Define the long term memory modules, including declarative memory, procedural memory, semantic memory and episodic memory. Use personal examples of how you have used each of these memory modules.
Long-term memory depicts a system of the brain that has the ability to store huge amounts of information on a comparatively enduring basis (Angell, 1920). For instance, One day as I was playing cricket, I remembered what I had eaten for dinner the previous night; hence, I drew information stored in long-term memory.
The Declarative Memory is in charge of factual data, names, dates, buildings, etc. While Procedural Memory is termed as the memory center for habits and skills; for instance when I was playing cricket, hitting the cricket ball is an example of procedural memory. Semantic Memory is the storeroom for general knowledge and facts regarding the world e.g., scientific formulae or historical facts. For instance, I have used this memory to know that cats have a tail. Finally, Episodic Memory is may be termed as memory for information pertaining to biographical details, life events and episodes. Episodic memories may be related with a specific place and time.
Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences proposes that there are eight(8) distinct spheres of intelligences. Describe each sphere. In which area does your greatest intelligence reside? Why do you think you have particular strengths in that area? Share at least two (2) examples.
Visual/spatial may be the understanding of ‘graphic art’. For instance, putting a puzzle together or reading a map is the understanding of visual intelligence. Verbal/linguistic refers to intelligence that centers on the comprehension of words as in a public speaker, a writer, or a lawyer. Mathematical/logical refers to the comprehension of figures. Bodily/ kinesthetic comprehends the utilization of the body; for instance, in football. Musical/rhythmic is comprehending and having ability to put across music. Intrapersonal is the capacity to know oneself. Interpersonal is the capacity to read or comprehend an individual. Finally, naturalist is having the capability to see blueprints in nature (Thompson, 1999).
The area that my greatest intelligence resides is in interpersonal intelligence. I have particular strengths in intelligence since I can communicate well both non-verbally and verbally and can work well in a group scenery. I prefer to be the person in charge of the group and enjoy interrelating with others. Moreover, I enjoy assisting others; people come to me so that I can help in settling their conflict. In a nutshell, I am good in making people comfortable and also understanding.
Angell, J.R. (1920). An Introduction to Psychology (2nd. Ed.). New York: Henry Holt and Company. Print.
Atkinson, R.L., Atkinson, R.C., Smith, E., & Bem, D. (1990). Introduction to Psychology (10th ed.). San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Print.
Thompson, Holly., (1999). Multiple Intelligences Link. Multiple Intelligences. University of Georgia. Retrieved February 24, 2013; from,