The Vikings Explore North America, c. 1010
In that summer, a ship from Norway arrived in Greenland with Thorfinn Karlsefni as the skipper. A discussion concerning a wine land voyage was brought up, and the folk urged Karlsefni to make the venture, Gudrid, his wife joining with the others. Determined to take the voyage, he assembled sixty men and five women and signed an agreement with his shipmates that they would equally share the spoils of the enterprise.
Castilian Law incorporates the slaves and others before 1492
The Castilian law gave liberty to every man to do his will, unless, the law prohibited it. Their master could give Liberty to a slave by will, without a will or on a written instrument. The master, however, should do this by himself and not through an attorney. When he freed a slave in the presence of his friends or written means, he was to proceed in the presence of five or six witnesses. The law also stated that when a master placed their female slave in a brothel to earn money, they would henceforth be free. Jews were to live among Christians quietly and without disorder, not speaking any kind of ill about the faith of the Lord Jesus, which the Christians acknowledged. They were also to avoid preaching and converting any Christians into becoming Jews.
The pope supports Portugal’s conquest of Cueta, 1436
As Pointiff affirms that as Christians experienced suffering on their road to salvation, the work of his ministers was also demonstrating that same path/ seeing that Agarites and Saracens continued to prosecute Christians justified King Dom Joao to attack the culprits in Africa. The legacy of the same proposes made King Dom Duarte request the assistance of Rome. The pope then advices his juniors, to incite laymen and clergymen into following this example in their jurisdiction.
Portuguese Expedition Encounters Resistance upon Reaching Gambia, 1455
Almadias attacked a ship the Portuguese were travelling in using poisonous arrows. Upon the assault, the Portuguese discharged cannons first asking the Almadias release their arrows to start admiring the fired stones. After a while, they were no longer frightened and resumed shooting their arrows with more vigor this time. In little time, however, many blacks were killed, and two Christians wounded. Later on, the Portuguese attempted to speak to the blacks claiming they were men of peace who bore gifts for their king from the king of Portugal.
Columbus Arrives in the Indies October 11, 1492
On Thursday, October 11th, 1492, Columbus arrived in the Indies. A sailor, Rodrigo de Triana, was the first to see the land. Upon landing, they saw green trees, fruits and much water. The Amiral brought ought the royal standards as the captain went out with two banners of their green cross, which the admiral flew upon all ships as flags. The admiral then called the two captains the secretary of the fleet and Rodrigo to witness and take testimony as he took possession of the land on behalf of his King and Queen.