The twentieth century saw – for the first time ever in the USA – a majority of the population living in cities compared with rural locations. This essay examines the reasons for that phenomenon, to evaluate whether that shift in demographics should be considered as a positive trend, or the reverse.
Factors Affecting the Change
The Great Depression. In the 1930’s the Great Depression had a more significant impact on rural areas than in the urban centers of population. Many farms and other rural businesses failed, their problems exacerbated by droughts in that same period, forcing the occupants to relocate to cities, where it ...