against Capital Punishment
Write a paper discussing the relationship between these arguments and at least two or more of the arguments presented in your text:
Death sentence is simply, a lawful killing inflicted upon the criminals/convicts. The capital punishment, in the form of death penalty, is an age-old phenomenon and has been in vogue in America since 1608. Prescription of death sentence is evidenced in the Bible for the crimes like murder, kidnapping, witchcrafting and other heinous acts. Incidentally, the death penalty exits in military and federal crimes of spying, espionage etc.
Principally death as a capital punishment is awarded to murder Continue reading...
Example Of Death Penalty In The USA Research Paper
Research question is whether preserving death penalty in the USA is still possible under modern legal and ethical norms.
Our thesis is that preserving death penalty in the U.S. system of punishments contradicts international legal and ethical norms.
It seems to be impossible to state that the project is started from scratch without author’s bringing his personal ideas, beliefs and assumptions to the table. Our prior belief is that death penalty is a type of punishment, which contradicts basic provisions of all world religions, international ethics and law. To be more precise in legal terms, death penalty is the punishment, aimed at taking away person’s right to life, which is considered to be most important basic Continue reading...
P R I S O N Research Paper Examples
Written by name .
With the natural progress and development of human society arose the necessity of its better organization. States were established, appeared towns in which the people started to organize their personal and social life. They started not only to produce food and goods but also started to exchange them. The private property appeared the basic form of property and arose the need to preserve it. There were established rules and norms of personal and social behavior. There were determined rules for exchanging goods, marriage, public behavior etc. Human life attained importance.
Because when there are Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Goals Of Correction
Retribution is a penalty enforced on a criminal for an offence. It is designed to provide some form of compensation to the victim while at the same time punishing the offender (Johnston, 2007). The idea behind retribution is not to rehabilitate the offender but also to make them pay for the wrong committed.
The appropriate type of sentence is fines.
The rationale behind it is that once a criminal is punished, even if an offender is really sorry for the wrong committed and has assured people that he has changed and will never repeat the mistake, punishing them will make them feel the consequences of their Continue reading...
An Analysis Of The Principal Objectives Of Punishment Research Paper Examples
USA Correction System
The principal objectives of punishment in the correction system of America are to prevent crimes and although it has the right objectives they are not working. The only objectives that work are incapacitation and deterrent and they only work because the culprits’ ability to commit crime is taken away.
Analysis of the Principal Objectives of Punishment within the USA Correction System
It does not matter how small a community is, one of the first item on its agenda after choosing its government, is an institution that represents law and order. In the United States there are different branches of the judiciary system; however they share the same Continue reading...
Capital And Corporal Punishment Research Paper
Corporal and capital punishment were, and in many parts of the world still are, part of legal processes. Corporal punishment is a form of physical punishment that involves the purposeful infliction of pain for a crime. Capital punishment is the legal process where someone is put to death as punishment for a crime. The pain inflicted in corporal punishment can take on many forms; some examples include, paddling, whipping, flogging, and other forms resembling torture. Capital punishment on the other hand, involves the judicial sanction of killing and can be accomplished by, hanging, crucifixion, drowning, beheading, firing squad, lethal Continue reading...
Corrina Wycoff Research Paper Examples
Abolishing Death Penalty
Thesis Statement: Death penalty should be abolished because it is unconstitutional for violating the right to life and has not been proven to effectively deter crimes.
In the book of Evan J. Mandery entitled “Capital Punishment: A Balanced Examination”, he argued that death is indeed a grave punishment because the calculated killing of a human being by the State is considered as a denial of the executed person’s humanity and the right to life (Mandery 167). Compared to an offender who is imprisoned, he or she does not lose the rights guaranteed under the Constitution. The imposition of Continue reading...
Death Penalties For Juveniles Research Paper Sample
Death Penalty for Juveniles:
The application of death penalty for crimes committed by child offenders is strictly prohibited under the international human rights law. Still, there are several nations using this law and are executing juvenile offenders. As against the total number of executions conducted globally, executions of juvenile offenders are few.
The infliction for the death penalties for juveniles, and the number of nations applying it, have been gradually reducing over the past decade. Further, the practice of the execution of minors at the time of their crime has been directly opposed and prohibited by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Continue reading...
