‘Wall of Separation between Church and State’ or simply referred to as ‘Separation of the Church and State’ is an expression coined by Thomas Jefferson and other associates signifying an understanding of the function and objective of the Free Exercise Clause as well as the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution of United States, which restricts formation of law esteeming a foundation of religion, hindering the free implementation of religion, condensing the freedom and rights of speech, confining the practicing rights of press, obstructing the freedom to peaceably gather or restricting the appeal for governmental restoration of grievances. It comprises one amongst ten amendments in Bill of Rights. After coining of the phrase, ‘Wall of Separation’, it has been frequently utilized by the US Supreme Court. The separation of church and state is the aloofness in relationship between the nation state and organized religion.
Differences in ideals and claims have existed among literary personalities and associates regarding this phrase. A prestigious curator of an honorable exhibition at an US state library, James Hutson published an article titled ‘A Wall of Separation’ captioning it as ‘FBI helps reinstate Jefferson’s annihilated draft’. The document focused on ideals and perspective of religion and establishment of the American Republic. It highlights a letter to Danbury Baptists by Thomas Jefferson, which emphasized on the phrase, ‘Wall of Separation between the Church and the State’.
Disputes and difference of opinions over this phrase is a traditional issue in the United States. Concerning this controversial existence and utilization of the phrase, Dr. Patton framed an article titled, ‘The Wall of Separation between Church and State’ captioning it with ‘Misunderstandings of Americans over the role of First Amendment in Religion’. Dr. Patton is an associate Professor of Economics at the Bellevue University. Dr. Patton is also a regular editor of the academic quarterly organized by the university, ‘The Bottom Line’. In his article he emphasized on actual facts regarding the phrase ‘Wall of Separation’ and its conceptualization in the modern era.
Segers, M. C., & Jelen, T. G. (1998). A wall of separation?: Debating the public role of religion. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
David Barton, The Myth of Separation (Wallbuilder Press, 1991), pp. 25-35.
Church & State. Anti Essays. Retrieved April 23, 2013, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/211686.html