America had no political parties at first but faction arose between personalities who included treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton and secretary of state Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson objected Hamilton’s broad vision and flexible view of the constitution in 1972. Hamilton formed a network of supporters that came in existence in 1972-93 as federal party but in response, Jefferson together with James Madison built a network of supporters of republic in congress that emerged the same year. The election of 1972 became the first to be contested on basis of partisan. In various states, congressional elections were recognized as john Beckley a Jefferson’s strategist and john jay who was a Hamiltonian contested in an election. Democratic-republican societies were formed in 1973 and they supported the French revolution. Jefferson’s were ridiculed as democrats by the federalists after Washington denounced them, most of them faded away.
The main problem which resulted was lack of consensus in almost every issue that arose. When war broke in England and France, the Jeffersonian supported France while Washington called for neutrality. In 1974 war threatened with Britain and Washington went for peace treaty while Jeffersonian denounced the treaty claiming it wanted to undermine republicans. In 1976 john Adams was challenged for presidency by Jefferson but he lost. In tying to solve e the problems they both contributed to the formation of a new constitution but the Jefferson strongly opposed the idea of federal party.
Thomas Jefferson opposed the broad vision of Hamilton’s powerful federal government and objected to the idea of a new constitution which Hamilton had included a national bank. Hamilton drew his supporters and formed the federal party as Jefferson did the same to form Democratic - Republican Party. Democratic party emphasized the need for promoting social, political and economic opportunities to all citizens while federal party believe in aristocrat and fought for development of agriculture as well as industries. They also favored strong central government opposition. The first big test faced by federal government is when settlers protested over a federal task imposed on liquor and distilled drinks. Washington wrote a fair well addressing the importance of ethics and morality and warned against informal alliances.
The democratic- republican supported the French revolution which saw the execution of King Louis XVI; however the republicans opposed the revolution calling them democrats.
George Washington a farewell statement, and was published in the newspaper Independent Chronicle. In his address, He emphasized on the advantage of federal government and the need for ethics as well as morality while warning against alliances with foreign countries and introduction of political parties.