Argument For Incarceration Of Nonviolent Drug Offenders Research Paper Examples
The United States has the highest use of incarceration; which is attributable to incarceration of non-violent offenses. Non-violent offences are those that involve public disorder and drug abuse without any harm actually being inflicted on a victim. It has always been argued that incarceration of non-violent drug offenders in the U.S.A has resulted in an unwarranted high prison population and consequently high budgetary allocations to prison departments in order to meet the cost of maintaining the high population of prisoners at the expense of more pressing needs. However, incarceration of non-violent drug offenders is a necessary evil needed to Continue reading...
Research Paper On The Death Penalty
Thesis: The Death Penalty is not fair because innocent people are convicted, some have been almost executed, some have been executed and exculpatory evidence was discovered post execution and some have been executed despite of exculpatory evidence. The high cost of prosecuting Death Penalty cases reflects this.
INTRODUCTION I In spite of far reaching ramifications many states in America still apply and carry out the Death Sentence.
A. The Death Sentence is obtained and carried out inconsistently.
B. Death Sentence cases cost much more to prosecute than those of life without parole because of the finality of the sentence.
II Death Sentence cases create situations where innocent people can be executed, or wait for years on “Death Row” for Continue reading...
Example Of Jones Homicide Case Study Research Paper
The most publicized and sensational violent crimes that have been committed recently, such as the attack on the children of Newtown, Connecticut and the shootings at the Batman movie screening in Aurora, Colorado, have been committed by persons who appear to be mentally ill and perhaps additionally suffering from drug addition. The significant overlap between mental illness, drug addiction, and violence is well documented and thus the criminal justice system has put resources behind trying to solve this problem with programs such as drug and mental health courts (Rossman, 2012). In contrast, persons with mental retardation, also known by Continue reading...
Research Paper On Probation In The State Of Georgia
According to Georgia Code of Conduct, the criminal procedure state that an individual can be subject to life without parole, life imprisonment, or death penalty. However, if he/she pleads guilty of misdemeanor or felony, the judge is entitled to fix the sentence of the number of weeks, months or years within the limits prescribed by law as a punishment of that crime. The judge is entitled to suspend or probate all or part of the sentence consistent with the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 8 of Title 42. Additionally, the judge also has the authority to revoke the Continue reading...
Social Status And Punishment Research Paper Examples
Over the years, punishment has been used as a form of deterring crime. Many of the deterrence theories have always been implicit in writings about punishment for decades. The origins of deterrence theory can be traced back to centuries when the death penalty was imposed often and for many offenses, some of which were quite trivial (Fagan & Meares, 2008). As such, deterrence theory came about when societies for the first time felt the obligation to offer rational justifications for the use of death penalty while rejecting other forms of judicial violence such as stoning, torture and the like. According Continue reading...
Research Paper On Prisoner Mistreatment
In One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Solzhenitsyn, Shukhov, the main character, experiences many hardships while held prisoner in a Stalinist labor camp in 1951. The prisoners' intense labor in subzero temperatures is punishment that is hugely unjust and inhumane.
For example, on this particular day in the book, he is feeling sick and is threatened with three days in the hole. Piling unjust punishment onto people who are already prisoner of a long hard sentence is just savage employment of power by the Soviet officials. Though mistreatment of prisoners occurs in work camps and prisons Continue reading...
Death Penalty Economics Research Paper
Death Penalty Economics
The death sentence is one of the most extensively discussed and researched topics. A death penalty is also known as capital punishment. It is a judicial sentence where a criminal is put to death after being found guilty of a heinous crime like murder. During the ancient times, the death penalty was allowed and practiced by most countries. Its existence can be traced back to the eighteenth century in the code of King Hammurabi who strongly believed in capital punishment.
The debate on the death penalty has led to the development of two schools of thought. There are Continue reading...
Criminology Research Paper
In the past few decades, crime has increased in the whole world. Researchers have found criminal activities to be associated with increasing costs in combating these crimes. National governments are spending increasing on the mechanisms they put in place to combat crime (Press Kit, 2000). These governments have deployed increased number of police, prosecution officers, courts that try offenders and correction units such as prisons. However, developing countries have recorded higher rates of crime; spending up to 14% against 5%spent by developed countries. Nevertheless, this increased spending has not achieved equivalent results in reversing crime or reform offenders. Continue reading...