Everyday, people around the globe dispose tons of waste material that are harmful to the environment. The amount of waste released to the atmosphere on a daily basis is high, yet there are other ways of ensuring that the environment is safe. This can be through recycling or proper disposal of these wastes. Architectural firms play a key role creating waste products that are then emitted to the environment. This paper looks at various ways of obtaining raw materials to be used in architectural firms, the manufacture of primary raw materials to secondary raw materials and the manufacture of these secondary materials to the final product. Most of the final products used in the architecture industry are made from substances that can be harmful to human health and the environment. Coatings from buildings are some of the main emissions that cause harm to human lives. In most cases, those transporting the raw materials to sites do not know the risks they are putting themselves into. This also applies to the processing and use of these finished products. There are over 170 million buildings that are under constructions in the globe, and these use raw materials and produce emissions and wastes during the construction and demolition processes. Though no one pays a keen attention on the effects of construction to the environment and the human life in general, their effects are serious that people imagine. The amount of Construction and demolition (C&D) materials in construction sites are many, yet no one wants to identify ways of re-using these waste products in an effort to safeguard the environment. The architecture industry has numerous activities that entail the use of substances that emit dangerous gases and wastes to the environment. These include renovation, construction and demolition of buildings (Axelrad Robert, 98).
Construction entails the use of different raw materials obtained from different sites. The variety in the amount of raw materials used in the construction, renovation or demolition of buildings are many, hence the need to have an effective and safe transport system to ensure that no one comes to harm during the process.
The raw materials used in art and architecture are transported by road. This entails the use of trailers and Lorries that help move the raw materials from one point to the other. There are various regulations that have been put into place in different countries to regulate how various raw materials are moved from one point of the country to the other. The regulations aim at safeguarding the lies of those transporting the raw materials, and those who use the same means of transport as the transporters.
These raw materials are also transported from the manufacturing sites to the construction sites through ships especially if the products are imported. These can be finished or raw materials (Siddique 154).
In the case of formaldehyde, transportation of this raw material is done through shipment. This is because the product is not found in every country; hence most of it is shipped from laboratories to different sites where they are mixed with other products to forms various products that are used for different activities. The regulation for transport of formaldehyde includes the need to transport them in protective packages that prevent any contact between the product and those transporting it. In case of an accident during the transport process, the product needs to be quickly wiped away to ensure that there are no long term effects from the spillage. During the transport process, the shipment vessel should have the categorization “Dangerous Goods, Class 8." This will warn everyone of the amount of danger and harm that can come to an individual if they are not careful when dealing with the product.
Regulations also provide that the product should be transported in its dilute form. This is due to research that sows that the product is less harmful when it is diluted as compared to when it is in its concentrated form. Due to the danger associated with this products, those shipping it to different places have to be trained and licensed to do the transportation of the product.
The architecture industry requires numerous raw materials that need to be collected before the actual building process begins. One of the important raw materials is lumber. This is obtained from tress where those building the construction have to identify the amount of lumber needed to construct the building. This entails going to a forest or tree farms where farmers sell their trees to interested buyers. The other way of obtaining lumbers through purchasing from brokers who specializes in the supply of timber and other lumber materials. In most cases, trees are cut and then they are measured to fit all the requirements of particular structures. The processing of lumber varies with the building under construction. The texture required, the length and width also vary, hence the processing plans depending highly on how the architect designed the building under construction (Schlickel, 134).
There are various ways to ensure that there is minimal wastage of how lumber is used in the construction process. The effect of cutting down trees to be used as lumber is serious to human health and the environment. One of the ways of ensuring that there is minimal use of lumber is through advance framing where the lumber lay out in the construction ensures that a small number f lumber is required to complete the construction. This also makes sure that the construction is safe, and its structure is not compromised. The good thing about focusing on saving the lumber as a raw material is that it doe not only ensure that the number of trees used in minimal, but it also saves on cost. It also improves energy efficiency and the durability of the construction. This also gives the architects a chance to focus on the exterior walls of the building under construction (Book 65).
Fixtures are also important raw material required before construction takes place. These differ depending on the type of building under construction. These arte obtained from hard wares that get their supplies from factories. The factories assemble these product most of which are synthetic and make different assortments of the fixtures that are then utilized by those in the construction business to finish their buildings. The other important raw materials used in the architecture industry are the appliances. Most of the fixtures are made from plastics which come from different factories that either assemble waste plastic materials and recycle or re-use them. Buildings require appliances before people can start utilizing them. These come from factories that make the appliances, and they are then distributed to construction sites (Goumans 78).
