Poster for Pre-Kinder and Kinder
Poster for Age 8 Learners
One of the problems in the classroom is being involved in teaching large classes. While learning in large classes can come with a number of advantages, the number of disadvantages is also very challenge. Learning in large classes is a very difficult situation not only for teachers but also for students. The quality and frequency of teacher instruction with as well as feedback to students are reduced in a large class size. The opportunity to assess the students’ understanding is also limited. Large classes can lower down the students’ level of active involvement. Student participation is very important in order for learning to take place. In a large class format, college instructors can have a possibility of overestimating the level of students’ involvement. In large classes, there is reduction in the depth of thinking that students are likely to obtain when they are in a small class. A large class size may restrict the depth and breadth of course assignments, course objectives, and other course-related learning. Further, various researches have presented that academic achievements of students as well as academic performance are reduced in courses that have large class size. Students who are engaged in a large class size are often dissatisfied and feel less satisfaction in the course. Be it a classroom filled with a great number of students or a classroom for learners with disabilities or learning difficulties, an effective classroom management plan can render great environment for learning.
Discipline pertains to self-control based on social interest. Students who have sense of self-control are those who are able to show initiative, form reasonable decisions, and take responsibility in manners that are advantageous to themselves and to other people. Social interest, on the other hand, pertains to learners’ efforts to create a comfortable learning environment that would better meet the needs of every student. According to Dreikur, good discipline happens best in a democratic classroom in which the students and the teacher work collaboratively to make the best decision on how the class will operate. Good discipline is not possible in a permissive or autocratic classroom in which all decisions come from the teacher and imposes them on the learners, giving them no chance to develop their responsibility and initiative. On the other hand, in a permissive classroom, the teacher is not able to urge students to comply with the policies, or to conduct themselves in humane way, or to endure outcomes of their misbehavior.
Establishing classroom rules is the ultimate solution to having sound classroom management. Classroom rules are the same for all levels except that the presentation of these rules is varied depending on the age and level of development of the learners. Most of the learners have the compelling need to sense that they are highly valued and that they belong to a group. Learners feel belongingness when the teacher and people around them give them respect and attention, encompass them in activities, and do not abuse them. When the learners are not able to obtain that feeling of belongingness in the class, they often resort to feelings of inadequacy, lack of attention, and revenge. When learners seek attention, they show off, talk out, interrupt others, or demand attention from their teachers. When learners seek power, they drag their heels or make comments and at time attempt to show that the teacher cannot make them do anything. When learners seek revenge, they attempt to get back at other students or their teacher by subverting class activities, lying, or maliciously causing disruption inside the classroom. When learners feel inadequate, they withdraw from activities in the class and make no attempt to learn.
Poster for Pre-Kinder and Kinder
Pre-kinder and kinder learners are expected to acquire skills including showing affection, naming colors, hopping on a single foot. Development milestones are those things that children are able to do as they reach a certain age. Children achieve their milestones in the way the speak, learn, play, behave, and move. Further, as children develops into childhood, their environment starts to open up and they become independent. The children then start to concentrate more on children and adults outside of their family sphere.
As pre-kinder and kinder, children still need guidance from their parents and their teachers. Hence, children are nurtured and helped in reading. They are taught on doing simple chores. Pres-school children are likewise encouraged to mingle with others in order for them to develop their friendship and sharing attitude. At this age, children must be consistently disciplined hence classroom rules must be made brief and clear. At this age, the main focus in teaching children is making them aware of the different parts of their body and the function of each part. For instance, mouth is for talking, feet are for walking, and ears are for listening.
Integrating the body parts to the different classroom rules, classroom posters what each body part should be doing whenever in class. For instance, mouth is used in speaking and expressing thoughts. However, when inside the classroom, learners are encouraged to use their mouth only when they are asked to. Feet are used for running, skipping, jumping, and walking. But when inside the classroom, feet is only for walking and running strictly not allowed. Hands are for holding objects, for writing, and many more. But inside the classroom, hands are used to when answering questions or suggesting an answer.
Graphics are used in posters in order for young learners to visualize the rules. Preschool learners are not yet fully acquainted in reading. Using pictures will help the learners understand the rules better.
Poster for Age 8 Learners
Age 8 learners are already well-versed in writing and speaking. Hence, classroom posters require fewer graphics. More emphasis is placed on the rules. To give this emphasis, classroom rules are presented using big letters. Age 8 learners easily get bored especially when they see lots of words. Keeping the rules simple will capture the interest of these young learners. It will also make them easier to understand the rules. Classroom posters must be sectioned into different rule categories. There can be poster for classroom rules, poster for keeping oneself clean, and other posters that would emphasize healthy habits and good grooming.
Albrecht, K., & Miller, L. (2004). The comprehensive preschool curriculum (1st ed.). Beltsville, Md.: Gryphon House.
Edwards, C., & Watts, V. (2010). Classroom discipline & management.
Franco, B., & O'Donoghue, K. (2004). Classroom rules (1st ed.). Barrington, Ill.: Rigby.
McGinnis, J., Frederick, B., & Edwards, R. (1995). Enhancing classroom management through proactive rules and procedures. Psychology In The Schools, 32(3), 220--224.
McLeod, J., Fisher, J., & Hoover, G. (2003). The key elements of classroom management (1st ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.