In carrying out a patient assessment, important components such as patient health history and physical health should be examined using a holistic approach. A nurse would require information from the patient, friends and family, diagnostic tests and patient medical records (Jarvis, 2004). A comprehensive assessment should include a detailed survey of physical signs such as weight and height, an assessment of the patient’s body systems and organs. On the other hand, a priority assessment is a short evaluation, normally completed within 5 minutes, which gives an overall evaluation of the patient. However, a more in-depth assessment of the ...
6 Page Essay Examples
- Executive summary
In this form of venture much is needed from the customer in order to create an established organization. Jay sporting goods is a sporting organization with the aim of promoting the culture of fishing and hunting. With promotion of this culture the organization also aims to create a business empire from this venture. The venture has a target market of a very low population of consumers in society. In words by Kruse the promotion of hunting and fishing as a sport requires a very strategic structure when planning for its operations (65). This is attributed to ...
As noted with the Australian goose, members of an effective team must be interdependent (Whetten and Kim, 493). This implies that the works of the entire business depends on the interactive efforts of the whole team. However for the Decision Tech, this was not the case. Decision Tech kept looking for someone to blame in case a failure was noted. For an effective team this shouldn’t have happened. Instead they should have assessed the efficiency of the whole team and look at the gaps and inadequacies that was making the team to stumble. However the board at Decision ...
Cultural differences exist in every society in the world. These cultures manifest in various institutions such as industrial work places, business areas, and most important school institutions. Notable cultural differences included; the language difference the Americans and British speak English, the South Americans speak Spanish with those international students from Spain. There were French speaking students from native France as well as African countries e.g. Gambians and Cameroonians. Some cultures establish bureaucratic systems that are highly respected such that bypassing your superior is insubordination mostly in Latin American societies and African cultures. However, in the United States of America ...
Security systems are undergoing development with the development of cryptographic protocols that help to secure these communications channels. There have been extensive researches that have been carried out to come up with better security mechanisms that will secure information systems. A cryptographic protocol is a protocol which makes use of cryptography so that they are able to achieve their goals, these goals could include sending private or public keys over the network. There are protocols that are used for securing security systems. This paper will focus on two protocols, NRL analyzer and Bellare-Rogaway model (Tanenbaum, 2003).
How it works
It is a verification tool that is written in Prolog and is used to analyze cryptographic protocols that are used to undertake authentication of services. They are also used to distribute keys in a network. The protocol works by filtering states which are unreachable. The states which remain after the search are searched exhaustively (Fourazan, 2008).
The basis of this model is that of term-rewriting model of Dolev and Yao. In the Dolev and Yao model there is an assumption that is made that there is an intruder in the network that is in a position to read all message traffic, do a modification of message traffic, and undertake any operation on the message traffic. This operation could be encryption of decryption. All these capabilities that the intruder is able to perform are available to the legitimate user of the protocol. There is an assumption, however, that there are some words that the intruder still does not have. These words could be the keys, or messages which have already known. The objective of the intruder is to find those words. Given the fact that any message that is sent by legitimate senders of messages could be sent by intruders, the protocol can be regarded as a system of algebra that is being manipulated by the intruder. The main goal of the intruder is to undertake the manipulation of the message so that the secret word can be achieved (Diffie, 1976).
The words that have been produced by the algebraic system will be required to follow some basic principles. An example of the principle is that of the same key used for both the encryption and decryption using the private-kept algorithm is required to be self-cancelling. We can therefore think the intruder as striving to find a solution of word problem in s system that is re-writing. With the use of this knowledge, Dolev and Yao, and after some time, Dolev, Even and Karp came up with algorithms that could be used to prove the security of some limited classes of algorithms (Tipton, & Krause, 2007).
In the NRL protocol analyzer, the specification of protocols is undertaken as a way of transition of state machines. Each rule gets specified by making use of the following terms:
- It is a principle that before the rule can fire, there should be words that must have been input by the intruder.
- Values which should be held by local variables before the rule gets fired
- The words that are output, which are later learned by the intruder, should take place after the rule fires.
- New values are taken on by the local variables only after the rule has fired.
