The history of Jamestown dates back into June 1606 when King James I issued a charter to a team of entrepreneurs from London, also known as Virginia Company to build an English settlement in the Northern Part of America in a region called Chesapeake. On May 14, 1607, an English colony was established after Virginia Company settlers landed on Jamestown Island. Jamestown was almost brought to a rim of failure by famine, conflicts with the Native Americans, diseases and many other problems in the first two years before a new group of settlers rescued it in 1610. Jamestown, however, made remarkable expansion since 1620 but without being challenged by a rebellious colony that was under the leadership of Nathaniel Bacon. King James, I moved to control the situation by dissolving Virginian Company making it be an official crown colony way back in 1624.
This was a phrase applied to describe the Atlantic trading technique of the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. Three main product-types were transacted within three significant Atlantic geographical areas: crops, labor, as well as manufactured products. An example, can be the exchange of sugar to New England or Europe from the Caribbean (in the form of molasses) (Geoff 121). The molasses was later distilled to form rum. Manufactured goods were bought using the profits from sugar. The manufactured products were shipped or transported to West Africa in which they were exchanged for slaves. The sugar planters in the Caribbean bought the slaves. The proceeds earned from exchanging slaves were utilized to purchase additional sugar that was transported to Europe (Geoff 121-124). The entire triangular trip lasted for five to twelve weeks. The trade, more often than not, led to massive deaths of enslaved blacks on their transit.
Distinct Areas of Colonial America
The historians divide or categorize Colonial America (U.S) into 3 different areas. These include New England, Southern colonies, as well as Mid-Atlantic (Rodney and Geoffrey 180-185). The Colonial America relied on the environment to satisfy basic needs or wants of the colony as well as people. The existing natural resources offered what every unique area Forte would become. Because of interaction with the environment and human, specialized economies fast emerged.
The differences on the Colonial America were based on historical or cultural justifications for the creation of the colony or territory. The Southern territories were created as economies undertakings and sought resources to offer material wealth or commodities to the home nation as well as themselves. The New England territories were mainly religious separatists as well as reformers (Rodney and Geoffrey 180-185). They sought novel means of life to honor their Almighty Father as well as for their spiritual commitment or life. On the other hand, the Middle territories embraced persons from different as well as diverse lifestyles. Ideally, the social-political system entailed three categories: cities, small farms, as well as villages.
Additionally, there was a distinction in human resources among the three areas. New England enjoyed expertise craftsmen within the shipbuilding sector. The Mid-Atlantic offered diverse laborers of fishermen, merchants, as well as farmers (Rodney and Geoffrey 180-185). On the other hand, the Southern territories were mainly agricultural and had some cities as well as limited schools.
The economy of the New England was initially specialized within boating or nautical equipment. Later, New England created factories and mills. The environment of New England was conducive for water-driven machinery that permitted for finished goods to be made, for example, the metal tools or woven clothes (Rodney and Geoffrey 180-185). The middle territories had adequate farmland as well as moderate climate. It made it feasible to grow grain as well as livestock in comparison to New England. The coastal was lowland and was suitable for harbors considering that it had bays. For that reason, the middle territories offered trading opportunities. The Southern territories were rich farmlands leading to growing cash crops, for example, tobacco, indigo, and rice.
Geoff, Woodland. The Triangle Trade. Barnsley: Claymore. 2013. Print.
Jamestown Rediscovery. "History of Jamestown." Historic Jamestowne. (2016). Web. 03 Feb. 2016. <http://historicjamestowne.org/history/history-of-jamestown/>.
Rodney, Carlisle and Geoffrey Golden. Colonial America from Settlement to the Revolution. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. 2007. Print.