Quick facts of Assessment
Formative assessment is an assessment implemented to examine the students’ learning progress during instruction. Summative assessment aims at estimating students’ achievement at the end of the learning process. It provides achievement after its comparison against particular set or scale (Borich and Tom, 2010).
We need clarity of educational objectives, instructional designing and what, why and when learner is supposed to examine are important assessment. We have to identify proofs which conclude the students’ learning. We have to keep proper allotment of time, focus on a specific area, avoiding vague or irrelevant queries in mind. The level of learners is also critical. For example, our objective is to assess understanding of factual information then we devise a multiple choice, short queries or fill-in-the-blank assessment .
Borich ,G., & Tom, K. (2010). Educational testing & measurement: Classroom application and practice(9th ed.).New Jerssey: John Willey & Son.
Carnegie Mellon. (n.d.). Why's and how's of assessment. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from https://www.cmu.edu/teaching/assessment/basics/formative-summative.html
Educational Testing Service. ( 2003 ). Linking classroom assessment with students learning. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from https://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL_Institutional_Testing_Program/ELLM2002.pdf.
James E. Ysseldyke, B. A. (2006, March 21). Effective Assessment for Students With Special Needs: A Practical Guide for Every Teacher. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=TB16FeBXhJQC&dq=%E2%80%A2+When+is+the+assessment+most+appropriate%3F&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
John R. Beech, L. H.-J. (1993). Assessment in Speech and Language Therapy. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=tMQ9AAAAIAAJ&dq=%E2%80%A2+When+is+the+assessment+most+appropriate%3F&source=gbs_navlinks_s: ISBN 0-415 -07881-4
Randi McCreary, eHow Contributor. (n.d.). Strengths and Weaknesses of Assessments in the Classroom. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/info_8456103_strengths-weaknesses-assessments-classroom.html.
Rrichard J. Stiggens, J. A. (2004, Jan 1). Classroom Assessment for Student Learning: Doing it Right -- Using it Well. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from Classroom Assessment for Student Learning: Doing it Right -- Using it Well: ISBN 0-955510-1-5-8