The above transition rules can also be used to describe actions that are undertaken by an intruder who will produce new messages by way of performing some operations like decryption and encryption (Dhillon, 2007).
Strengths NRL analyzer
NRL analyzer can be used to prove the security properties of cryptographic protocols and at the same time be used to locate where flaws are located. It has been particularly useful in finding flaws which were not initially known when Simmons Selective Broadcast Protocol was used (Butler et al., 2007).
The NRL has also nondeterministic feature. This is where there are sets of actions that have been predetermined and fixed.
Another strength is that a message that is regarded as secret does not have atomic term that is representing the message. In other words, it is idealized. The analysis methods that are used in this tool are regarded to be successful collection of tools and techniques.
In the word problems, each step that is being taken is a function that is symbolic from the message (input) to the output message. In this sense, the cancellation law that is followed is dkekx=x
This model is more complicated in terms of the composition of the adversary. There is no simple feature of the actions of computation. The messages are also found to be more complicated. The scheduler that is used in this model is different. There is no way that the model can be distinguished from power of induction (Stallings, 2003).
This is a model that is used for distributing entity authentication key. It is the first protocol that can be said to be safe and secure in key distribution and entity identification. Entity authentication can be described to be the process where an agent in a system which is distributed has confidence and prove enough that the communication partner with which they are communicating in the network is what it is proved in the network. Distribution partners in the network will give the session partners the key that will be used to achieve confidentiality, integrity and authentication. This is an improvement of other works like Needham-Schroeder, Encryption-decryption paradigm, confidentiality vs. data integrity issues (Benantar, 2006).
How the Bellare-Rogaway model works
In this system, all communication that exists between parties is under control of the intruder who is able to read, modify, or replay messages. In this system, the intruder is in a position of initiating new sessions anytime. Each party in the communication can be modified by an oracle in which the intruder can run. The oracles cannot interact with themselves. This model can be said to be safe because the only way in which the intruder can make the party to accept is through faithfully relaying of messages. This is referred to as benign adversary (Boyd, 2005).
In this model the players in the system are modeled by a function
In this function, 1k, is the security parameter, i is the initiator identity. J is the identity of the responder. The secret information is identified by a, while k is used to represent the conversion that has taken place so far.
Strengths of Bellare-Rogaway model
The strength of this model, there is provable security. The gains that are gained from this is that there is solutions for encryption problems, signatures, and proofs that are zero-knowledge. This comes because of choosing appropriate function h.
Another strength is found in the nature of attacker actions. The attacker actions in this model use any probabilistic poly-time computation.
It also has fine-grained security features. This means that the secret message means that there is no partial information regarding bitstring representation (Allen, 2003).
The analysis methods that are used by this method are regarded to be handproofs which are difficult and not prone to errors. Also, there is no automation.
Comparison of the two tools
The two tools seem to differ a lot. Bellare-Rogaway uses cryptographic reductions in the process of protocol analysis. NRL protocol analyzer, on the other hand, makes use of symbolic methods. In symbolic methods, messages are presented in algebraic terms. In this method, also the adversary (which is the intruder) has the ability to observe, store and take control of all the communication process. The adversary is also non-deterministic. It has the ability to decrypt, encrypt and sign the messages on condition that it has the key. Unlike Bellare-Rogaway, NRL analyzer sends message derivable from the parts that have been stored. The two models can be said to be undecidable when it comes to the use of nonses (Buchmann, 2004).
Another difference between the two models is that the number of unbounded sessions differ between those with nonses and those without nonses. Symbolic model has nonses which are bound while Bellare-Rogaway does not have nonses. The model with nonses has undecidable bounded length of message. The model without nonses, on the other hand, has time-complete (DEXP) bounded length of the message.
Allen, J. (2003). The ultimate guide to system security. Boston: Madison-Wesley.
Benantar, M. (2006). Access control systems: Security, identity management and trust models . New York: Springer.
Boyd, C. (2005). Cryptography and coding. Springer.
Buchmann, J. (2004). Introduction to cryptography. New York: Springer.
Butler, C., Rogers, R., Ferratt, M., Miles, G., Fuller, E., Hurley, C.(2007). IT security interviews: Why defense in depth should be implemented. Michigan: University of Michigan.
