The Goals Of Sustainability are as follows:
- The common greenhouse gases which affect the global climate are carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluocarbons and sulfur hexafluoride. The appropriate amounts of these gases are required for maintaining the right temperature in the environment for the existence of life. However, if there are no gases the temperature would drop to 0°C or even below and if there is too much of these gases the temperature would become very hot. So a balance between the gases is necessary for the existence of normal life on the earth. Normally, all the greenhouse gases are transparent which allow the solar radiation to pass through them; however they prevent the infrared radiations from escaping the earth’s atmosphere. As a result of the radiation getting trapped on the earth’s surface, the temperature increases causing global warming. The adverse affect of greenhouse gases on the climate are as follows:
- As a result of ocean currents becoming diverted, it would end up causing severe changes in the climate like for example, the Gulf Stream runs through Europe keeping the climate warm, if the current is diverted, then the temperature would drop in Europe affecting the vegetation and the normal life.
- The ecological life on the land as well as sea would be affected as both plants and animals would be subjected to different conditions as they would fail to adapt themselves to the climatic changes caused by global warming.
- The life of humans would also be affected as there would be changes in the temperature and rainfall which in turn would affect the food crop.
- CO2 is one of the greenhouse gases whose increased level in the atmosphere is found to cause global warming. The total quantity of the CO2 level has been shown to be increasing over time. Several studies on why the level of CO2 is increasing in our atmosphere have found that humans are the primary cause for the increased levels. The burning of the rainforests, increased usage of automobiles, over consumption of electricity and increase in the number of industries which uses oil, coal and other natural gases have found to be the cause of CO2 levels to increase.
- There are several ways once can reduce the carbon footprint, some of them are as follows:
- Conserving electricity and reducing the usage by switching to other energy sources like the wind and solar power.
- Using water in a conservative manner as to prevent unnecessary wastage.
- Reducing the garbage generated on a daily basis and recycling or reusing the waste products generated.
- Reducing the usage of plastic, paper and reusing them whenever and wherever it is possible.
- Purchasing and using the products which are locally made as buying products which are manufactured in foreign countries require fuel for transportation of the goods.
- As transportation requires fuel, by using public transportation or carpooling one can reduce the consumption of fuel. By walking or cycling to go to places nearby one can also reduce the fuel consumption.
- Biomes are the different regions of the earth which are classified based on the flora, fauna and the climatic conditions. Although there are several biomes, the major once are the grasslands, deserts, forests, freshwater, marine and tundra. A change in one biome has an impact on another biome as they all are interconnected.
Over the past several years, there has been adverse effect of humans on the world’s biomes. Humans being the dominant organisms inhabiting the earth have disrupted the ecological habitat across the globe by their activities. The growing demand of paper, wood, space for habitat has lead to the destruction of the forests. Due to increase in the number of industries, the waste generated is being dumped into rivers, lakes, ponds and ocean. This causes the growth of algae which in turn make the water not fit for consumption. Over fishing in the ocean and dumping of the toxic waste generated by the industries has affected the survival of marine life. By over-grazing, mining etc the desert biomes are easily being disturbed by the humans.
- Promoting the sustainability development which is to teach individuals how to use the natural resources without actually depleting the reserves.
- Protecting the forest and marine life by restricting the activity of humans which would in turn prevent the extinction of the animals and plants which are in the verge of becoming extinct.
- Monitoring the substances which are causing pollution in the environment and also the ozone depletion.
- Monitoring the growth of the population and providing them with good sanitation as well as proper water supply.