Certainly, the People's Republic of China is one of the last major global countries that utilize the Bolshevik model and democratic centralism of the communist party. The revolutions that took place in China have tremendously affected the political, economic, and social development in china. The revolutions that took place and china and the Soviet has various differences. The revolution in Russia was perhaps, characterized by revolts against a king Ruling Tsar; the revolt was brought on when WW I ended. On the other hand, the Chine revolution was closely related to a civil war. The related for of civil war was with the Peasant Mao Army fighting with Chiang-kai’s Nationalist Army (Schurmann, 1973 p165-169). Certainly, Russian Revolution took place after the First World War, while the Chinese revolution sparked up before the end of WW II. Additionally, Chinese Revolution was firmly recognized by the western nations and became tremendously scared of communism. On the other hand, the government recognized Russian Revolution.
Arguably Mao and Lenin thoughts differed in various ways. As a matter of fact, Mo was a Chinese theoretician and communist politician, who led the CCP (Chinese Communism Party) since 1935 to 1976. He thousands adapted communism ideologies to Chinese conditions. Perhaps, he stressed the importance of rural based revolutions rather than revolutions based on urban in Asia (Chaurasia, 2003, p30). The thought was aimed at reducing the differences that existed between rural and urban. This move could prevent the coming out of new elites in society. Furthermore Mao a mass line of leadership forms, as well as mobilization of people using economic, political, and social movements.
On the other hand, Lenin was a prolific writer and erudite thinker. He is credited for theoretical changes and flexibility in revolutionizing the working class. Most of his thoughts employed Marxist philosophy. In fact, this philosophy guided his thoughts in understanding consciousness, revolutionary process, as well as class relation (Shambaugh, 2009, p10). His insights on various imperialism and national liberation are still crucial in understanding capitalist political and economic developments today. Additionally, Mao and Lenin differed in their thoughts on how they handled the laws. Mao believes that the peasant will revolve when they are fed up with various oppressive systems, while Lenin asserts that it is the working class who will rise and advocate for their rights in terms of pay (Schurmann, 1973, p 165).
The changes have contributed to various success and challenges in china. The changes in the thoughts have developed pragmatic strategy in the communist party, especially in handling wealth and property. The changes and approaches used in china was in the past harsher. The thoughts of Mao and Lenin created many unsolved issues in china today; in fact, the differences that exist between the rural and the urban. These institutional issues continue to threaten social, economic, and political growth of China. Additionally, the revolution in china that was linked by Mao is dedicated to developing egalitarian social condition.
The revolutions that took place in China acted as a boost to the economic and social changes. Individuals, despite the hardships and bad leadership, could still advocate for their freedoms and rights. China is among the most developing nations in the world, and most of its development depends on the pat thoughts and ideologies (Chaurasia, 2003, p 36).
Analytically, the economic boom and stability in China is only limited to the coastal region, yet in the rest of the regions experiences some poverty level. Just like the past, the minorities in China have the potential to rise against the Beijing rule. Another issue is that the new economic stable, individuals could demand economic and political freedom.
Perhaps, t is imperative for the government of China to maintain this potential cause of instability. The gap between the rural and the urban need to be reduced. The pressure from the public on issues of inequality can be contained by allowing people to enjoy economic freedom and using military. The economy of china will be Progressive if the tensions are contained, as well as involving both the rural and urban in economic planning.
Chaurasia, R. (2003). History of Political Thought. New Delhi: Atlantic Press 30
Schurmann, F. (1973). Ideology and Organization in Communist China. Cambridge: Cambridge Press 165
Shambaugh, D. (2009). China’s Communist Party: Atrophy and Adaptation. California: California Press