Diffie, W. (1976). New directions in cryptography. New Jersey ,(NJ): Pearson Prentice Hall
Dhillon, G. (2007). Information systems security and principles. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Fourazan, B. (2008). Cryptography and computer security. New York: Cengage Learning.
Tanenbaum, A. (2003). Computer networks. Prentice Hall.
Tipton, H., & Krause, M. (2007). Information security management handbook. CRC Press.
Stallings, W, (2003). Cryptography and network security. Bells Pearson Prentice Hall.
This paper will focus on Hotel Complimentary Products Limited whose complimentary offerings include hygiene bags and dispensers. The Hygiene bag dispensers cost £6.00 in London and are available in White and Chrome. The complementary refill packs cost £4.5 and contain up to 25 bags. In addition, loose hygiene bags are made available for customers who do not require the dispensers. Further, a discreet and convenient sanitary disposal technique is facilitated by a standard box quantity of 24 boxes x 25 bags. Their hygiene bag dispenser systems are designed to essentially provide clean, safe and convenient techniques of disposing of ...
US Company That Has Acquired Another Company And Is Operating Internationally
One of the leading sportswear companies in the world is Reebok. Reebok is a US company that has recently been acquired by Adidas. Their common adversary is the US company Nike which owns about a third of the global market share for sportswear. In 2005, Nike had a total market share of about 36.3%. In the same year when the merger between Adidas and Reebok was finalized, their market share jumped to 21.1% from a dismal 8.9%. The merger was announced in August 3, 2005, with Adidas-Salomon AG ...
Whether or the performance any worker should be connected to their performance has been a topic of contention for quite a long time. Measuring the performance of a worker is not easy especially in such fields as the service industry. One such example of job performance is that of teachers. Arguably, teaching is one of the most tedious white collar jobs following its monotonous nature (Brown & Heywood 28). For this reason, many scholars and experts have argued that the performance of a teacher tends to decline with time. Research has it that new teachers perform better than more experienced ...
The cultural dissonance can have tragic results for individuals who are trapped between the boundaries of two opposing cultures. The culture difference hence is depicted between Lia Lee’s parents and her doctors. She eventually ends up in a vegetative state for many years not because no one really cares about her epilepsy, but because of cultural and linguistic barriers between her parents who are Hmong and the well meaning American doctors. Linguistically, her Hmong parents do not understand English spoken by the doctors at Ann Fadiman‘s book can be taken to generally act as a warning conflict ...
Knowing that there are different types of culture is essential for every type of healthcare practitioner, especially for those who are required to treat and interact with patients. Examples of these professions are physical therapists, occupational therapists, medical technologist, physicians, and allied health nurses. These medical professionals treat their patients by either introducing an intervention to them, such as administering comprehensive exercise programs for rehabilitation specialists and prescribing medications and therapies for physicians and physiotherapist. Most, if not all, of these treatments require that the patient cooperates. In fact, patient cooperation is considered as an ...
This essay covers the questions regarding accepting and raising a special needs child, such as adjustments, accommodations, challenges and strengths that parents of a child with special needs might have to deal with. During the course of writing this paper and the previously conducted interview with parents of one such child, I have gained an immense amount of experience, the results of which can be found in the following essay.
Parents with special needs children are like on a journey that takes them into a life, often filled with powerful emotions, difficult choices, interaction ...
Quality management is a necessary function in any organization for the improvement in efficiency of organizational processes. Through quality management systems, a firm is able to attain good customer satisfaction, improved value in the supply chain, increased performance, and improved employee morale in customer awareness & satisfaction. According to Owlia (1997, pp. 527-543), during the quality management systems implementation phase, firms experience challenges, which at times may lead to failure in implementation of otherwise good systems. As a result, the organization is unable to reap the maximum benefits from the proposed improvements in organizational processes. The management has to look ...
