We are living in an era wherein the essence of economic prosperity and soundness is the most important thing and it is influential as well among different things in provisions. In the current economic crisis, many companies went bankrupt and many employees have been laid off from their job which was not at all a good sign for the world’s economy
In considering the same fact, the rates of poverty in the countries are increasing day by day and the stance of the same is quite high in the rural based areas (Jonathan Mitchell, p.56). Among number of Rural based areas, the name of African Region is one of them. Africa is the world’s second largest continent of the world. It is also the 2nd most populous continent in the world with over 1 billion people in total population. The region covers around 6% of the total earth’s surface and about 15% of the total population of the earth. Most of the parts of African region is under developed however some of them are highly developed like South Africa. The rate of poverty in this particular region of the world is extremely high. The main theme of this paper is to analyze the rural based poverty in African region. African region is important from number of viewpoints, but this particular region is delivering different provisions from different aspects in total.
Poverty would not be appreciable for the economies from any standpoint and it needs to be on a certain and manageable manner in total. Poverty in Africa basically refers to the lack of basic human needs faced by the country. The nationals of Africa typically falls towards from the bottom line approach measuring the small size economy activities, such as Income Per Capita or GDP per Capita, despite a wealth natural resources in total. United Nations (UN) had identified several time of this lacking and in the recent development, it is defined the Low Human Development within the company in the Sub Sahara region (Jonathan Mitchell, p.56)
Most of the countries come under the ambit of African region has a GDP per capita income of less than US$ 200 per year, which is extremely low which put nearly 80% of the population of this region below the poverty line. The share of Income in the African region is dropping heavily consistently from last decades. It has been observed that the rate of poverty is extremely high in the rural areas of Africa, as more than 70% of the continent’s poor people live in the rural area of the region and depends heavily upon the agriculture for food and livelihood, yet the development based assistance to the agriculture sector is decreasing (Augustin Kwasi Fosu, p. 144).
Rural Poverty in many areas of African region strengthens its roots merely in the colonial system with the institutional restraints which is imposed heavily over the poor people. It is needed to revised infrastructure and policies of the country merely to modified the income gap accordingly. In the recent times, this particular gap has been identified and modified with the help of effective economic policies in total. The structural adjustments in the rural system have dismantled the entire situation of the country as a whole (Augustin Kwasi Fosu, p. 144).
The biggest problem which has been identified in the UN and other officials is the lack of access of Africa in different markets of the world. This particular problem should be decreased considerably merely to shorten the gap of income accordingly. The population of Rural Areas has been isolated outrageously due to lack of access to the market and ineffective government policies. Due to this particular stance, the region is having a tough time (Augustin Kwasi Fosu, p. 144).
There are number of authors who has had defined that problem of rural poverty and challenges here in the African region in total. Patrick J. Muzzale wrote an article with the name of “Rural Poverty, Social Development and their Implications for Fieldwork Practice” which has been identified with different things in total. The second article which has been taken into account for the same is “Rural Poverty: Old Challenges in New Contexts in Africa”, written specifically by “Stefan Dercon”.
Both of the articles pertain to the Rural based challenges, problems and poverty in the African region in total. The approaches of both of these authors are more than perfect to complete this particular thing in a perfect manner. Both of the authors had researched the income data of the country and the region along with other sociological factors influences on the region in total and wrote their findings perfectly.
African region is one of those regions of the world, which is not effective as far as economic prosperity is concerned. The continent is having number of challenges, including, poverty, hunger and lack of financial resources. The people of this region are living miserable life and this particular aspect has been identified by many of the authors in their articles and some of the author’s work had been identified in the above recognition.
Augustin Kwasi Fosu, Germano M. Mwabu, Erik Thorbecke. Poverty in Africa: Analytical and Policy Perspectives. London: University of Nairobi Press, 2009.
Jonathan Mitchell, Christopher Coles. Markets and Rural Poverty: Upgrading in Value Chains. New York: IDRC, 2011.