Many of the companies and corporations operating in different parts of the world are constantly becoming environmentally conscious. This is due to the pressure being subjected by governments and other environmentalists on these corporations to reduce pollution (Hawkins, & Shaw, 2004). Each company is mandated to be environmentally friendly and for this reason, pollution prevention programs are a must for each corporation (Hawkins, & Shaw, 2004).
Environmental performance of a company is determined by the International Organization Standards, (ISO), which sets up guidelines and regulations concerning pollution (Maczulak, 2010). The corporations are classified first according to their objectives, that is whether a company is profit making or not. This however does not mean that some corporations are better placed than others. In fact, the corporations have to be monitored irrespective of their objectives in the society. In addition, the corporations are classified according to micro, indicators, medium, and macro indicators. The classification is based on whether a company is locally or internationally operational.
According to the ISO 14001, definitions, a company is rated according to the processes enacted to reduce pollution (Maczulak, 2010). In addition, the practices and the materials used by each individual company are reviewed by ISO officials. Through this information, a company is ranked according to the measures put in place as well as the perceived increase or drop in rate of pollution.
When toxic gases are emitted from industries, they pollute both water and air (Collin, 2006). The meteorological departments therefore use color codes in order to establish the level of pollution in a certain area (Collin, 2006). Although these colors are different for various locations, green is common to show normal or safe conditions while red and sometimes black are used to show high rates of pollution. By using these colors, the environmental officials are able to know which company pollutes more and hence take the relevant measures.
Collin, R. W. (2006). The Environmental Protection Agency: cleaning up America's act.
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Hawkins, R. G., & Shaw, H. S. (2004). The practical guide to waste management law: with a
list of abbreviations and acronyms, useful websites and relevant legislation. London,
UK: Thomas Telford.
Maczulak, A. (2010). Pollution: Treating Environmental Toxins. New York, NY: InfoBase