The Closing the Gap policy is a 2008 arrangement by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) that aims to develop the living conditions of indigenous people within Australia. It is a policy aiming to reform standards of housing, health, and education among indigenous communities (Australian Government, 2012). As the name itself implies, it aims to “close the gap between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians in life expectancy, educational achievement and employment opportunities” (Altman, 2009, p. 2). It bears the main objective of removing the problem of indigenous disadvantage by imposing efficient systems of service delivery to indigenous people with adequate funding. As the policy targets to create a closer connection between government and indigenous people, it includes a set of programs spearheaded by various sectors (nongovernment, corporate and philanthropic organizations) tasked to assist several indigenous communities (Australian Government, 2012). In effect, the policy plans to bring government closer to indigenous people to mitigate and eventually remove all of the disadvantages that they experience through attaining statistical equality in life expectancy and health between Australia’s indigenous and non-indigenous population before the year 2030 (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 2).
Given that the purpose of the Closing the Gap policy is to place Australia’s indigenous people at an equal footing with its non-indigenous people in terms of health and opportunity benefits, it has key strengths that seek to improve the years-old problem of reaching statistical equality within Australia’s mixed populace. The idea presented in the policy is not a brand-new one, but rather it aims to place improved emphasis on achieving statistical equality. The policy has its roots from previous ones that have the similar idea. All of those policies met transformations during regime changes, with policies from past regimes encountering condemnation from incumbent ones – a notable example being the “practical reconciliation” approach introduced under the Howard government (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 3). The objective of the government to make amends to the Stolen Generations met efforts from as early as the Hawke government in 1983 (Altman, 2009, pp. 3-4), but the idea of equalizing the status of indigenous and non-indigenous Australian remained the same throughout succeeding policies.
The Close the Gap policy is the latest incarnation of those policies, and it has received positive acclaim from both governments and communities due to its straightforward approach. Pholi, Black and Richards noted that the “clarity and simplicity, political neutrality and promise of measurable progressgives the Close [sic] the Gap approach tremendous appeal across government and community sectors” (2009, p.3). Said policy clearly embodies the vision of unity among indigenous and non-indigenous Australians, particularly in terms of “working together to achieve a common goal (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 3).
It is maintained that the Closing the Gap policy embodies the noble intention of improving the standards of Australia’s indigenous people by way of attaining statistical equality with non-indigenous people made possible by suitable programs. Yet, it has a slew of criticisms that mostly target its conceptual framework and the adequacy of statistical equality in improving the conditions of the indigenous people. Kowal (as cited in Altman, 2009, p. 6) asserted that the policy’s lenience towards attaining statistical equality (remedialism) leads to an outright disregarding of the equality-difference conflict (orientalism). In other words, the policy leans towards imposing statistical equality but discounts tolerance of the difference of indigenous groups. Another problem tackles the conflict between the governmental approaches of mainstreaming as empowered by the policy and existing institutions of indigenous Australians. Altman (as cited in Altman & Hinkson, 2009, pp.6-7) takes into account the argument that the policy in question is a threat to the lifestyles of indigenous Australians, which are rooted in incentives that are highly dissimilar to non-indigenous ones.
Watson (as cited in Ingamells, 2010, p. 10), noted that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have clamored for increased participation within the policy level and in the incorporation of rights and services within their own communal systems. In support of such argument, Bailey and Hunt (2012, p. 50) recognize that in promoting progressive actions aimed at raising the standards of healthcare provision to Aboriginal people, a healthy partnership between those people and the government must ensue, and that all actors within such partnership must involve themselves in making decisions. Yet, the formulation of goals sought for implementation under the policy, all of which harbor the purpose of instilling normalization among indigenous communities to meet statistical equality, did not involve the consensus of those communities (Cooper, 2011, p. 31). Such reflects a top-down approach, presented by the postdevelopment theoretical paradigm that lacks consultation and real coordination between government and the indigenous Australians who are the supposed beneficiaries of the policy (Altman as cited in Ingamells, 2010, pp. 9-10).
Theoretical Underpinnings of the Policy
The attainment of statistical equality stands as the main objective of the Closing the Gap policy. Government intervention in the affairs of indigenous people appears as a requisite to meeting such objective, but in order for such to be effective, the government must avoid imposing an approach based on a “one-size fits all” paradigm, as it is important to take note of cultural distinctions when seeking to assist indigenous people (Altman, 2009, p. 13). As mentioned earlier, indigenous people derive incentives different to non-indigenous people, and thus it is important to create an atmosphere of cooperation between them and the government in order to make effective service delivery possible (Altman, 2009, pp. 6-7). Yet, studies have shown that such has not been the real case in the implementation of the policy; that its one-sidedness on the part of the government coupled with inadequate consideration of the needs of indigenous people in the transition process towards normalization has produced rather negative results inimical to the goal of removing indigenous disadvantage (Cooper, 2011, p. 31).
