Adolescence is an aspect that every human being must undergo before they mature. It acts as a transitional stage from childhood to adulthood, and it occurs between 12-18 years. Many people consider it has the worst life stage that they cannot even wish to remember in their future because they used to do things inappropriately. Many missed their future due to the activities that they engaged in without considering the consequences that will face them in future. This stage is confused by many individuals with the puberty period in which person’s body undergoes some physical changes, and it is associated with development to adulthood. It is also referred to as the biological changes which an individual undergoes in the process of changing from childhood to adulthood.
In the study of adolescent development, there are three perspectives that are involved, and they intersect with each other. They include; cognitive, social and biological approaches. The social approach argues the ways in which teenagers interact with other people in their context. They mostly communicate in groups in which they associate with. As we know, many teenagers are still continuing with their schooling programs, and as students there are different specific ways in which they associate. There are various contexts in which they interact involving; friendship, cliques, and general crowd context. In this interactive context, students influence each other in committing activities which are against the school rules and regulations. These activities include bullying that has been experienced in many schools although teachers and parents are having established some programs to curb it (Parada, 2011). Adolescence is the main contribution to this aspect because as we know it initiates making immature decisions that teenagers end up engaging in. Bullying has contributed to increment in school drop -out in Australia because of the victims fear being injured. In order to ensure this action is well dealt with, self-awareness and relationship study programs should be introduced in all schools where it has been evident. In every allocated learning session, it is an interesting idea that the students to be taught about responsible decision-making aspects. Those three perspectives are important in the schooling environment in order to ensure pupils relate with each other appropriately. From the adolescence development theory, research and practices taught in this unit it is evident that for good performance to be achieved in every institution more so in a school accommodating students in this stage, they have to adopt the above-described strategies.
In this unit, it is learned that students have different cognitive formation in which it contributes a lot to the variations in performance. It is evident that human beings have different memory set up in which it determines their study skills and the way they handle things. It is significant for teachers to be able to address students differently because they don’t have the same understanding abilities. It will assist pupils in achieving their goals and targets in school. As per the cognitive formation study, it is identified that there three categories, including; visual, auditory, kinesthetic learners. These different kinds of students should be handled appropriately in accordance with their abilities. It is the best strategy that will ensure all students are given affair ground in which they can exploit their potentiality. During adolescence, students are faster in processing information as compared to when they were in the childhood stage. They actually respond to question asked in class fast, and they like attending to as many queries as possible because they do not like displaying any mood of defeat in their peer context (Parada, 2011).
The knowledge of adolescent should be incorporated into the teaching profession because some strategies associated with it need to be employed in order to ensure students can exploit their full potential as their studies are concerned. As the teaching of history is a concern, culture is an aspect that is broadly discussed, and it is appropriate to discuss matters concerning adolescent in this area in the curriculum. It is an appropriate strategy that is best for students in order to ensure they improve their performance. Cooperative, collaborative and peer assistance learning strategies are appropriate for administering assignments and discussions in class. It is because students will be able to encounter views from different individuals and in the process they will be able to interact and discuss more on life-based issues. For example; cooperative learning enhances student’s motivation, achievement and social aspects (Peterson, 2004). Those three perspectives are very important in student’s life as their future is concerned because they will be able to establish new friends and feel free when interacting with other members of the class. It is ought to assist them in solving their social problems. It will also assist in dealing with bullying in institutions because they students ought to interact freely during class time hence valuing others. All these perspectives should be incorporated in Austrian schools in order to address issues affecting students’ lives in class and to the entire school context.
Conclusively, the adolescent period is a stage in individual’s lives which calls for assistance because it messes people’s future. It is evident in situations whereby a person does not value some life important aspects that contribute a large percentage of their future success. Students should be valued a lot as this stage is concerned because if they are ignored they will mess with their studies. As we know, teachers are secondary parents to students and they are supposed to address all the issues associated with the adolescent. Cognitive formation should be considered because students have different memories and understandability potentials. It will also provide affair ground for their studies. Teachers should interact with their students in order to ensure they are confidence and free to take their problems to them
Parada, R. H. (2011). Social and Affective Considerations in Adolescence. Sydney, University of Western Sydney. PhD.
Eldridge, D. (2008). Injury among young Australians. AIHW bulletin series no. 60. Cat. no. AUS 102. Canberra: AIHW.
Arnett, J. J. (2014). Adolescence and emerging adulthood (5th ed.). Pearson Education Limited
Peterson, C. (2004). Looking Forward Through Childhood and Adolescence: Developmental Psychology. Frenchs Forest NSW: Pearson Education.