Role of the Senior Level Informatics in Disaster Planning
Informatics plays a very crucial role in disaster planning. Senior level informatics are those senior executives who are handling information to be processed and put to use for disaster planning. They are authorized to take actions and whose information is considered to be more believed. Disaster is serious disruption in the functioning of society which have substantial impact and widespread threat to health property, life, environment etc. (Butt, et al., 2014) senior level informatics largely they are focused on threat detection and maintain database. They identify risk, decrease risk, make cooperative plan, identify resources, set priorities, writing plan and maintain the plan.
A broader assessment of informatics may contribute to efficiency increment in disaster response. Informatics plays role in tracking victim, supplying inventory, electronic health records during disasters. If data is processed accurately and is given on time then public relation reporting could be more accurate (Weiner EE). Now a number of modeling and simulation tools are available which addresses the issues of disaster response which work across many areas like planning, training, identification, vulnerability analysis, detection and provision for support in real time (Chikumbo, et al., 2015).
Public Education and Disaster Plan Evaluation
Through public education the hazard and threats from disaster can be explained and they can be prepared and taught ways to survive the disaster. National societies carry out these works by running national public awareness camps, partnering with educational institutions, mobilizing youth for peer education training and organizing communities. (Source: Ifrc.org, public awareness guide, 2013).
Modeling of responses is also vital task for informatics for providing parameter based on which effective decisions can be made. Data management is the key issue that brings special challenge in preparing for emergency and disaster.
Emergency management is a comprehensive and risk based task. It is all hazard approach emergency operations plans are even more crucial task. Operations model describes what work will be done by whom, when its will be done, with what resources and by what authority before, immediately after and during the emergency. An operational plan for integrated disaster management builds support and good performance in risk management, resilience, risk reduction, environment scanning, recovery plan and implementation (Operational Plan for Integrated Disaster Risk Management 2014-2020, 2014).
Financial change model describes the sources of funds for carrying out operations of disaster management. It deals with allocation of funds under appropriate head and also includes saving and acquiring fund for disaster help campaigns. Budget and funding sources are basically government grants, public grants in the form of donations and sponsorships from various profit and nonprofit organizations and institution.
Ample of technologies are available that may be adapted for improved emergency responses. In real time the use of simulation, modeling and different kind of data, real time monitoring, situation awareness, public education and coordination among different respondent agents will likely to shift towards reduction in the response time and increase in saving of life and properties.(O.Chikumbo et al.). Planning and implementation has two actions each. Preparing and making mitigation plan before event and giving response and recovery after event. (Coppola, 2011). Implementation of proper financial and operational models are also key steps in disaster risk management.
Beth Lindblom Patkus and Karen Motylewski. Northeast Document Conservation Center, Disaster planning, Nashville TN. retrieved from https://www.nedcc.org/free-resources/preservation-leaflets/3.-emergency-management/3.3-disaster-planning
Coppola, D. P. (2011). Introduction to International Disaster Management. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.
International Federal of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2014). Public awareness and public education. Retrieved from www.ifrc.org/PageFiles/103320/Key-messages-for-Public-awareness-guide-EN.pdf
Oliver Chikumbo, S. Lewis, H. Canard, T. Norris. (2015). Disaster Management Informatics: Futuristic Smart Architecture for a Rapid Disaster Response, NY, Springer.
Operational Plan for Integrated Disaster Risk Management 2014-2020. (2014). Retrieved fromhttp://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/institutional-document/42764/files/integrated-disaster-risk-management-operational-plan.pdf
Simon Butt, Hitoshi Nasu & Luke Nottage. (2014). Asia-Pacific Disaster Management: Comparative and Socio-Legal Perspectives, NY, Springer.