Highly noticeable from the foregoing is the fact that the Closing the Gap policy does not employ a theoretical basis. Its non-inclusion of contexts pertaining to society, culture and history (as seen in the apparent primacy of remedialism over orientalism) has led it to rely mostly on evidence provided by empirical data, as reflected in its main goal of attaining statistical equality (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 7; Kowal as cited in Altman, 2009, p. 6). The policy has incorporated statistical data as “both the means and ends” in reaching its goals, contrary to the general notion on public policy goals which integrate theory with such data. Statistical data functions both as a gauge of the “gaps” targeted to be “closed” by the policy and as evidence to determine whether the policy is successful in closing those gaps (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 7).
The pragmatism of the Closing the Gap policy further encourages “individual responsibility, opportunity and redemption” – all of which being key factors of the neoliberal school of thought. In this wise, government, as the policy enforcer, leaves unto indigenous people and communities the responsibility of countering their vulnerability through capacity-building and addressing particular social and economic demands. Within this purview, the vulnerability of indigenous people and communities traces its roots from their nonconformist standards in health, housing, education and the like. The government, taking off from said policy, introduces normalizing programs to empower indigenous people and communities in coming up with resolutions to counter their vulnerable state brought about by their unorthodoxy (Pholi, Black & Richards, 2009, p. 8).
Gaps between Policy/Program Developers and Policy Targets
Verily, the Closing the Gap policy has several gaps between the government side (policy and program developers, in particular) and the indigenous people and communities (purported targets of the policy). Central to those gaps is the lack of involvement from the indigenous side. While the participation of the indigenous people and communities in the policy and program-making process is highly encouraged for the sake of forming a constructive relationship with the government side (Bailey and Hunt, 2012, p. 50), findings show that there is lack of involvement on their part, which poses the danger of maintaining one-sidedness on the part of the government that might create the tendency of harmful or excessive remedialism rooting from top-down approaches (Altman as cited in Ingamells, 2010, pp. 9-10) that might overlook the compelling factor of tolerance for indigenous difference (Kowal as cited in Altman, 2009, p. 6). With the policy favoring normalization to reach statistical equality among indigenous and non-indigenous people, it is thus inevitable that said policy might run counter to the context-based interests coming from the indigenous side. The policy’s evidence-based approach, being devoid of theory, could potentially dispute the need of the indigenous side to have their differences – historically, culturally and socially defined, tolerated especially by the government. Such is an important area of the policy in question that renders an effective resolution.
The introduction of mechanisms that will resolve such problem in favor of a constructive partnership between government and the indigenous side can be made possible through analytical frameworks such as the Indigeneity-Grounded Analysis (IGA) (Carson & Koster, 2012, p. 117). The IGA harbors principles that are centered on the welfare of indigenous people and communities in bringing forth a better sense of understanding in establishing government-indigenous side partnerships, taking into consideration the convergence of indigenous and normative (Western) practices to avoid running counter to any virtues upholding tolerance of indigenous differences. In this wise, the participation of the indigenous side in the research process and relevant policy affairs is of great importance. In that way, the policy in question could truly fulfill its objective of removing indigenous disadvantage in the most optimal way possible (Carson & Koster, 2012, p.110, 117).
Altman, J., 2009. Beyond Closing the Gap: Valuing Diversity in Indigenous Australia. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research working paper series no. 54. Canberra: CAEPR/ANU
Australian Government – Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, 2012. Closing the Gap. [online] Available at:
Bailey, S. and Hunt, J., 2012. Successful partnerships are the key to improving Aboriginal health. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 23(3-4), pp. 48-51.
Carson, D. and Koster, R., 2012. Addressing the problem of indigenous disadvantage in remote areas of developing nations: A plea for more comparative research. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 7(1), pp. 110-125.
