Proliferation of nuclear weapons is a global threat that calls for a global approach. Therefore, effective strategies that seek to counter nuclear weapons including their usage and further spread is an integral part of any national security agency. One of the essential elements in addressing nuclear proliferation is the use of diplomatic tools. The use of diplomacy is critical since it ensures that solutions are reached at amicably without the need for military intervention. For example, there was a proposal in the year 2002 to form a global partnership against the spread of WMD that was aimed at instilling a global responsibility regarding nuclear arms.
Another element is counter proliferation which involves the full integration of capabilities capable of combating the usage of nuclear weapons in national security systems or agencies. This includes the training and equipping of forces with the aim of sustaining operations that can defeat nuclear-armed adversaries. Another element is strengthening nonproliferation whereby the broader international community should make effort in preventing the acquisition of nuclear weapons by states. This requires the enhancement of traditional measures such as arms control, threat reduction assistance, export controls and diplomacy. Also, compliance with the relevant agreements such as Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty is critical. This helps in preventing unauthorized transfers of nuclear weapon technology, materials and expertise. There is also a need for states to pursue the universalization of non-proliferation and disarmament agreements. This includes the expansion of co-operative threat reduction and assistance initiatives. Finally, states should ensure that adequate support and resources are provided to international bodies and arrangements that seek to combat the spread of nuclear weapons. In conclusion, the elements can be generalized as diplomatic, intelligence, economic, military and law enforcement.
Joseph, Robert G. U.S. Strategy to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. U.S. Department of State, 2006. Accessed on 19 Feb 2014. [http://2001- 2009.state.gov/t/us/rm/63877.htm]
President Bush. National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America, 2002, pp. 1-9.