Some current Proposed policies
When trying to solve this aspect of the environment, there are two issues that are being tackled, there is the environment and the policy that can be implemented to safeguard it. The environment is understood as the ecosystem. Most of the policies that have been enacted are to address issues that are affecting the ecosystem negatively. Some of the environmental policies that have been proposed include:
The incorporation of environmental principles into decision making processes by bearing in mind the environmental consequences of their proposed actions and the possible alternatives that might replace those actions that have been proposed. This was an obligation set by The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Chinese policy measures for environmental conservation, proposed policies such us the recognition of the aspect of economy as the major backbone of any nation, by improving
Strive to continue management system and performance through participation in the Environmental management system which was enacted by Division of pollution prevention and Environmental Assistance. (DPPEA) This was proposed to be embraced by all nations to deal with the aspect of environmental degradation as a societal world.
Utilization of the universal and regulatory agents concerning the environments, it was proposed as a policy to assist in the development of solutions of environmental problems by the ABC Firms Environmental Policy. This was a policy that was proposed by this organization to aid the nations to combat this current problem of the global warming as a common unit.
Difficulties experienced in implementing the policies
Though most of the policies have been proposed by organizations and some world countries to reduce the issue of global warming, Most of the countries that have been requested to implement these policies are not at par financially. Most countries especially from the developing nations have difficulty to raise the financial capital that is required to embrace fully these kinds of policies. e.g. Most of the third world countries are still using the chimneys and machines that output a lot of emission to the environment are outdated and needs to be upgraded. But the problem is, they are dependent on the first world countries who are the major manufacturers of such, hence the hiking of prices by the first world countries has discouraged the third world countries to procure such equipment to use in their local industries to control the rate of emissions to the environment.
Though most of the countries also might be in a position to procure such equipment, they are operating under a tight budget because of the priority. This is also due to limited funds that have contributed to the difficulty in implementing the proposed environmental policies.
A good example is the proposed technology of adopting or the use of machines or automobiles that use electricity rather than gases. This issue could have discouraged most of the countries because not all countries could be in a position to purchase these vehicles or manufacture that kind of technology to reduce the rate of emission to the world.
Technological know how
This also has contributed to the ineffective incorporation of environmental policies. Most of the countries especially countries under transition are not implementing the proposed environmental policies this is because the lack the technological know how to come up with techniques that might aid in the reduction of the emission to the environment. Also they might have the technique or the inventory man power capable of coming up with ideologies on how to implement the policies, but due to lack of the facilities that might facilitate the same has been a problem, hence, they are unable or in a position not to implement those policies hence the difficulty in the implementation of the world proposed environmental policies.
Also the application or practicing of the use of specific technologies to in industries which was not accessible to all or could not be manufactured by all has lead to the reduced rate of the implementation of the environmental policies.
Most of the countries have their own interest. The issue of global warming and the rate of emissions to the environment have been marred by a lot of conspiracies which has contributed to the slow implementation of the environmental policies. Most nations take the issue of global warming as an American ideology which is geared towards stagnating other nations who majorly depend on the economic benefits for the growth of there nation. They argue that the policies which are being enacted by the Americans concerning the issue of global warming is meant to jeopardize the position of other countries in the economic growth and still remain as the world superpower.
It is also argued that during the 18th century, the world experienced a dramatic change in its economic growth due to the industrialization era. It is believed that the American argument of the issue of global warming as a result of the rate of emission to the environment is not concrete because if at all the global warming is an outgrowth of gases being emitted to the environment, then the industrial revolution era could have experienced much of global warming, of which the opposite occurred, the temperatures reduced.
Most of the countries also have different ideologies about the rate of emissions, the third world countries blame it on the first world countries who claim that most of the resulting effects of the global warming have been contributed much by the first world countries and if at all the reduction of the emission then they should start with their home countries.
Countries like china also argue that the American ideology of emission may be right, but it is the major world environmental polluter and if at all the Americans could reduce the rate of their emission by half then the world could experience a drop of emissions by a third. But it is ironical that when proposing the possible environmental policy as a nation, they do not talk about themselves.
Research and describe some current environmental policies related to the problem, noting the organizations that proposed these policies. Identify some difficulties in implementing the policies.
The problems that I have found in our climate crisis has caused our polar ice caps to continue to melt, this is due to the heating of the earth. It is believed to be the cause of the shifting in our oceans current. The sea levels will rise and produce stronger hurricanes, tornados, and thunderstorms. The areas that are prone to stronger storms will continue to get worse with flooding and hail along with stronger winds.
Some of the everyday questions that are asked about these issues are:
1. What can be done to correct the problem?
2. Decrease emissions control on our cars for every state?
3. Should we produce more battery operated cars?
4. Should we educate more people on this issue?
5. Should the government explore other resources to keep down carbon monoxide?
The identified variable is to find other resources to slow the heating of the earth and reverse the rapid effects. The independent variable is the various toxins that pollute our atmosphere. The government should impose stiffer punishments for industries that cause the crisis
Research question Should the government decrease more emissions on our cars and U.S. factories for emissions control to stop global warming?
Our country needs to take the lead in new technology and putting it to use with educating our society on the growing crisis.
In the first article I found that the green house gases from all the power plants and vehicles and factories are causing the ice in the arctic near Alaska is melting as the temperature rises. "Geophysical research has shown that the winds in 2000 has pushed large amounts of thick ice out of the arctic basin past Greenland" (Articles of Science New York Times). With the ice melting it"??s causing a shuffle in the Atlantic Ocean which is causing a disturbance with our climate. The fresh ice that forms has a greater chance to melt due to the water vapor and cloud cover that will cause the heat to rise. Some scientists think that our earth is trying to repair its self. If we start a good trend with our environment then we can reverse the effects of the damage we caused.
