Evil is a threat to human reason as it challenges the perception that the world makes sense. For instance, the Lisbon earthquake which occurred in the eighteenth century was manifest evil. In a study of religion and culture, Suzuki views evil as a matter concerning human cruelty and Maude Barlow as an extreme incarnation. Whether expressed in secular or theological terms, evil denotes a challenge about the world's intelligibility and it confronts religion with fundamental questions.
Scholars of modern philosophy argue that a demon, which is no less powerful than God, subject humanity to different crisis or terror and controls reality of life. Some of the scholars believe that the earth, heavens, external things, and figures can never be trusted to be true. This is an intellectual exercise which uses tradition to explain the human mind with regards to the water crisis. David Suzuki also notes that evil and environment shatters the trust people have in the world forcing them to try to senseless things to make sense. The meaning of the current world water crisis differs among philosophers and Christians.
Several approaches operate with different assumptions, theological resources, questions, realm of concern and goals resulting to some Christian paradigms such as eco-justice, stewardship, cosmology, and eco-feminism. For example, Stewardship advances the argument that water is to be preserved and protected as it is a natural resource essential for health, life and the betterment of humans. Stewardship collaborates with the existing the religious, political and economic systems to address problems such as water pollution, water crisis as it relates human flourishing. The primary theological stewardship resource is Genesis 1: 26-31. Human beings are then required to respond to the world water crisis to manage and care for water as a resource from God for human well-being in a partnership between humans and God.
Neusner, Jacob. World Religions in America: An Introduction. New York: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009.
Petrik, James. Evil Beyond Belief. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2008.