Introduction The analysis of Candide in the perspective of the wider scope of Western movements and thought reveals that his work was highly essential in the historical social institutions. As Voltaire criticized various societal aspects, candide gives insight of unenlightened view that was the basis of the revolutionary movement inn France. Candide was also written in retribution against the opinions of historical eminent philosopher from Germany, who argued that humankind lives in the best of promising world.Voltaire writing is an attempt to dismantle this conception. This historical paper therefore, gives a deep analysis of how Voltaire conveys the vital message and the relevance of this message to the traditional society.
Voltaire gave an insight by exploring the rampant hypocrisy that was experience in various churches. The clergy, specifically inquisitor, were claimed to have exercised inhumanity by executing and hanging his fellow countryman over the philosophical diversity. More noticeably, he orders the whipping of Candide for simply, “listening with as air of approval” indicating that he is couched in blasphemy. The church leaders in Candide were accused of being the most sinful citizens. They were engaged in sinful act such as homosexual affairs, having mistresses, jewel thieves and homosexuality among others. Moreover, the clergy were portrayed as sinful considering an example that the pope had a daughter contrary to his vows of celibacy. This is a clear illustration of the rampant hypocrisy that was endowed by the clergy men in the traditional religion in Candide. However, Voltaire has not only seen the Candide’s satirical view of church hypocrisy but also the philosophical hypocrisy.
Apparently, Voltaire is not evidently working to bring about revolutionary opinions in candide and he is simply pointing out defects in the community. It is also significant to note that he entrenched on the popular cultural views of how the enlightenments are not demonstrated in the novel. Noticeably, Voltaire work reveals this case by his concern on how women are treated in Candide. While during that time many opinions take up the period of the revolution in French about the women rights, it is revealed that philosophers such as Voltaire did not develop opinions that are related to such issues. In fact, most philosophers in Candide were against the views of revolution even if they could not publicly criticize it. This is evident because they were not following the aristocratic cultural standards of society to think far from the context.
In my view, though there were few exceptions, I think many philosophers, such as Voltaire, thought that women were not in a position to well thought-out to be equal. It was viewed that women posses a state of natural weakness that does not allow them to superiority. Their weaknesses definitely offered them more moderation and lenity to qualify for better administration. Such sentiments seems to disguise deeper base of the patriarchal positions of the day more than polishing way of sanctifying few exceptions of women leaders that would readily show out.
Despite the fact that Voltaire had a strong hold in such views, all women in Candide portrayed a defenseless and weal character trait. It can be progressively pointed out how women constantly were exposed to a risk of being subjected to aggressive male desires. This is evident to where women were experiencing violent issues such as rape, general compliance on the component of women and enslavement. It shows that Voltaire referred to women as ineffectual and weak creatures that use sex to satisfy their desires and served as channels to spread media.
Despite representing women as helpless victims, in some points Voltaire represents women as remarkably strong. However, this strength that women endow might not represent the internal power of women. It would rather reveal that women had no choice than to find themselves fit into this misogynistic and horrible situation. For instance, the old woman, after narrating her horrific life story, tells that she no longer believe in self-pity, telling everybody to pass the time. Although in Candide were many female victims, they seems to be not aware of the tribulations they experience and they hold factual to a plenty of stereotype. This illustrates that the Voltaire’s Candide lacks the factual perfections of Enlightenment’s allegation of equality.
It seems that Voltaire’s Candide was seeking to proactively dissolve the problems that were challenge to the society. Finally, the society was able to anesthetize their minds with hard labor that helped them to alleviate their problems. This might be a good prove that possibly Voltaire was in a right direction believing that there are other way to work out for the solutions rather than relying on the misleading philosophy. Voltaire has also used different characters that portrayed the irrelevance of idle philosophy and the inherent damage that were committed by his existing philosophy. For instance, Pangloss with reference to his own form of philosophy referred to “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology” which illustrates the belief that “this world is the best of all possible worlds” that actually impacted to the problems to the others.
Voltaire’s message in candid is comes out very clearly. Most of his work is described in satire and it aims at warning the people. The people are told to get aware of the repercussions that presents with radical optimism. Candide life is full of bizarre disasters but despite this, he remains very optimistic in all the activities that revolve around him. This instill hopes in many people faced with life hurdles because candied shows them that it is good to remain optimistic. The message conveyed warns the targeted population about the dangers that presents with radical optimism. The author has used different literacy methods including tones, themes and satire.
Voltaire creates a scenario of a dual attitude system. This is conveyed when he when he uses tone to point out the individuals who are radically optimistic together with the concept that is involved in radical optimism. These forces the audience to automatically get into mind the views of the author and the message brought to the surface. The individuals who are radically optimistic are mocked and compared people with a naïve and childlike honesty. The message conveyed to the audience can have serious implications since the believers of the philosophy of optimism can become idiots as they remains rigid in what they knows about.
The philosophy in the society made people believe that everything was best and this appeared to be very dangerous as people focused only on their interest. Voltaire on his part tries to warn the audience by emphasizing the need for people to eradicate radical optimism. He looked down to the radical optimist as people with low intelligence capacities and low dignity and integrity. The readers are advised to first think about themselves before getting involved into other people lives. The requirement for the readers is to always think twice before making decisions to adopt and believe in certain philosophies. This has helped many individuals to think first before taking actions.
Voltaire has over emphasized exaggeration and patent honesty with the use of satire all round the book. He attacks those who are on their line of thoughts and says that they stand a chance to cause disasters in the society. There are many instances where the audience becomes aware and is warned about radical optimism. This shows the level of naivety of candide and at the same time threatens the society. Candide is an individual who looks towards the same situations and it is funny that he expects different issues. With this perception, it can be concluded that candide is very optimistic and very rigid in his life. He does not leave room for people who are not in his line of opinions and views.
Briefly, Voltaire conveys the vital message and the relevance of this message to the traditional society and this influences the society in many ways. The book was seeking to proactively dissolve the problems that were challenge to the society. Finally, the society was able to anesthetize their minds with hard labor that helped them to alleviate their problems.
Bottiglia, William F. (1968). Voltaire; a collection of critical essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice–Hall, Inc
Means, Richard (2006). Voltaire: Background and Early Writing. Great Neck Publishing
Wootton, David (2000). Candide and Related Texts. Hackett Publishing Company, Inc