Essay Question #1 chp 12: 15 pointsFirst describe in detail Arneson’s Jackson Pollock. Next, discuss how Robert Arneson's Jackson Pollock blurs the line between craft and fine art. How does the glaze relate to the subject?
Arenson’s Jackson Pollock uses a technique that was developed in ceramics and pottery. It is a ceramic bust of Jackson Pollocks’s face with a piercing expression of uncertainty. It is deformed by glazed abstract streaks.
Glaze was originally a practical technique, but Arenson has used it artistically. The glaze used in the piece affects the substance and sensibility of the piece. They are reminiscent in the abstract expressionist techniques that Pollock employed in his art. Essay Question #2 chp 12 (15 points)Define what a logo is, find one you recognize in your text. Now find one in your everyday life that you think is successful in conveying what the product/service is. Describe this logo, who uses it, what does it look like? Where have you seen it? Explain, why and how you think this logo is visually appealing.
A logo is an emblematic design used to identify and advertise a company or an organization. I recognize both the Google and the Apple logo in the text.
Best Buy is a logo that I use within my every day life. It is a yellow price tag logo with the black text “Best Buy.” I think Best Buy strives to deliver both value and quality, and this logo does a good job of conveying that message. I have seen it on Best Buy stores and advertisements. I think it is simple, and it can be recognized from far away, which is useful for a store.
Essay Question #3 chp 16 (15 Points)The German Renaissance artist Matthias Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece is unusual and powerful for many reasons. Describe this work in detail, explain why it is significant. Explain how it depicts the Virgin and Child. How is lighting used here? Why is the depiction of the Christ figure different than other versions of the Crucifixion. What was the purpose that the artist created this work? Where was this work to be placed? Who did the artist create it for?Matthias Grunewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece is a depiction of the crucifixion which comes to life from four distinct components working together. The dominant piece is an arresting painting of The Crucifixion. With his dead hung, a sheep, Saint John of the Cross and Mary are below him. Mary needs to be comforted, so upset she is at her son’s crucifixion. The second piece is an alter in which Jesus is being laid into the tomb, his mother is there hunching over his body. To The Crucified Crist’s right, is Pontius Pilate, who washed his hands and allowed the crucifixion to happen? To Jesus’s right is Saint Peter, who became the figurehead of the new religion.
In the piece what is particularly dynamic is the relationship between the Virgin and the Child. Mary mourns for the loss of her son on the alter piece, which is more calming than her portrayal on the crucifixion. Religion inspired this piece. This piece was placed in the front of the church and used to celebrate Mass. Essay Question #4 chp 16 (15 points)Compare and contrast Leonardo's The Last Supper with Tintoretto's The Last Supper. What were Tintoretto's unusual painting techniques.,
Leonardo da Vinci was obsessed with rendering his subjects in perfect symmetry. While this required an impressive technique, it also yielded somewhat static images. In Leonadro’s Last Supper, all of the figures are at one side of the table, their symmetry is perfect, but the figures seems static. Tintorett’s The Last Supper has motion, and use of space. It is a dynamic image that is true to live. Tintoretto, painting a century after da Vinci provides a good example of how the conventions of painting changed over this time. Essay Question #5: chp 16 (10 points)Identify the two most significant areas of Europe for the arts during the Renaissance. Explain the differences found in the Renaissance art of Florence and Rome, of Siena, and of Venice.
I what is modern day Italy, and modern day Germany is where some of the most compelling advances in Renaissance art were made.
Florence and Rome saw a resurgence of Classicism. This was because Roman ruins were excavated in people’s backyards. Siena maintained an International style and Venice was influenced by the Byzantine tradition. Essay Question #6 chp 16 (10 points) Identify the three great masters of the High Renaissance in Italy. Give the name of a famous work of each.
Michelangelo – David
Raphael – St. George Fighting the Dragon Essay Question #7 chp 19(10 points)Explain what the Neoclassical style is characterized by. What were the dates of this style? Who were the most well known artists from this time? Name famous works and artists that are of the Neoclassical style. Choose one of these works and describe how it shows evidence of the Neoclassical style. Include, lines, palette colors, brushstrokes, how is spaced used?
The Neoclassical style is characterized by harsh sculptural lines, a subdued pallet. It began in the mid 18th century. The most famous artists were Jacques-Louis David, Angelica Kauffman, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres.
Angelia Kauffmann’s painting Listening to the Inspiration of Poetry is a good example of this period. It features who women dressed in clothing of the time. Subdued colors complete the palatte and soft brush strokes are employed. There is a central figure which is complemented by whitespace. Essay Question #8 chp 19(15 points)Did the artist Francisco Goya, belong to a particular group or movement of art? If so which? Describe in detail (your own words and observations) one of the most famous of his paintings which is The Third of May, 1808. What was significant about this work? What was the public and critic reaction to the work at the time? Why did he paint this? What was he trying to convey?
While Francisco Goya was considered the greatest painter of the Neoclassical and Romantic periods, the Irony is that he belonged to neither group, never visited France, which was at the center of the art world at the time. The Third of May 1808 was a political piece. In it one sees a dramatic depiction of soldier pointing muskets at a group of darker skinned people. One of them lies already dead on the ground. This painting was to depict a massacre of peasants in Madrid when the city fell to the French. The way it is rendered, the viewer is inclined to be sympathetic to the Spanish peasants in the painting. Essay Question #9 chp 19(10 points)Explain in detail why Auguste Rodin's The Burghers of Calais is considered a groundbreaking sculpture. What group or movement did Rodin belong to? Describe this work in detail. How was it made? What is it made of? What was the process? What was the subject matter? Content? How did Rodin use texture in this sculpture?Rodin’s sculpture The Burghers of Calais combines all of the innovative techniques of modernism to create a dynamic, and realistic three-dimensional piece. The placement of the figures help adds to the dynamism of the piece, since Rodin chose an odd placement of his figures. The subject matter is also a rather dynamic one. The sculpture depicts six citizens of Calais who gave their lives to the English in order to spare their fellow townspeople. He used soft materials to achieve extremely textured surfaces.