Cooper, D., 2011. Closing the gap in cultural understanding: social determinants of health in Indigenous policy in Australia. Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance NT (AMSANT), pp. 1-45.
Ingamells, A., 2010. Closing the Gap: Some unsettling assumptions. Journal of Social Inclusion, 1(1), pp. 7-22.
Pholi, K., Black, D. and Richards, C., 2009. Is ‘Close the Gap’ a useful approach to improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians? Australian Review of Public Affairs, 9(2), pp. 1-13.
The books that will be compared in this comparison essay are ‘The Hunger Games’ by Suzanne Collins and ‘The Lottery’ by Shirley Jackson. While ‘The Lottery’ focuses on the town’s people having to draw out various slips of paper to see who gets a slip of each with a black dot of pencil, ‘The Hunger Games’ tells of Katniss taking the role of her sister as she is called to participate in the Hunger Games and tries to survive in the environment with Peeta. In the ends, this book maintains that Katniss and Peeta won the Hunger ...
Accrual Base Accounting and cash based accounting are 2 methods employed by managers in financial reporting of the earnings of a company over a period. As per Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), a company has a choice in application of accounting methods which is often referred to as earning management.
Accrual based accounting is a form of measuring the income where the effect of transaction is recorded when the transaction occurs rather than being recorded when cash is received or paid, which is the cash based accounting method. This method enables the combining of the current cash inflows and ...
1. How are the demographics of the United States changing at present? How might these changes effect inter-ethnic relations in the US? And how could such effects be shaped in part by the structure of city infrastructure and related public policies? Finally, contrast how order and conflict theorists would differ in their analysis of the general trends you discuss. Make sure you draw on information and arguments from both the Eitzen text and the article by Anderson titled “Cosmopolitan Canopy.”
Assimilation has been such a powerful theme in U.S. history that ...
There is no doubt that incarceration of parents is one of the greatest punishments children suffer when they are incarcerated from their parents. The additional challenges that come as a result of parental incarceration include material hardship and financial instability, instability in family relationships, poor educational results among children, and social problems such as stigma. Many a time, children of incarcerated parents are termed as the forgotten victims of imprisonment. Statistics show that there were 1.7 million children of incarcerated parents in the United States as of 2007 (Shlafer, Poehlmann, Coffino, & Hanneman, 2009. P. 508). Several million other ...
1.0 Paediatric profile for Toddlerhood (age 1-3 years)
Toddlerhood is a stage between infancy and childhood during which the child learns how to walk, talk, solve problems and relate with other people. Toddlers desire to be independent hence they often explore and assert their independence by saying “no” often. Toddlers are often low on skill and high on self will. For this reason, the stage of toddlerhood is often referred to as “ the terrible twos.” The stage lasts between the ages of one and three with each stage marked by physical, social and emotional development. Theories have been developed ...
Evidence based practice and applied nursing research are interrelated with emphasis being put on utilization of research related nursing practice. Nurses are encouraged to utilize research findings in order to make an impact on the health of individuals and groups that are under their Care and this has been directly linked to the development of the Evidence Based Practice (EBP). EBP is an interdisciplinary approach to clinical practice ...
Pharmaceutical products alleviate suffering in patients by presenting therapeutic benefits to them. There is risk in the use of these products, but by consenting to use the drug, the patient has deemed it fit that the benefits of the drug far outweigh the potential danger they may pose. There are two types of reactions that may be exhibited by the patient; adverse drug reaction and adverse drug event . Adverse drug reaction is the typical way in which the body responds to a drug that is toxic, and whose use was unintended. This usually occurs at normal doses ...
Report on Case 1: Diagnosis of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance
Enzymes act as biological catalysts, they speed up biological reactions and are also capable of regulation. Enzymatic reactions can be anabolic – where a new substance is built from smaller ones; or catabolic – where a substance is broken down to yield simpler molecules. In the example of fructose, enzymes catabolize this simple sugar to substances that are intermediates of the glycolytic pathway, allowing fructose, a 6-carbon sugar, to be used by cells to obtain energy in a way similar to glucose (also a 6-varbon sugar). Aldolase B is one of the enzymes involved in the catabolism of fructose, and its ...
