Solidarity is an integration process in the society in which people come together as a unit in case of any issue requiring their attention. According to the great Emile Durkheim, there typical society is characterized by only two forms of solidarity: mechanical and organic. Whereas mechanical solidarity signifies the unity of people sharing same belief, education, religion, lifestyle and sentiments, the latter refers to the kind of unity witnessed particularly in more advanced societies in which people come together based on their interdependence (Lockwood, D., 2002).
Of course, I strongly agree with the argument that cyborg, a creature of social fiction or reality, should be classified as the Durkheim’s third solidarity. This is because it has also emerged as a distinct clique both existing as a fiction or in a real life situation (Lockwood, D., 2002). For instance, just the same way the Darkheimian mechanical solidarity brings kin together; serious cordial relationships can be established if people come together as a result of the technological developments experienced from the medical cyborgs. When the lost body organs like limbs are restored and adjusted to their optimal functions through others, a lot of identity groups will be formed to cement the existing relationships.
I also agree with Kivisto that cyborg should be the third Durkheim’s solidarity because of the effects of the art and military technological advancements. Many people have identified themselves with the artistic paintings, installations and sculptures along side the factious literally characters. Similarly, the use of cyborg military tactics like cyborgic animals has helped many soldiers enjoy a competitive advantage over their enemies. Hence, to conclude, I would like to strongly assert that people should embrace such developments because they stand a better chance of positively transforming the society (Halacy, D. S., 2007).
Halacy, D. S. (2007) Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman. New York: Harper & Row.
Lockwood, D. (2002). Solidarity and Schism: "The Problem of Disorder" in Durkheimian and
Marxist Sociology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.