Issue Analysis for Agriculture or Environment
Issue Analysis for Agriculture or Environment
The issue we are going to discuss is “does agriculture have bad effects on climate?” agriculture is an important field of work that is not related to a single area or a country. The entire world is directly or indirectly is related to it. The agriculture is extremely important that humans cannot survive without it. What about our environment? Is there any effect of agriculture on the climate? Are they associated with each other in any manner? In this paper, we are going to look at this issue.
According to my point of view today the technology or high pesticides we use on crops in other to make it safe does affect our climate. Also, to that, the area of land involved in agriculture is increasing day by day due to increase in consumption. The main reason of this is increasing the population. So ultimately it is destructing the natural habitat and ecosystem. Creating an imbalance in natural settings.
There are a numerous number of benefits are associated with agriculture as it provides food to the people. Food is the basic need of all living organisms. Plus it provides a great number of people with employment. Soil building practices during organic agriculture help to build the nutrient of soil in such a way that it become beneficial for both flora and fauna. The agriculture does not provide benefit only to humans but also to other animals too.
Talking about its environmental effects, as we all know how climate is changing day by day due to the global warming. The organic agriculture helps to maintain environment also and helps to reduce the greenhouse effect (Smit & Skinner2002).
As the organic plants have the ability to absorb carbon in the soil. In the world economy, agriculture plays a basic role. It provides thousand and hundreds of people with money. Even in a country as a whole, many of them depends upon agriculture. There is a trade for agriculture between the countries. Moreover, their Agriculture is related to increasing biofuel. The plants like soybean, sunflower are the basic of many bio-oil using throughout the world.
Amid the last 50% of the twentieth century, what is referred to today as present day horticulture was extremely fruitful in taking care of developing demand for sustenance by the world's populace? Yields of essential harvests, crops like wheat, corn, and rice expanded drastically, the cost of sustenance declined, the rate of expansion in product yields, for the most part, kept pace with populace development, and the quantity of individuals who reliably go hungry was marginally diminished. This help in nourishment creation has been because of experimental advances and innovations. It includes the improvement of new product assortments, the utilization of pesticides and composts, and the development of expensive watering system frameworks (Smit & Skinner2002).
First of all the main disadvantage of increasing agriculture if the loss of natural habitat. Land conversation is another con of agriculture. With the increase in consumption and demand, the deforestation in today time is very common. It has adverse effects on the climate as forests are the backbone of environment balance in the world.
Another problem is wasteful consumption of water. The water that is wasted from agricultural lands has many chemicals including different pesticides in it that cause the problem to the other land animals as well as aquatic life in the water. It is fatal to them. So this is a serious issue.
The erosion of soil is another con of the agriculture at every level along with the degradation. The continuous agriculture on the land causes ultimate remove of all nutrients of the soil making it less fertile. Therefore, the farmer has to use artificial nutrients to the agriculture lands.
It has been noticed that over the top dependence on monoculture cultivating and agro-industrial inputs, like, capital-serious innovation, and synthetic manures has contrarily affected the earth and rustic culture. Most agriculturalists had accepted that the agroecosystem and community dichotomy need not prompt undesirable results. On the other hand various "environmental sicknesses" have been connected with the strengthening of sustenance generation. They might be assembled into two classifications: one of them is illnesses of the ecotype that incorporate disintegration along with the loss of soil ripeness and supplement stores consumption (Scott & Vollrath1992).
Climatic change and the “genetic erosion” are other effects that agriculture has on the environment.
A great number of stakeholders are involved in this business of agriculture. They are the firms that provide the basic materials for the production of crops involving the pesticides and other chemicals. The stakeholders also include the multinational companies that provide machinery to the farmers. Then there are those who trade the final products on the local, national and international level (Scott & Vollrath1992).
A great chain of stakeholders are related to this business both on the national and international level.
Major benefits and major risks
Advantages and disadvantages have been discussed before.
The major benefit of agriculture is that it provides humans with food that is the basic need for survival. Whole the major risk is that on some point it has bad effects on climate as well (Howden et al, 2007).
As everything has its pros and cons agriculture has too. Agriculture is an important field that we cannot ignore its benefits. However, there are few adverse effects of agriculture on the environment that cannot be ignored too. As due to greenhouse effect the climates issue are already at its peak and on this point removing forests for agriculture land is not safe too. In my opinion after the whole study, the agriculture processes must be friendlier than they are right now.
Smit, B., & Skinner, M. W. (2002). Adaptation options in agriculture to climate change: a typology. Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, 7(1), 85-114.
Howden, S. M., Soussana, J. F., Tubiello, F. N., Chhetri, N., Dunlop, M., & Meinke, H. (2007). Adapting agriculture to climate change. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 104(50), 19691-19696.
Scott, L., & Vollrath, T. (1992). Global Competitive Advantages and Overall Bilateral Complementarity in Agriculture (No. 154792). United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.