- The propositions differ with regard to the opinions and views held by different individuals. They do not belong to the foundation because they do not exist on their own but are derived from other factors. The doubt inherent in this regard is that a human could possibly be wrong and therefore should not necessarily form the standard for reference formulated them. We hold different beliefs, which may be contrary to propositions that others make. As such, while one thing may appear to be sensible to one person, it may be very different as per another person’s view. Everything that man invents and implements has a source of inspiration, which motivates man to desire to find out the in-depth meaning of phenomena. Therefore, Descartes has a reason to doubt the independence of phenomena in that every phenomenon has a source of origin.
- It is impossible to doubt the existence of God. This is because every matter has an origin and the origin is not ordinary therefore, God must exist for matter to exist. Nothing exists out of its own will and power. Matter has been created so that it forms competent which is attributable to its existence. It is impossible to doubt the existence of God since the existence of phenomena is not just a normal occurrence but the power of some super natural being that controls phenomena. We do not need to see God to prove His existence. However, when we observe phenomena, we can trust our conscience with regard to existence of God.
- Critics explain that Descartes proof for God was circular because in his determination he revolves around phenomena and comes back to the initial point so that he proves the existence of God. However, it cannot ne circular. There are infinite occurrences, which take place randomly, or otherwise that depend on the will of God. This clearly implies that the existence of God is but a definite and straightforward matter, which does not require circular proof. Descartes’ proof for God is not circular. It is based on realities, which are evident in the routine life of humanity. Not everything that takes place that can be taken for granted. Evidently, there is reason for everything that takes place.
- One may think that this premise is false because considering the occurrence of phenomena. There are plenty of phenomena taking place, which indicates diversity with regard to occurrences. The existence of God is an infinite phenomenon which has taken place since time beyond comprehension of humanity. God has no beginning and no end. Therefore, the likelihood of thinking the premise of existence is something infinite to be false depends on the belief that people may hold based on opinions and ideas that they have always held onto in their routine life.
- Descartes has to prove God is no deceiver in order to explain for the fulfillment of phenomena as per God’s revelation. The knowledge of mathematics is God inspired for the benefit of welfare of humanity and therefore God takes His responsibility right. The existence of God does not rely on anything but the will of God Himself. It is clear that God has always been and nothing was before Him. Therefore, everything that has come up under the sun, which is to the benefit of humanity, draws from Gods plans. God is no deceiver since every of his plans and promises must achieve fulfillment in the right time as determined by God. Therefore it is crystal clear that the idea of development of mathematics is a God inspired plan which enhances the life of humanity enabling humanity to avoid certain discourses which would otherwise be detrimental in the issue of routine life.
- Different kinds of possibility are epistemological possibility, physical possibility technical and others. Physical possibility is the phenomenon where capability is a factor-determining occurrence. Technical possibility is the idea of developing opinions that have technical value. Epistemological possibility is not real because there is no limit to the knowledge that a human can have. Possibilities are determinable only by focusing on certain natural phenomena that influences and determines their occurrence. This clearly shows that possibilities are determinable only by looking at the natural factors that could influence their occurrence. Therefore, since there is open-endedness with regard to human knowledge, epistemological possibility is not real since it may imply limitation to the level of knowledge of humanity.
- A thermometer can be a reliable indicator in that it measures the prevailing condition at a particular moment. A person can be a reliable indicator in the sense they he or she can serve as an example of the results of a particular phenomena. Being a reliable indicator requires more that accuracy since accuracy alone does not imply achievement of the correct results desirable. Something cannot be reliable without our knowing of believing it as a reliable indicator in that, if one’s conscience does not uphold something, then it is clear it makes little sense to them hence unreliable.
- If a person is a reliable indicator of p, the person cannot believe p to be false since it has vale and meaning to them. For knowledge, it is necessary to develop the perceptive notion, which analytically assesses reliability and credibility to determine truth. The reliabilist thinks that this is not required for knowledge in that knowledge grows out of learning phenomena that has particular significance. Therefore, something will be false only when a person does not believe the things in question. This is because there is no interest, which could motivate the involved to engage in finding out the truth about the thing.
- If we believe things, we are capable of knowing things. Essentially, it is difficult for someone to know something unless they believe that the things are real and plays a particular role. We have to acquire the belief from sensing the significance of a particular phenomenon. Then once we believe in the thing, we get to know the things in finer details, which then culminate, to development of knowledge. If we develop interest concerning particular things or phenomena, then it follows that we shall either believe the things to be real or appropriate. This way, it is clear that we will know the things better since the desire to understand the hidden truths regarding the things propels people to do a follow up so that they can come to reality. Therefore, it is important for us to understand that we cannot come to the knowledge of phenomena unless we believe that the phenomena has a significant role to play