During the early American history, there were a lot of ideologies that were developed to help in putting ideas across trying to relate different issues that were affecting the society. There were a number of authors who came up with different ideologies trying to address the violence, political, labor, freedom and the inequalities that were being experienced during this period. The concepts will be analyzed based on Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein, Hegel Phenomenology of spirits, and George Orwell Homage to Catalonia. The paper will give a summary on what the three authors thought regarding different ideologies that seemed to affect the society at that particular time. In essence, this will be a summary that will provide an understanding on what the authors thought about violence, political, labor, freedom and inequalities.
All authors are based in a historical era where they try to beat the odds by liberating themselves from a set way of thinking that the society has come to adapt as the way to life. This is clear through the various concepts that are developed by the three authors in efforts to try and challenge the limitations that the society have been living under (Orwell 92). This is through establishing a new way of thinking that will free the society of the norms that they are used to and look into other possible ideologies that may give clear understanding of different things. These ideologies are mostly based from a philosophical point of view. This is because most of the authors are philosophers who try and explain different issues that may be affecting the society or trying to challenge the existing norms.
During these early historical times, the society had set certain limitations to individual freedom. This is through limiting the ability of individual to partake or to give their opinion regarding certain matters that people may have tried to address. This was a result of the uprising that was going on, the advancement of advanced technology and the wars that were being experienced during this era. There was a need by people such as this authors who questioned the authority and the limitations by trying and establishing a new kind of understanding regarding the developments that were being made (Orwell 97). This can be experienced through the efforts these authors make in trying to ensure their voice was heard and whatever message they were trying to put across reached the intended recipients. There is also an experienced need for personal and group and individual freedom through the various concepts that are established trying to challenge science and the societal beliefs through creating a new kind of thinking that was currently facing opposition and great critics during this particular era. The need for equality was being undermined by the persons in authority during this particular period since personal freedom and expression was seen as a threat and a challenge towards authority. It is clear that the three authors, Mary Shelly, Hegel and George Orwell saw the need for equality and tried to fight towards the same cause as it is established through their work. Their work tries to challenge and advocate the need for equality in order to put their diverse ideas across.
The inequality is addressed from a general perspective by all the three authors. This is due to the various concepts that had been associated with different theories. During this particular period, there was inequality since only influential people could put their messages across. There were various limitations that the authors write about in efforts to oppose these moves. They were largely based on political and other external factors that they had no control over. In efforts to fight against the issues surrounding them; they had to write and comment on aspects that were challenging their work. Their work was criticized for failing to follow the stipulated policies. The authors of these books criticize undertakings that undermine equality in efforts to foster the establishment of a liberal society. They challenged the existing government to consider reviewing the policies that limited people’s ability to air their views and to seek diverse opportunities that are convenient to them (Hegel 45). This is seen in the work the three authors do and the way they express their thoughts regarding these limitations. This tries to explain the similarities in understanding and the challenges they posed to the existing theories.
Inequality is a concept that three authors tried to address in order to ensure their message was put across, and their work recognized. Inequality was evident through the arguments the various authors posed in efforts to ensure that all individuals in the society were given equal opportunities. During this particular in time, there were a lot of changes that were taking place, however, there were a lot of challenges that they encountered in trying and carrying out their practices. This is because there are members of the society who were not in support of the new kind of thinking that they were trying to introduce (Shelly 67). They also argued of the need for a society to embrace a new way of thinking that would free the society of the way of thinking they are used to. The need for equality was relevant to the authors since they wanted to introduce a new way of thinking that was under great critics (Hegel 45). The critics were because they were trying to go against the social norms which had prevailed over the years. Other individuals in the society saw their theories and concepts as a threat to their beliefs. In order to put their message across, they required the society and the authority to stop inequalities that were making it impossible for them to express themselves. The inequality was a hindering factor since there were members of the society who were determined to ensure that they were not heard and that whatever message they tried to put across went to waste (Orwell 38). Hegel states, “In a communistic society, where provision would be made in a way which is universal and permanent, either each comes to have as much as he requires—in which case there is a contradiction between this inequality and the essential nature” (Hegel 192). Orwell also revisits the idea of inequality by describing the system observed by the Catalan militaries that theorized the idea of equality only on paper. The scholar notes that the central point of the system that governed this community was social equality among the officers and men. He notes that the system policy stated that, “everyone from general to private drew the pay, ate the same food, wore the same clothes, and mingled on terms of complete equality” (Chap. 3). However, the most interesting thing is that this hardly happened on the group besides being stipulated clearly in the governing principles. The authors were determined to provide the society with a new understanding of various issues that may have been hindering progress in the society. They wanted to provide a new understanding of things that had previously been unchallenged due to the existing norms (Shelly 30). In order to challenge the existing societal beliefs and authority, there was a need to ensure that there was equality that would facilitate the development of their ideas. This is because; it is only through equality that they would ensure that other authors who wanted to give their views in future regarding various factors and concepts within the society are heard. The authors were trying to emphasis on equality since it is only through equality that different ideas and concepts would be integrated or create a new understanding of different things in the society. The need for equality was steered by the rate at which development was taking place and the various theories that were being developed to question these developments.
The three authors try to argue out the need for equality. This is because they view that equality will enable to free the society of the mindset that they are accustomed to that does not allow them to take part in other activities and to question the existing concepts and theories. The authors see the need to liberate themselves for inequality (Shelly 34). In order to put their message across and to impact constructively in the society, it is required that they emphasis on their work and create an understanding of whatever they intend to put across. They efforts are heard are put into consideration, which allows for the integration of their work and the different theories. It is only through equality that they could attain their objective because they went against odds that had not been challenged during this particular period.
It is clear that these authors try to create a new understanding of things by giving a new perspective of the original concepts that had been initially established. This is made clear through their work, in order to facilitate the development of their ideologies they need to overcome certain limitation that the society had built which hindered them from putting their message across. These were among the reasons as to why the authors are seen to be challenging the existing concept which had put limitations that made people not to question the existing concepts. With the development in science, art and the wars that were taking place during this period, many people were questioning many things but had no chance to address the queries publicly (Shelly 32). These authors see them as an opportunity to try and raise questions and develop concepts challenging the limitations that had been put. Their work made significant contributions to the modern world and history due to the various concepts that were established that challenged and created a new understanding of various things that were taking place within the society that had previously failed to be addressed.
In conclusion, it is evident that three authors had a similar understanding of inequality, this among the concepts that the authors try to address. This is because inequality was a hindering factor to their work where individuals were not given equal opportunities to try and express themselves. For example, in the Mary Shelly’s book Frankenstein, she tries to create a mythical character that tries to question science and go against the odds by bringing up a new idea which states if it would be possible for man to create life due to the scientific innovations that took place during this period. The need for freedom is also a concept that is similarly addressed by the authors.
Hegel, G. W. F. Phenomenology of spirits. New York. Oxford University Press. 1976. Print.
Orwell, George. Homage to Catalonia. New York. Mariener Books. 1980. Print.
Shelly, Mary. Frankenstein. Australia. ebooks@Adelaide. 1818. Print.