United Nations (59) define human trafficking in the modern society as forcing or controlling a person through recruiting, transporting, transferring, and harboring for purposes of exploitation in exchange for benefits or payments. Human trafficking is a form of slavery that has become a major international concern. Human trafficking and related issues, such as irregular migration, forced labor, prostitution, and transnational organized crimes are subjects to intense political discussions and ambitious legal regulations on international, regional, and national levels. Governments, international organizations, and civil societies have increasingly focused on human trafficking and any measures that can prevent it. This has involved interventions to protect trafficked persons, prosecute perpetrators, and strengthen the cross-border cooperation against human trafficking. There has also been much awareness raising campaigns and wide interest of the media to ensure that human trafficking is known to the general public.
According to Reichel (51), the public, national governments, and the international community have the ability to reduce the scope of human trafficking. International community is involved in developing comprehensive human rights approach that combat human trafficking. It also provides an understanding of what human trafficking encompasses to make it easy to deal with the problem. For an instant, the international community is responsible of carrying out research to distinguishing non-commercial forms of human exploitation and human trafficking. The national governments can resolve the problem through verifying policy areas that interact with human tracking (United States Government Accountability Office 1).
The 2000 UN anti trafficking protocol should be amended. It requires states to grant international victims of human trafficking a right to residence independent of the victim’s judicial cooperation. All government agencies and grantees should provide adequate information on the number of human trafficking victims, offer victims certification to increase their level of protection, and offer annual publications regarding their domestic anti trafficking activities.
The public should participate in providing information on incidences of human trafficking. The media, public, governments, and non-governmental organizations should become more involved in draw more attention to internal human trafficking. The government should enforce laws that punishing up to the final link in the human trafficking chain. The government is responsible for removing gaps in their government structures that distort efforts to combat human trafficking. The international community should scrutinize their institutional mandates and consider its reforms carefully (Lee 33).
Lee, Maggy. Human trafficking. Routledge: Routledge, 2013. Print.
Reichel, Philip. Cross-national collaboration to combat human trafficking: learning from the experience of others. New York: Diane Publishing, 2011. Print.
United Nations. Globalization of crime, the: a transnational organized crime threat assessment. New York: United Nations Publications, 2010. Print.
United States Government Accountability Office. "Human Trafficking: A Strategic Framework Could Help Enhance The Interagency Collaboration Needed To Effectively Combat Trafficking Crimes: GAO-07-915." GAO Reports (2007): 1.