There are many limiting factors in a marine ecosystem. These limiting factors interact in many ways to form different features and also affect the marine ecosystem. This paper analyzes the relationship between the temperature of the region and rate of evapotranspiration, the upwelling of water and the speed of wind, the ocean currents and the climate experienced, and nature of rocks and type of features formed.
The temperature of the surrounding region in an ocean is very important. When temperature is high, the evaporation from the surface of the ocean would be high (NSIDC, n.d). In addition, high temperature leads to high transpiration rates on the adjacent vegetation. When the evapotranspiration rates are high, the humidity in the surrounding region is high. On the contrary, lower temperature leads to lower evapotranspiration from the surface of the ocean. Therefore, there would be not as high humidity as when the temperature is very high. For example, there is always high temperature leading to high humidity is Alaska during summer and low during winter (USA today, n.d).
Upwelling is the movement of water from the bottom of the oceans to the top. In a normal condition, denser water sinks while less dense water comes on the surface. The movement is influenced by both temperature variations and the movement of wind. In normal circumstances, the conveyer belt of the oceans occurs when water in region with lower temperature sinks and it’s replaced by water from regions with higher temperatures. The upwelling can be reversed when the conditions are right. When wind blows strongly over the shores of an ocean, denser water from the bottom of the sea comes to the surface of the ocean. Such occurs when the wind blows very strongly away from the shore as the surface less dense water moves; the denser water is forced to come up in an upwelling manner. For example, this process occurs in California, South America, South Africa, where the process is very critical in support of plankton growth that supports aquatic life in the regions. Upwelling is also common along the South and North Equatorial Currents (“High School Earth Science/Ocean Movements,” n.d).
Ocean currently influence the climatic condition an ocean experiences. The ocean currents affect temperature distribution the surface of water. The Gulf Stream is a warm current found on the North Atlantic Ocean from the Mexican Gulf. It passes along the north east of the USA coast and the British Isles. Since it is near the equator, the ocean gulf ocean current is warm as it approaches British; it is moist and leads to wet weather in British. The main impact is the Gulf Ocean current keeps the coast of Europe free from ice in winters and hammer than the surrounding regions in summer (“UK environmental change Network,” n.d).
Wave erosion takes place through different ways. These include abrasion and abrasions among others. When the coastal rocks are alternating soft and hard headlands and bays form. It is mainly common in discordant coastlines. This happens as the soft rocks are eroded to form the bays while the hard rock remains as headlands. The soft rocks may be eroded though abrasion or solution depending on the nature of the rocks. Caves can form when the seas shore is in contact with a soft rock underneath a hard rock whereby the soft rock is eroded leaving the hard rock handing (“Cool geogrpahy,”n.d). Examples of bays and head lands include the paradise bay, the Victoria Harbor, San Francisco bay, etc.
National snow & Ice Data Center. Factors Affecting Arctic Weather and Climate. Accessed from https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/arctic-meteorology/factors_affecting_climate_weather.html on November 23, 2014.
USA today. Answers archive: Earth's water cycle, humidity. Accessed from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/weather/resources/askjack/archives-humidity.htm on November 23, 2014.
UK environmental change Network. Factors affecting climate . Accessed from http://www.ecn.ac.uk/what-we-do/education/tutorials-weather-climate/climate/factors- affecting-climate on November 23, 2014.
“Cool Geography,” Accessed from http://www.coolgeography.co.uk/GCSE/AQA/Coastal%20Zone/Landforms/Erosion%20 Landforms.htm on November