Sustainable development refers to a process whereby the future generations receive as much or even more capital per capita as compared to what the current generation has available (Serageldin 1996a, 1996b). This eco agriculture plan is a practical example of sustainable development plan since it aims at maximizing agricultural production while minimizing environmental harm, and paying attention to conservation of biodiversity. The key goal of this plan is to have farmers maximize their production with minimal waste and pollution, conserve soil, water and wild species while trying to maintain a natural ecosystem using a mix of crops, grasses and trees. (Scherr & McNeely 2008).
There lessons from eco agriculture case that can be applied in other situations. To begin with, there is need to endorse agricultural sustainability which aims at maximizing agricultural production bearing in mind the rapidly increasing population. There is also need to endorse biodiversity conservation since we all depend on the environment for our living. The eco agriculture plan has incorporated the community around (farmers) which is a key Critical Success Factor for the plan to succeed. (Scherr & McNeely 2008).
There are several barriers that exist in the society and hinder implementation of sustainable development plan. One of the barriers is institution barriers which may comprise legal challenges and irregularities which may include cases such as unclear land tenure and relative inaccessibility. Another barrier is cultural barrier where the overall plan fails to incorporate, promote and integrate the culture of the people. Economic barrier includes lack of planning for land and natural resource use in accordance with ecological limitations and opportunities. Finally, governance is another barrier that translates into inability to produce enough equitable economic development and social services to catch up with population growth and environmental protection. (D Haan, J., & S Siermann. 1996)
De Haan, J., and S. Siermann. (1996). “Political Instability, Freedom, and Economic
Growth: Some Further Evidence.” Economic Development and Cultural Change. New Scherr, Sara, J., & McNeely, Jeffrey, A. (2008). Biodiversity conservation and agricultural sustainability: towards a new paradigm of ‘agriculture’ landscapes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B, February 12, 363, 477-494.York: U.S.A
Serageldin, I. 1996a. Sustainability and the Wealth of Nations: First Steps in an Ongoing
Journey. Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs no.
No.5. Washington, D. C.: World Bank
___. 1996b. “Sustainability as Opportunity and the Problem of Social Capital.” Brown
Journal of World Affairs 3 (2): 187-203