Human trafficking is one of the problems in the world today. It is worth noting that human trafficking affects both the developed and developing nations. Human trafficking is one of the modern forms of slavery. Trafficking of human beings is a grave violation of human rights and a crime against humanity. Statistics shows that thousands of women, children and men are victims of human trafficking in the world. Evidently, women and girls are the main victims of human trafficking. Statistics shows that approximately 27 million people are part of modern day slavery (Shelley 8). Human trafficking refers to the trade of human beings for various reasons. It takes place trans-nationally or nationally, but it does not literary mean an individual must be moved from one place to another. Human trafficking is believed to be a lucrative trade since it creates billions of money.
There are various elements of human trafficking; these include the act, means and purpose. This element elaborates deeply on the issue of human trafficking. The acts that involve human trafficking include transfer, recruiting, transport, receive of persons, as well as harboring. Each of these actions accomplishes the purpose of human trafficking (Shelley 24). Victims of human trafficking are held without their will. This means that the actions used is what drives them to be victims of human trafficking. Some for the actions include coercion, fraud, abduction, use of force, abuse of power, deception, and giving benefits.
There are major causes of human trafficking in the world. One of the main causes is the economic and financial difficulties in society. Poverty is a common cause since people who are poor are lured towards well paid jobs (Shelley 46). Other causes include forced labor, sexual exploitation, debt, addiction, demand, natural disasters, and political instability.
The impacts of human trafficking are rampant. It is worth noting that the effects are social, economic, health, physical, and psychological. Victims of human trafficking suffer from physical abuse, starvation and physical exhaustion. Such effects have long lasting effects on the health and psychological nature of the victim.
Shelley, Louise. Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective. New York: Wiley, 2010. Print.