“BA First Year”
Everybody loves the works of nature, but when these works all found in one place then there is a scramble towards this place. This place is unique and one of the most decorated Nature has to offer. This information sheet will offer all the information about Arran Isle. From its location, information on accommodation, travel, natural resources, activities and food found in restaurants and cafes. This will help in understanding various aspects of the isle when touring and get to visit the best sites and sample the most thrilling adventures in Arran.
Also referred to as The Scotland miniature, ...
Specialists in nursing have existed since early 1900s with nurse anesthetics and nurse midwives having been the pioneers. They lay formative foundations in early 20th century for advanced nursing practice. The roles of advanced nurses have not been clear historically. There was and still there is a lack of clarity in roles of different advanced nurses. This paper delineates the roles of clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioners.
Nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists are two of advanced practice nurses with nurse midwives and nurse anesthetists constituting the rest. Clinical nurse specialists provide care in a wide range ...
The essay discusses about psychology and its relation to science in the 19th century. Psychology is an applied discipline that encompasses the scientific study of the functions and the behaviors of the mind. The main objective of psychology is to understand individuals or a group as it establishes the general principles and also it researches about the unique cases.
In the beginning psychology was not regarded as a branch of science. This changed when psychologists realized that they can apply the scientific methodologies in the study of the human mind and the behavior to come up with ...
Question 1: Visionary Company
According to Jerry Porras and Jim Collins visionary companies demonstrate a set of characteristics which are a departure from what is the popular myth. Ordinarily, it would be expected that visionary companies would be characterised by the following: presence of a great idea, charismatic and determined leaders, maximization of profits, focus on beating the competitors and the tendency to hire chief executive officers externally.
Contrary to that, Porras and Collins opine that visionary companies are essentially characterised by a number of factors briefly discussed. They insist that visionary companies are premier institutions in their area ...
Everybody has variety of goals to accomplish his/her dream in life. So, when I was in high school, I began to set my goals that I want to be achieved in the future. One of my very important goals is learning English language. I faced some difficulties with learning English language and I struggled with achieving this goal, but in the end, it was more than worth it.
In Saudi Arabia, while I was studying for my Bachelor’s degree of Art in Islamic Studies, it was obligatory for us to learn English language as a required subject for ...
This essay deals with the notion of death and dying in the movie, where protagonists prove to be more than ordinary people who would probably succumb to the pressure of knowing that their last days are numbered. Instead, they face death head on and follow their bucket list, with items that need to be done in order for them to believe that they have led truly fulfilled lives. In the end, however, they figure out that for this, they did not need fancy dinners and exotic trips, rather what they needed was beside them all along: family and friends; ...
Marketing Communication is a vital component for creating and expanding the brand awareness. This primarily allows the customers to transform and create specific perceptions of the product in their minds. These perceptions primarily relate to the product specific attributes and the position of the product in the entire market. Such communication not only aids in creating new customer base but also assists in retaining the current customer segment and to build and nurture stronger relationship with the customers as well as the suppliers.
For the purpose of analyzing the marketing communication technique, ABC TV has been chosen. ABC has ...
Management planning is a process of identifying, classifying and analyzing, implementing and reviewing the set objectives and goals of the organization in a given period of time. Planning is a continuous process with its achievements obtained after a specified period of time has elapsed. Management planning is concerned with the future causes of actions by examining causes as well as effects of current decisions made to the future plans. Managers plan in order to take advantage of opportunities and strengths available in achieving their management goals as their organizational function. Management planning is a systematic process that involves predetermined ...
A large amount of the existing research work that has been carried in mobile networking are mainly based on the assumption that there is an existence of a path between the sender and the receiver. Decentralized mobile systems are however exemplified by network partitions and this has been one of the main driving factors towards the study and implementation of the fully context-aware protocols. This protocol is mainly based on the fact that nodes can be exploited as carrier of messages in the network partitions in order to attain delivery of network components. The nodes in context aware protocol ...
