- After Bob and Carol bought a video game console for their child, Greg, they began to notice a change in his behavior. When they could pry him away from games for dinner, he would be verbally abusive at the table. He would also punch walls in frustration, and even kicked over a glass table in the house. Bob and Carol blame video games for Greg’s violent behavior.The following conclusion suffers from which type of fallacy?This fallacy found in this case can be said to be a correlation implies causation fallacy otherwise known as Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc this is because the argument made by Greg’s parents connects Greg’s behavior to the games he plays and assumes that his behavior change is because of the games.
- If people keep celebrating Hallowe’en, then Wicca and satanic cults will increase in popularity, murder and cult sacrifices will become the norm, and soon we’ll be living in hell on earth.This statement is an example of which type of fallacy?
This argument presents a slippery slope fallacy as it assumes that very small and minor actions such as celebrating Halloween can result into extreme outcomes.
- Chocolate chip cookies taste much better than chicken. This statement is an example of which fallacy?This argument presents a false dilemma fallacy because of the fact that the argument is presented in such a way that the argument holds only two possibilities.
- If you don’t let me go to the graduation weekend at Jody’s cottage, I will be miserable for my whole life. This statement is an example of which type of fallacy? This statement is an example of a false dilemma fallacy as it only provides two possible options as potential outcome of the event.
- Why are you telling me not to text while I’m driving? You do it all the time! This example shows which type of fallacy? The fallacy presented in this statement is an appeal to the tradition because the person being warned against texting while driving is basing the argument on the fact that the person warning him does the same thing.
PART B: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
- The act of attacking and demonizing all forms of private of exotic cat ownership as well as claiming that it is abusive and inexcusable as it is only done for reasons of human vanity can be said to be fallacious in the sense that it presents a case of false dilemma fallacy by showing that the private ownership of cats could only give rise to negative outcomes while in fact it could potentially hold other benefits and provide better options. The creation of moral panic by the AR groups and the sympathetic elements within government resulting into the creation of moral panic concerning the ownership of the cats can be said to be fallacious as it is based on the slippery slope fallacy whereby those against the private ownership of the cats assume that the very act could result into such extreme outcomes as an untamable menace by wild and blood thirsty big cats.
- In refute to the claims made by Gore that rock stars or some other public figures negatively influence children “when they see scantily dressed women kind of rounded up by the band members and put in cages, and there’s whips and there’s a sort of menace and there’s a sort of sexuality, they pick on that, they pick on the weirdness”. Gore indeed is right to a certain extent that children could potentially be negatively influenced, her argument ,however is based on generalization and quite a few out of the many existing rock stars and public figures are actually guilty of the crimes she accuses them thereby making her claim subjective to personal opinion.
- Using the Toulmin model of argument provide a detailed warrant for the examples provided by Dohmann in his passage. You must include at least one direct quote in your responseDohmann’s claim is that Vick should be banished forever based on the heinous acts he committed such as violence, gambling and deception as well as his dishonesty when asked about his involvement. In spite of the fact that evidence shows that other sportsmen have gotten away with greater crimes Dohmann claims that Vicks case is unique and should be treated as such, his justification being that “Vick didn’t commit one heinous act, he financed and participated in an illegal operation for years” This therefore warrants his receiving a more severe punishment.
PART C: ESSAY OUTLINE
This passage clearly outlines the disregard for human rights of residents and citizens of certain races with regards to issues related to terrorism .the loss of certain rights of owner such as the right to own property, freedom of speech, movement and privacy are some among those that are disregarded. The passage also highlights a situation of disruption of a lives as well as other investments that have taken time and effort to build and are quite simply, irreplaceable .In spite of one receiving their freedom after the intrusive investigations, it is impossible to regain their normal lives back. It is an undisputable fact that stringent measures have to be put in place in the fight against terrorism and other crimes; this however does not mean that there should be disregard for others rights and loss of humanity. In as much as it is also a well-known fact that the identity of such individuals is hard to disclose, it is imperative that those charged with the duty of ensuring there is security, conduct their duties in a way that will ensure that people are not wrongfully charged.
PART D: VISUAL ANALYSIS and ARISTOTELIAN APPEALS
The three Aristotelean appeals; ethos, pathos and logos are well employed in the advertisement. The ethical (ethos) appeal of this photo is not clearly stated, as it is hard to tell who created the photo. All that is known about the picture is that it is an advertisement.
The emotional appeal of this picture (pathos) is present as it can be described as funny especially to persons of a certain age such as children. This is therefore a very effective technique in the advertisement.
The logical appeal of the picture is also expressed quite well. It logically makes sense; the appearance of physical strength can very easily be attributed to consumption of milk therefore successfully promoting the brand.