The other product that is used as a raw material in the manufacture of appliances and paint is formaldehyde and formalin solutions. These are important in making different products that are useful indifferent industries including the construction and architecture. This product is harmful to human health especially if inhaled by those who do coating in the construction sites. Over time, one develops various respiratory complications that may be or may be not treatable.
The product is also useful in the manufacture of formaldehyde-based resins, and in the development of plastics. The main area of application is in wood-products. The product has various applications that make the finished product fit to be used in the architecture industry in construction and finishing. In the construction industry, this product is used as a water- and grease-proof on concrete surfaces and plasters. There are many other areas that the product is applicable. The raw material helps people in different industries, and not only those in the architecture sector. It is therefore, crucial for everyone to identify ways of reducing emissions and wastes from construction sites (Aalbers, 90).
Manufacturing of the raw materials required in the architecture and art industry requires detailed prices. The manufacturing process takes pale in different areas, and the finished products are transported to the construction sites for use. The raw materials are assembled from different sites where they are either mined or cut down, and then they are taken to the manufacturing plant where they are designed to suit its purpose. Steel is mined and taken to factories where they are manufactured to different products that are useful in the construction of buildings.
During the manufacturing process, different waste materials are produced. One of the main wastes from manufacturing of raw materials used in the architecture industry is carbon. This comes from the manufacture of fixtures, paint, appliances and from cutting down tress. Carbon is a harmful substance to human health and the environment. The effects of its release to the atmosphere is harmful as it has resulted in various climatically effects in the world currently. This includes global warming, floods, heat waves, prolonged droughts and unpredictable weather patters. This increases the risk of food insecurity, hence the loss of life.
Demolition is a part of the construction and architecture. This entails destroying buildings that have been in existence before. Though many people may opt to renovate their houses or buildings, others decide to demolish them before coming up with new buildings that serve their demands. It is vital to examine how these demolitions affect the environment, and the harm that it brings due to waste products. In this case, demolitions release many waste products to the environment. These can be useful raw materials when they are recycled or reused (Barton 67).
Some of the raw materials that come from demolition include lumber, appliances, hard wares and in other cases fixtures. These are vital for the construction of new buildings. They are important raw materials that can be used in the construction of the new building or in making repairs in other buildings. The extraction of these products from the demolition site requires keen salvaging. This entails picking everything that is in a good state, and doing repairs where it is required. This is an important way of making sure that costs are minimised and raw materials obtained from previously used products (Ahmed 78).
There are other ways of ensuring that these materials are not put into waste. This is specifically applicable fro wood products. As stated earlier, lumber use in construction causes many harmful effects to the environment and contributes a lot to changes in the climate. Therefore, it is vital to identify ways of ensuring that people minimise the use of lumber. One such way is through recycling of lumber products. These range from furniture to composite decks. However, one should note that some of the wood products like outdoor applicants, roofing are coated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA). This is dangerous and harmful product that should not be recycled. It should also not be burned as a way of disposal as it emits a lot of harmful gases.
The other raw material that is useful in the architecture industry is asphalt and concrete. These are products useful in the construction process that is useful especially when it is re-used or recycled. Other waste products that comes form the demolition process are metals. These are normally mined and then processed to fixtures and other useful products used in the industry. These include steel and brass. Copper is also another vital metal that can be recycled or re-used to minimize costs. These materials are strong and can be put into use over and over against. It is only upon those in the construction industry to consult with each other on how to go about the recycling process.
Architects plan for houses and other buildings that will last for a long period. However, the amount of materials used in the process of construction of the buidlinggs emits a lot of wastes and emissions to the environment. With time, these buildings are either undergoing demolition or renovation. This means that there are even more waste materials and emissions coming form the sites that it was during the construction process. It is therefore, vital to come up with ways to ensure that these emissions and wastes do not endanger the lives of people as well as the environment. There are different products that are used in the construction process that can still be used during the renovation or after the demolition process. It is important to ensure that these products are re-used or recycled helps in reducing expenses and safeguards the environment. The effects of the activities that architects and artists cause to the environment are many, but no one really pays close attention to how these innocent actions affect the globe. It is therefore, crucial for everyone to take on different initiatives to ensure that materials are used well. This can be through minimization of its use by looking at alternative ways that can produce the same results. The other way is through re-using where products are put to the same or alternate use after a while. Recycling is also another key way of making sure that there are no wastes in the environment. This mostly applies to wastes that take as long time to rot. By recycling these products, one does not only ensures the environment is clean, but also reduces the cost of manufacturing new products that can serve the same purpose.
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