Motivation pertains to the forces that determine or influence the level, persistence, and direction of effort that a person exerts at work (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien & Hunt, 2012) where direction is the person’s choice from a given set of alternatives; level refers to the amount of effort exerted; and persistence refers to the duration by which a person sticks to a particular action (Schermerhorn et al., 2012). There are many theories that suggest the factors that motivate people. While none of them on their own offer a complete understanding of what motivates people, they all offer some ...
Question one: Explosives
The Oklahoma City bombing occurred at nine o’clock during the day in April 1995. It saw the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building. Two critical safety steps that were essential in the management of the disaster entailed the establishment of a safety perimeter that would limit the extent to which the first respondents could reach and the immediate withdrawal of the trapped bodies from the danger zones. The former essentially contributes in accountability and management of the respondents. It should be noted that the respondents’ desire to save anybody in the disaster must never ...
Quality of life and functioning relates to fulfillment of low level demands for life as outlined in Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs theory. It is the ability to acquire and enjoy fresh air as well as breathe efficiently. Also, it is to articulate one’s existence into self-actualization, which is the peak of successful living (Maslow, 1954 ). Therefore, in discussing this case study regarding the quality of life to be envisioned by a community health nurse for this ...
This presentation outlines a community assessment conducted at South Ozone Park, Queens, New York. It would entail a description of the community; display and explanation of data; designing of a genogram; interpretation of important features portrayed in the diagram and making a community diagnosis.
A.1: Community Description-South Ozone Park, Jamaica, Queens, New York
South Ozone Park is geographically located at the southeastern boundary of Queens’ borough. This awesome development aroused out of low class housing projects in the 1990s. On the north of its magnificently ...
Indirect Health care cost of obesity
Total Cost of obesity
In this research presentation the author will discuss how obesity in United States of America impact health care costs. This topic will be approached from the perspective of direct and indirect costs. Direct cost is related to treating obesity as a health disorder in itself without accompanying complications. Indirect costs emerge from associating medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart failure and arthritis among other serious diseases medical science is now discovering. These add up to what can be considered the total health care costs of obesity in United ...
Cookbooks are products that are thought to create health problems to many people. As a result, the government has resulted in taxing the product as a way of reducing the consumption of the cookbooks. This type of tax is called sin tax. It is a tax that is usually imposed on products that are thought to be harmful to the people. Similar tax is levied on cigarettes and alcohol. When sin tax is levied, the supply of the cookbooks reduces. This is because the price increases hence the demand reduces because the consumers shift to other similar products. Therefore ...
Conducting a plan investment review is an important part of sponsoring any retirement plan. A review can provide your firm with a valuable opportunity to review key areas, and to help ensure that every area is operating efficiently and also you are providing a compelling retirement plan benefitting your plan participants.
Q.1. Discuss the types of questions that a plans sponsor should ask during the design, implementation, and monitoring phases of the development of plan investment provisions. Please provide an explanation of why asking the question is important. Bring in supporting references where needed.
A.1 These days people are ...
Ang Lee's 2007 political romantic drama Lust, Caution is a beautiful, contemplative and breathtakingly tragic story about an undercover resistance fighter in World War II-era China, who begins to form a relationship with the man she is meant to kill - a collaborator with the Japanese. By presenting a hauntingly beautiful and poetic tale of a woman torn between who she is and who she is pretending to be, with tremendous stakes in the balance, Lee's film explores the ideas of performance and identity as a means to demonstrate her nationalism. Wong's character is presented as an actor, first ...
In business terms, risk can be explained as the inability to make correct anticipations or predictions about the incomes a business expects to realize in the future. A business faces risk due to the fact that it cannot accurately predict whether it will earn enough money to sustain its existence in future periods. Diversification, on the other hand, refers to the process of making several different investments that are not related so as to reduce the level of risk an investor faces.
Businesses may measure the amount of risk they face by analyzing the level of standard deviation they ...
Parents’ support to their children in their formal education leads them to become successful in school. Some parents understand that they have to be involved in formal education of their children, but sometimes, they do not know where to start from and when to find a time to make positive communication with their children’s school. Therefore, schools play a fundamental role in fostering parent involvement in school. To promote this, schools can initiate ways to communicate with parents through parent- teacher conference, inviting parents for meetings and organizing workshops/presentations about parent’s role in their children’s education, ...