In Diabetic type II Patients, how does Self-Management Education Affect Overall Health Care Cost?
Self-management education is a fundamental paradigm that helps a majority of diabetic patients from severe consequences associated with the disease. Since debates type 2 is one of the chronic diabetic conditions, proper DSME is an appealing solution that provides a firm foundation to diabetic patients towards an overall improvement of their health conditions and physical activities (Kumar, & Snooks, 2011). In addition, DSME has been shown to be an intervention that improves on the overall health outcome of these patients. DSME often involves processes that facilitates the knowledge, skills, and the ability that aid with the prerequisite techniques for self-care, and life ling sustainable coping skills and behaviors. This duty if majorly anchored on the health care and community team providers, though it’s important for this team to have an elaborate referral process for the type 2 diabetes, by ensuring that the target patients have received DSME and DSMS, and consistently (Taylor, 2009).
The question then comes, bow does administration of DSME helps in reducing the overall cost on the diabetes type 2 patient?, and the answer to this question lies on the fundamental processes that a patient subjected to this technique would undergo. Principally, it’s worth noting that the initial process for the DSME admission to type 2 diabetic patients is provided by health care professionals, though the ongoing support process can be provided by any personnel who hail within this professional practice (United States, 2004). This intervention is thus aimed at addressing the patient’s health beliefs, cultural status, and numeracy, among other factors that would impede on an individual’s ability to cope with the challenges on self-management. Before delving into the actual implication of self-management education on the cost paradigm to the type 2 diabetic patients, it’s important to discuss a research table that gives critical terms and concepts ideal for this study.
The table below gives the guiding principles and key terms for the initial and the ongoing DSME
With regards to the principles discussed in the table below, it could be said that DSME is an effective means to reducing on the hospital cost for the diabetic type 2 patients. For instance, the admission of DSME to type 2 diabetic patients has shown to reduce the cost for hospital admissions and readmissions in the USA alone. In addition, this intervention is considered a sure technique for reducing on the lifetime overall health care costs due to the lower risks upon the DSME admissions (American Pharmaceutical Association, 2006). In addition, the cost of diabetes in the U.S in 2012 was estimated at $245 billion, and this is subject to a significant reduction with the admission of DSME. With even the worse situation projected for in the near future, the cost of treating and caring for the diabetic population in the USA is likely to hit a third by 2050 (American Diabetes Association, 2008). These healthcare impacts will have severe cost implications, and it will out rightly be unsustainable for the USA government to cater for the medical cost for its ailing population.
The rationale for using DSME is attributed to its impact and effectiveness in improving the hemoglobin action by at least 1% in persons suffering from type 2 diabetes (Vincent, 2006).
Hemoglobin concentration and regular dissemination in the body is critical platform to sustaining body processes, while abating the impacts of diabetes in the blood. In addition, DSME impacts positively on the clinical psychosocial as well as behavioral aspects of the diabetes. Either, DSME is a sure intervention that helps in reducing on the onset or advancement of diabetes-related complications.
Summary of other roles of DSME
Helps in improving the quality of life and lifestyle behaviors
Leads to enhanced self-efficacy and empowerment
Generates a healthy coping in the individual’s lifestyle
Abates on the level of diabetes-related stress and depressions
In summary, these improvements and impacts associated with DSME leads to improved lifestyle and reduction in the unnecessary costs associated with DSME. Besides, a person who has diabetes type 2 will experience low attendance frequency to the hospital, thus reducing on the costs of treatment and other medications to the disease.
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Taylor, S. I. (2009). Current review of diabetes. Philadelphia: Current Medicine
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