According to Aristotle’s terminology, a branch of philosophy that examines the phenomena in the natural world and includes fields that are regarded as biology, physics and other natural sciences is called natural philosophy. Aristotle held belief that being virtuous was a very important role when one still lived (Chaffee 2012).
There are many beliefs in our community and are related to correcting vices or being virtuous. One belief, for instance, is the presence of karma. There is a common belief that what goes around comes around. On one account of karma, a couple was involved. The society normally believes that women are lesser beings in comparison to men. So there happened to be one woman who got married to a man who carried similar beliefs. It was almost routine for the man to get home drunk or to go missing for days then show up untold. The couple had three children, all female (Chaffee 2012). The mother had to work extremely hard to cater for the needs of the family, and to keep her daughters in school. Her husband on the other hand would sell his property one at a time and spend the money on unaccountable activities. Unfortunately, the poor woman fell ill and eventually passed on. Lucky enough, her eldest daughter had already completed her education and therefore looked for a job to help keep up her two siblings (Kristjan, 2007). So in frustration, the man got married to another woman. The woman turned out to be irresponsible and at once organized a gang to beat up her husband. The man ended up very frustrated.
Philosophy on the modern outlook is considered to have begun with Descartes, when the objective of philosophy was diverted to epistemological queries. Many philosophers agree that metaphysical accounts are not scientific. It is also agreed that arguments in metaphysics cannot be tested on an empirical basis to determine how true or false they are. Philosophers give different reasons to prefer believing one metaphysical theory more than another. The more power a metaphysical belief holds, the more coherent it is (Bartlett, 2001). Some people argue that certain metaphysical beliefs apply better with what is recognized from other disciplines like Science, Psychology or History. Some theories are considered too far-fetched. Some people consider metaphysics to stand for what is held highest in the nature of humans and the drive for understanding the nature of the universe we find ourselves in (Kowalski, 2012). Some people think that humans can never hope to come up with answers to the metaphysical questions, but cannot help asking questions concerning metaphysics all in all.
Aristotle & Peters, F. H. (1930). The Nicomachean ethics. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner.
Bartlett, R. C. (2001). The idea of Enlightenment: A post-mortem study. Toronto: Universityof Toronto Press.
Chaffee, J. (2012). The Philosopher’s Way. New Jersey: Prentice Hall PTR.
Kowalski, D. A. (2012). Moral theory at the movies: An introduction to ethics. Lanham:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Kristjan, K. (2007). Aristotle, emotions, and education. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Mandal, S. K. (2010). Ethics in business and corporate governance. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.