Arctic Melt Unnerves the Experts
In the second article the scientists are trying to figure out how to slow down the effects of Global Warming by looking at the CO2 that is polluting our air and causing the earth to heat up. The fossil fuels that are being burned are suffocating the earth with pollution. Over time the food we eat along with the eco system will die out due to the lack of responsibilities of our government to help replenish our earth and allow our planet to be repaired. The climate change will also change the heat of the sun and growing crops for farmers will become difficult to do. Also, the scientists speak of an ice age due to the atmosphere and the ice melting will cause the planet to fall into an ice age.
Preparing White Draft
Research Question: Should the Government decrease emission standards on our cars and U.S. Factories for emissions control to stop Global Warming?
In my research, I have found that there are problems in our climate crisis due to the heating of our earth ozone layer. President Obama is looking at our emissions standards for passenger vehicles and large trucks (Office Press Secretary). There are everyday questions that are commonly asked by people who are genuinely concerned on this issue. One is, should the government explore other resources such as increasing emissions standards or decrease the amount of emissions to allow carbon dioxide to minimize? The identifiable variable is to find other resources to slow the damaging of the earth and to reverse the rapid effects thereof.
The government should impose a stiffer punishment for industries that contribute to the cause of this crisis. Our country needs to look into new technology and put it to good use by educating our society on the growing predicament. Also, applying strong standards for all vehicle classes to help reduce the oil dependence will work towards a good start. The carbon dioxide from vehicles and power plants causes an increase in temperature. Over time, the food we eat along with the eco system will die out due to the lack of responsibilities of our government. It will help replenish our earth and allow our planet to be repaired if our government down sizes on our oil dependence. Our carbon dioxide will then decrease the warming of the earth. If our government can decrease the use of carbon dioxide we will start to see changes such as our summers not having extreme hot temperatures and storms will become less severe. Our planet can return to its natural order and keep our climate in balance.
Emission checks, or lack thereof, have always been a sore spot with environmentalists. They have a big contributing factor to the ozone layer and the global warning problem. Our resources that we use every day, continues to have a drawback on our future problem. The worse car systems are the more pollution there is. If there are stricter standards on the emission testing then there could be a major improvement on the climate and living conditions in the near future.
The general public could as well borrow a leaf or two from McDonoug’s cradle to cradle philosophy;
CRADLE TO CRADLE DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
Cradle to cradle is a word that was first coined by Walter Stahel back in the 1970s, which was meant to contrast the famous cradle to grave idea employed in most industry. In this philosophy employed by most manufacturers, products were used and thereafter dumped after their usefulness is exhausted. During this age, most of the western world was at the peak of being industrialized with the currently third world countries borrowing the industrialization concept. The impacts of the “cradle to grave” philosophy to the environment were clear and hence the necessity to develop a more environmentally friendly philosophy: thus the “cradle to cradle philosophy”. In the cradle to cradle design philosophy, the materials used are divided into Biological” and “technical” categories. Where a component that is deemed technical is non-toxic synthetic product designed an environmentally favouring manner[ CITATION McD03 \l 1033 ]. The component is designed to be recycled in a closed loop with the manufacturing company/person avoiding “downcycling.” Down cycling is the fading in quality of a product with every recycle for instance paper which produces a lower quality product each time it’s recycled.
Biological components on the other hand have biological origin. This means that through nature, these components can be naturally broken down and utilized by the environment after they are used. For instance, a cup designed form cornstarch, the cup could be used just like other utensils and then composted with the product supplying nutrients to the surrounding environment. The companies or industries that have espoused the philosophy produce products that are environmentally friendly and form a closed loop or cycle with which products of the technical nature can be used over and over again as opposed to discarding them as in cradle to grave design. This philosophy eliminates the idea of having wastes e.g. waste food hence ensuring sustainability of the world’s population. This philosophy can be employed in any part of our lives as its advantages can never be matched. In the world of architecture, cradle to cradle is employed in the constructions of buildings[ CITATION McD03 \l 1033 ]. The materials used in the construction of buildings should be cradle to cradle compliant and the design should too follow suit.
After its introduction and coining of the name back in the 70s, cradle to cradle idea was ignited by William McDonough and his German co- author chemist Michael Braungart through the McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) a consultancy firm in Charlottesville.
Bottom line, when designing something, one should do so
In the cradle to cradle design, products are analyzed products down into the molecular level vis a vis nineteen environmental and human procedures[ CITATION McD03 \l 1033 ]. Additionally, the philosophy assesses some other criteria encompassing energy, recyclability, water stewardship and the manufacturer’s record on environmental responsibility[ CITATION McD031 \l 1033 ]. The energy form used should be environmentally friendly and the energy itself used efficiently, the products used should be recyclable and the manufacturers record in terms of producing and ideas on sustainability of the environment, the water stewardship will involve the evaluation of the sustainability of the product(s) in water management across the cycle of water usage.
This is perhaps the most recent and effective way to combat global warming that has since been a pinch in our shoes.
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Heritage, Q. D. (1995). Environmental protection policies. NewYork: The Dept.
McDonough, W. &. (2003). Creating a New Definition of Quality with Cradle-to-cradle Design. Remaking the way we make things, 29-33.
McDonough, W. &. (2003). The Cralde to Cradle alternative. World Institute State of The world, 15-18.
N, P. R. (2000). Public Policies for Environemental Protection. London: Publisher Resource for the Future.