The main aim of this research is to find out the gendered approach that the 2003 war in Iraq by the United States and how this gendering was significant in the constitution of the United States and effects. The speeches of the then President Bush and that of Colin Powel serve to show the gendering an how significant to the United States at that time. The role of gender was very significant in the war in Iraq. In the war, there was misguided perception of the whole of Iraqi population as the main victims of Saddam Hussein’s oppressive rule. The connotation of womenandchildren is used to show that women are powerless and need to be protected. They are grouped so that they are taken to be helpless during the periods of war. During these times, they are seen to be powerless are the reason why governments should go to war. Governments should go to war in order to protect women. In Iraq, the oppression of women was taken to be a national disaster that called for war in the quest to protect the citizens. The oppression that women were going through was taken to be a problem of everyone.
This research will be guided by the following objectives:
This research paper will be guided by the following hypothesis:
- The war in Iraq was as a result of justifying the need for war to tone women and children oppression
- The war in Iraq was a result of Saddam Hussein’s distorted masculinity which needed a supermasculine being to stop his oppressive acts.
- Liberal democracy is used to reward men with political power which will in the end be used to introduce rational democracy.
- The war in Iraq was for America to gain their supposedly masculine figure and state.
- Men are a sign of power, both political and military power. This is what caused war in Iraq.
Many researchers have shown the themes of masculinity as a sign of strength for most wars that have been fought. The United States have regarded themselves as strong and been given masculine strength. This masculinity was almost lost in the period of Iraq war and during the Gulf War. There was a need to regain this status and thus they got engaged in war and regained their status. Women and children are often categorized in groups who are helpless and innocent. There has been a need to have women protection and have them secured and as protected the way men are protected. The insecurity of these women and children gave justification for engagement in war. According to Cynthia Enloe (in Anderson, 2004), the war in Iraq was as a result of the women who needed protection which led to eruption of war in the long run.
There was also another symbolic representation of gender to ignite war in Iraq. This is seen in the way the American Dream put women in highly esteemed places. According to the United States, the first Gulf War was fought in the quest to have women accustomed to the western women way of life. They were required to live in that stage and status. In this regard, oil was seen to be a necessity for mothers to be able to drive their children to leisure places and have good times with other family members. This resulted in Gulf War. It was argued that the lack of oil was an obstacle to women in their service to family members. It was a way of encouraging women to access oil. This is one way in which the Gulf Way was gendered.
Other researches show that the Gulf War was a way in which the soldiers protected their wives and mothers. This is one way in which the invasion and the war in Iraq were gendered. From this, war and gender was used to justify the need to go to war. The soldiers in battle would get comfort in their homes with their mothers and wives, they would be fed by their wives and mothers, and also they would be able to get a world which was free from fear.
There has been research on the use of women in war. It has been disapproved that Muslim women need protection from Muslim men. This is because of the involvement of Muslim women in war. They have been used by Al Qaeda in war. They are seen to be taking the role of suicide bombers during war. Initially, women were the reason for going to war.
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