The religious practices of the late 6th and early 7th century were largely characterised by absence of peace and human rights. This period was composed of human tragedies that had completely lost all the divine guidance. According to Hussein Abdul-Raof, it had become evident that both the Christians and the Jews eagerly awaited for the prophesied messiah. They had erected monasteries all along the Northern belt of the Arabian Peninsula so as to receive first-hand information about the coming of the prophet of Allah. Nonetheless, when Prophet Muhammad (S) appeared, Both the Jews and the Christians refused to welcome him as the prophesied messiah thus pushing the Arabs to start championing for the cause of Islam (Khan 167). This was a major hindrance that greatly detracted Muhammad mission to the world and also the development of the Ummah. Since Allah had seen how humanity had been grappling in darkness, through the 2nd Wahi of Surah Al-Muddathir, Allah gave Muhammad the mission of establishing His Authority on earth, “Arise and warn and glorify thy Lord” (Khan 165). The failure of acceptance of Muhammad by all other religious beliefs prevented the prophet from effectively fulfilling his mission to the whole world.
The connection Between the Quran and the Sunnah
The connection between the Sunnah and the Qur’an is that which can be referred to as a natural affiliation. This interrelation is what is expected of by the virtue of common sense and wisdom. It is obvious that the subject of Human affairs knows no boundary and, therefore, cannot be simply confined in just a single book, therefore, to cover everything, unlimited records were needed. In this connection, it is important for one to understand that Sunnah is purely related to the practical aspects of life (Qaraḍāwī 132) such as the actions that form part of our daily lives. Therefore, issues concerning beliefs and other aspects of academic interests fall outside its domain. The general connection of the Sunnah and the Quran is that there exists many religious aspects of life that cannot be taught solely through theory. They require the practical demonstration so as to be understood, and that is where the Sunnah comes in (Qaraḍāwī 133) .In regard to why the Hadith contains the matn (text) and the isnad (chain of reporters), it is simply because a text (matn) can appear to be reasonable and logical but it however requires an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable (Abdul-Raof 35).
Abdul-Raof, Hussein. Schools of Qur'anic exegesis: genesis and development. Routledge,
Khan, Wahiduddin. The Prophet Muhammad: A Simple Guide to His Life. New Delhi:
Goodword, 2002. Print.
Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf. Approaching the Sunnah: Comprehension & Controversy. London:
International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2007. Print.