Jaishankar (2009) shared that both the phenomenon of Globalization and advances in technology such as wireless communication and the internet have brought countries relatively closer and borderless with each other. However, it is also important to note that the same phenomenon that brought positive outlook to the world also carried with it some negatives including the evolution of criminal activities. Criminal activities have also revolutionized themselves with the aid of available resources including technology. It is believed that the advancement of technology also added knowledge to criminal groups. Criminals have now the option to use the cyber space to conduct their wrong doings (Jaishankar 2009). With this in mind, it important for crime fighting to revolutionize to not only be at step with criminals but also to develop contingencies for eradicating criminal activities. Due to the development and integration of technological advancement in both criminal groups and crime fighting efforts, the challenge now became wider in terms of scope.
The question now lays on what are the implications of the evolution of crime fighting methodologies to societies not only in a local but also global perspective. Stockdale (2008) mentioned that some societies may require longer time compared to other to adjust in terms of adjusting to the evolution of crime fighting. It is argued by Jaishankar the main solution for addressing global crimes is to actually think globally. If crimes are now turning into a more global impact, crime fighting must also be global. The global implications and advancement of crime fighting will impact societies in different parts of the world because it will entail them to build connections and foster relationship with other governments and agencies. The move, however, will affect the existing policies of different countries because the scope of criminal fighting is now wider and more technological. The mind-set now is that local crime policies no longer function in a vacuum (Jaishankar, 2009). The policies adopted by one country are now influencing other countries as well. The countries are now expected to cooperate and communicate with one another in attempting to solve issues of both crime and justice both from a local and international perspective. Jaishankar (2009) further added that governments must now think beyond Interpol and Europol to stop transnational crime. It is added that international criminology is viewed through the American lens. However, it does not limit the criminal fighting attempts in the perspective of Americans.
Human Trafficking, for instance, is considered by many existing literature as one of the murkiest area in studying international criminology. There are many countries and agencies involved in attempting to eradicate the societal problem. The organization behind the crime became more global and operates all across the globe tapping not only one continent but many others. The difficult of eradicating the crime roots from the magnitude and area the organized crime groups managed to stem themselves.
Jaishankar K (2009). International Perspectives on Criminal and Justice. Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Kelling G &Moore M (1998). The Evolving Strategy of Policing. U.S Department of Justice.
National and international perspective on crime and policing (2010). Towards a coherent strategy for crime reduction in South Africa beyond 2010. Institute of Security Studies.
Stockdale C (2008). A (R)evolution in Crime-fighting. Forensic Magazine