Realism is an artistic movement that begins in the 1800s in France. The artists in this era make effort to convey honest opinions while avoiding areas of exaggeration in the art elements. The work of Gustave Courbet initiates the concept while ignoring idealist artwork. The artistic movement begins after the revolution that marks the end of Romanism that dominates the entire French literature. Realism rejects the exaggeration of emotions in the Romanism (Morris, 2003). The artist movement seeks to depict the truth and real situations while avoiding the unpleasant way of life. The growth of photography works well with the realistic artworks to create a new visual artistic impression as the objects appear real. The artists in this era strive to reveal the truth in a sordid way. The artistic concept tends to avoid techniques and stylization and focus on naturalism. Artists that use realistic concepts use a contemporary setting in the attempt of use social class. Artist avoids the untidy elements by adopting a meticulous approach by avoiding an artificial way of treating human relations and emotions. The style influences most of the European artists for an entire century (Morris, 2003).
Impressionism is an artistic concept in the 19th century popularized by some of the artists in Paris, France. Most of the artists in this era work independent amidst harsh criticism from the artists depicting other styles such as realism. Some of the attributes of impressionist painting include an open composition that has light and an accurate of changing qualities. The development of the visual art uses an analogous style in the mass media (Welton, 2013). The frontiers in the impressionist tend to violate the regulation of painting in the academic level. The artists have the liberty of using free brush colors in the line and the contours. Painters that use this style portray a visual effect other than the broken brush stroke to achieve the intended color variation. Impressionist captures an original vision in the art establishment of a new style. The technique leads to the creation of other new forms of styles such as cubism and neo-impressionism.
The expressionism artistic movement originates in Germany in the 20th century. The artistic style appears in literature and forms of painting distort the emotional effect to depict attitude and moods. The expressionist artist seeks to express meaning and emotions instead of the physical reality. The development of the style remains popular at Berlin to extend to other fields such as music, poetry, painting, architecture, dance, and theatre. Expressionism points to individual perspective in the attribute of positivism. Artist that use the style wish to express themselves as they reject any immediate perception while designing complex art concepts from the mental image (Bassie, 2008). An artist filters most of the substantial areas to produce an outcome of clarity to assimilate the condensed forms. The style tends to overlap most of the styles in the “isms” depicted in the modern period.
Modern art in the contemporary world proceeds from the 1970s and after to depict an artistic expression in this era. The era has seen some of the art embellishments taken from the previous generation put aside as the artist in this era strives to experiment with the latest methods. Most of the modern artists are in search of new methods, new and fresh ideologies to make work easier and effective in the function of art. The revolution of modern art at the beginning of the 21st century has some of the artists using a post-cubist style to express multi-colored, express landscapes to develop the modern painting. Matisse applies a primitive art with the use of warm colors to depict emotions and liberty.
Bassie, A. (2008). Expressionism. New York: Parkstone International.
Morris, P. (2003). Realism. London: Routledge.
Welton, J. (2013). Impressionism. London: Dorling Kindersley in association with the Art Institute of Chicago ;.